Image and Video Compression Standards: Algorithms and Architectures

Overview

Image and Video Compression Standards: Algorithms and Architectures, Second Edition presents an introduction to thealgorithms and architectures that form the underpinnings of the imageand video compressions standards, including JPEG (compression ofstill-images), H.261 and H.263 (video teleconferencing), and MPEG-1and MPEG-2 (video storage and broadcasting). The next generation ofaudiovisual coding standards, such as MPEG-4 and MPEG-7, are alsobriefly described. In addition, the book covers the MPEG and DolbyAC-3 ...
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Overview

Image and Video Compression Standards: Algorithms and Architectures, Second Edition presents an introduction to thealgorithms and architectures that form the underpinnings of the imageand video compressions standards, including JPEG (compression ofstill-images), H.261 and H.263 (video teleconferencing), and MPEG-1and MPEG-2 (video storage and broadcasting). The next generation ofaudiovisual coding standards, such as MPEG-4 and MPEG-7, are alsobriefly described. In addition, the book covers the MPEG and DolbyAC-3 audio coding standards and emerging techniques for image andvideo compression, such as those based on wavelets and vectorquantization.

Image and Video Compression Standards: Algorithms andArchitectures, Second Edition emphasizes the foundations ofthese standards; namely, techniques such as predictive coding,transform-based coding such as the discrete cosine transform (DCT),motion estimation, motion compensation, and entropy coding, as well ashow they are applied in the standards. The implementation details ofeach standard are avoided; however, the book provides all the materialnecessary to understand the workings of each of the compressionstandards, including information that can be used by the reader toevaluate the efficiency of various software and hardwareimplementations conforming to these standards. Particular emphasis isplaced on those algorithms and architectures that have been found tobe useful in practical software or hardware implementations.

Image and Video Compression Standards: Algorithms andArchitectures, Second Edition uniquely covers all majorstandards (JPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, H.261, H.263) in asimple andtutorial manner, while fully addressing the architecturalconsiderations involved when implementing these standards. As such, itserves as a valuable reference for the graduate student, researcher orengineer. The book is also used frequently as a text for courses onthe subject, in both academic and professional settings.

An introduction and reference to the underpinnings and foundations of multimedia and graphics compression standards such as JPEG, MPEG-1 & 2, H.261, and Dolby AC-3. Emphasizes application of predictive and transform-based coding, motion estimation and compensation, and entropy coding as applied to the standards. Discusses methods for lossless and lossy image compression, processing requirements, RISC and DSP cores, DCT architectures, motion estimation and entropy coding hardware, integrated circuits for video coders, multimedia enhancements for RISC processors, and standard and non-standard coding techniques.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Introduces the algorithms and architecture that form the underpinnings of the primary image and video compression standards, including JPEG (compressing still images), H.261 (video conferencing), and MPEG-1 and -2 (video storage and broadcasting). Also includes the MPEG and Dolby AC-3 audio coding standing and emerging techniques for image and video compression such as those based on wavelets and vector quantizations. Emphasizes the algorithms and architectures that have been found practical in software or hardware implementations. Assumes some background in high-level hardware design, but no prior knowledge of compression. Conceived as a reference or self-study tutorial, but may also be suitable as an auxiliary text in a graduate course. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
1 Compression Fundamentals 1
2 Methods and Standards for Lossless Compression 15
3 Fundamentals of Lossy Image Compression 53
4 Fundamentals of Lossy Video Compression 87
5 The JPEG Standard 129
6 The MPEG Video Standards 161
7 The H.261 Video Coding Standard 195
8 Processing Requirements 207
9 RISC and DSP Cores 215
10 Architectures for the DCT 225
11 Hardware for Motion Estimation 237
12 Hardware for Entropy Coding 249
13 Implementation of JPEG Processors 263
14 Integrated Circuits for Video Coders 271
15 Multimedia Enhancements for RISC Processors 289
16 Standards for Audio Compression 297
17 Nonstandard Compression Techniques 315
A Abbreviations and Symbols 335
B Internet Directory 341
References 345
Index 363
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