Image Of Aristocracy In Britain, 1000-1300, The

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David Crouch provides a broad definition of aristorcracy by examining the ways aristocrats behaved and lived between 1000 and 1300. He analyses life-style, class and luxurious living in those years. A distinctive feature of the book is that it takes a British, rather than Anglocentric, view - looking at the penetration of Welsh and Scottish society by Anglo-French ideas of aristocracy.

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Editorial Reviews

Argues that though of course the aristocracy had been "invented" long before, it was "discovered" in England, Scotland, and Wales in the two generations on either side of the Magna Carta, as a distinct element that could exist separate from a particular individual or even family. Wealth and power acquired symbols expressed in titles, residences, clothing, behavior, and other aspects of public display; by the end of the period, not only the symbols, but the social ranks they represented, were rigidly classified into an enforceable hierarchy that eventually evolved into the class divisions of recent times. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415019118
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 10/22/1992
  • Pages: 408
  • Age range: 18 years
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

List of figures
Introduction: Aristocracy and Nobility
Nobility 2
Nobility and genealogy 9
Aristocracy, dignity and social definition 11
The question of social groups 15
The middle ground in society 23
Ideas of individual rank and status 27
Pt. I Hereditary titles and social dignities
1 The Earl and the Count 41
Anglo-Saxon ealdormen and earls 46
The continental experience 50
The post-conquest English earl 56
The significance of investiture of the earl 72
The countess 75
The earl in Scotland 80
2 Welsh Princes and the Prehistory of the Peerage 85
The prince 85
The duke 96
The marquis 98
The viscount 100
King and peers 102
Peerage 104
3 Social Dignities: Barons and Bannerets 106
The baron 107
The banneret 114
4 The Knight 120
The French roots of knighthood 120
The social context of knighthood 122
The transformation of knighthood 132
The language of deference 148
The hardening of social levels 152
The knight in Scotland 153
The knight in Wales 155
5 The Squire and Lesser Ranks 164
The squire 164
Vavassors and franklins 171
Pt. II Trappings and insignia
6 The Greater Insignia 177
The banner as insignia 180
The ceremonial sword 190
The coronet and cap 198
The sceptre or rod 211
The image of the prince 214
7 Insignia Defining Aristocracy 220
The banner, the family and the origins of heraldry 220
The shield of arms 226
Heraldry, retinues and domination 238
Heraldry in Scotland and Wales 240
The seal 242
Dress 247
8 Castles and Halls 252
The hall 252
The castle and status 257
Status and domestic planning after 1100 264
Hall and castle in Wales 273
Castle and hall in Scotland 279
9 The Noble Household 281
The model household 281
The idea of the household in Britain before the Normans 284
From royal to noble household 288
Numbers and elaboration 293
The inner household 298
Knights and the noble household 302
The lord, his men and the hunting field 305
10 Piety and Status 311
Patronage, repentance and renunciation 311
Aristocratic chantries 316
The material benefits of patronage 321
The pattern of patronage 324
Advocacy 327
The Welsh and Scottish aristocracies and the Church 334
Conclusion 344
Bibliography 348
Index 368
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