Ideographia: The Chinese Cipher in Early Modern Europe

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Overview

From the first successful Jesuit mission in 1583 until the disastrous failure of the British trade embassy in 1816, China’s cultural practices transfixed the attention of Western philosophers, theologians, architects, artists, entrepreneurs, and social critics. The direct influences on European culture were many and profound, ranging from Chinese teahouses in European palace gardens to adaptations of Chinese plays for the popular stage, from calls for the restructuring of the civil service on the model of Chinese meritocracy to the espousal of Confucian precepts in the moral education of children.

More significant than even such readily visible gestures of imitation and appropriation, however, were the interpretive strategies that accompanied them: the processes by which Europeans translated the unfamiliar and often enigmatic artifacts of Chinese culture into familiar forms of meaning, thus engaging them in the emergent discourses of European modernity.

This book traces recurrent patterns in the European imaginative constructions of China through four illuminating spheres of encounter: linguistic, theological, aesthetic, and economic. How might we compare the perplexity of Europeans before the Chinese writing system with their experience of Chinese religious practice, trade policy, or porcelain design? The author shows how the remarkably consistent interpretive paradigms revealed through such comparisons suggest not only how historical circumstances condition and constrain responses to the foreign but also how an active engagement with the cipher of foreignness shapes the way a society comes to understand itself.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"David Porter, in an intelligent and erudite book, examines four episodes of early modern European images of China that shaped European values and self-concepts. . . ." —International History Review
Booknews
Porter (English and comparative literature, U. of Michigan) considers the influence of Chinese cultural artifacts in early modern Europe. Individual chapters are devoted to cultural encounters in the realms of language, religion, the arts, and commerce. The scope of the study ranges from the first successful Jesuit mission in 1583, to the failure of the British trade embassy in 1816. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780804732031
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • Publication date: 7/28/2002
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

David Porter is Assistant Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Michigan. He is the editor of Internet Culture and Between Men and Feminism.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Introduction 1
1 Linguistic Legitimacy and the Intepretation of Chinese Writing 15
2 The First Ancestor: Intimations of Chinese Divinity 78
3 Chinoiserie and the Aesthetics of Illegitimacy 133
4 Commercialist Legitimacy and the China Trade 193
Epilogue 241
Notes 247
Bibliography 269
Index 287
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