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Imagery for Pain Relief: A Scientifically Grounded Guidebook for Clinicians

Overview

Imagery for Pain Relief, the first book of its kind, familiarizes the reader with basic scientific information about pain and mental imagery and shows why imagery is a valuable tool for pain management. Scientifically grounded and easy to read, it provides readers with a wealth of practical information, including imagery techniques that have been successfully used in the past. This is a useful text not only for physicians and clinical psychologists, but also for counselors, social workers, nurses, and graduate students in all health-related fields, including sports medicine.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Effective treatment of pain still is a challenge, and it is for that reason that this volume will be welcomed by health care professionals. It will unlock the neglected potential of mental imagery for clinicians who are faced with the pervasive and often baffling problem of pain." - Barbara Dossey, author of Holistic Nursing: A Handbook for Practice and Florence Nightingale: Mystic, Visionary, Healer

"This is a welcome addition to a field dominated by drugs and procedures that have limited value. If providers and patients would use the techniques so well presented in this book, both groups would be infinitely more successful." - Errol R. Korn, author of Visualization: Use of Imagery in the Health Profession, and Former Director, Pain Rehabilitation Center, Scripps Memorial Hospital, San Diego, USA

"This volume is an eminently readable, evidence-based compendium of powerful tools for dealing effectively with pain. It presents an excellent account of the remarkable discoveries about mechanisms underlying pain and out perception of it and is essential to every library of healing techniques." - Emmett Miller, author of Deep Healing, and Director: Cancer Support and Education Center

"Pincus and Sheikh provide a timely, comprehensive, and well researched look at the power of imagery for reducing pain, and how to best use this simple but potent modality in the clinic with adults and children. Clinicians will find themselves dipping into this valuable resource frequently." - Belleruth Naparstek, author of Invisible Heroes: Survivors of Trauma and How They Heal, and Creator, Health Journeys Guided Imagery Audio Series

"This excellent and much needed volume will provide psychotherapists with the scientific rationale for healing and a humanitarian service for the general public." - Ernest L. Rossi, author of Psychobiology of Mind-Body Healing and The Psychobiology of Gene Expression

"Fascinating... comprehensive but lucidly written." -Jerome L. Singer, Yale University, in the journal of Imagination, Cognition and Personality

"[This book] is more than a guidebook for clinicians. It is a short, concise, comprehensive treatment of this history of pain theory, it's psychological beginnings, and the importance of perception and imagery in understanding pain and its potential treatments. This is an extraordinary book. the book reflects its title...it is that and much more. I was more than pleasantly surprised in these days when clinicians, regardless of their discipline, claim to be evidence-based in their practice. A model of the critical evaluation of the use of imagery for pain relief. A great example of scientifically grounded clinicians exploring, researching, and therapeutically addressing a clinical issue such as pain. Pincus and Sheikh can be proud of their efforts and their book. They have shown us the science and practice of clinical psychology at its best." - Barry A. Hong in PsycCRITIQUES, June 2010, Vol. 55, Release 23

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781135841775
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis, Inc.
  • Publication date: 4/1/2009
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eTextbook
  • Pages: 310
  • File size: 4 MB

Table of Contents

Foreword by Ernest Lawrence Rossi xiii

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xix

1 Pain: A Primer 1

Varieties of Pain 4

Pain in Modern Medicine: Round Pegs and Square Holes 6

What Causes Pain? 12

Gate Control 13

Personality Factors 15

Behavioral Learning Factors 19

Coping Behavior 24

Attentional-Perceptual Dynamics 25

Beliefs 27

Schema 29

Affect 31

The Sick Role 31

2 Imagery: More Than Make-Believe 35

Pink Space Bears and Other Contents of the Imagination 36

Ancient Spiritualism 40

The Dualist Revolution of René Descartes 44

Revival: Imagery in Psychology and Modern Medicine 47

Jung's Active Imagination 49

The Cognitive Revolution 51

Full Circle 52

Types of Imagery 58

The True Nature of Imagination 59

3 Imagery for Pain Relief: How Does It Work? 61

Science, Scientism, and Modern Pain Practice 62

Does Imagery Work? 63

Shades of Gray: Understanding Clinical Research 64

And the Winner Is...? 67

Imagery versus Hypnosis 69

"Everybody Is Special, Just the Way They Are" 72

How Does Imagery Work? 77

Self-Organizing Biopsychosocial Systems: The Operating Room of the Inner Physician 82

Room of the Inner Physician 82

Classical Systems Theories 83

Complexity, Overdetermination, and Fractal Geometry 85

Self-Regulation 86

Homeostasis and Far-from-Equilibrium Dynamics 88

Bifurcation Theory 89

Information Entropy, the Edge of Chaos, and Health 90

Imagery as Shadow Experience 93

The Triple Code Theory 94

The Imagery-Sensory Lexicon of Experience 96

Imagery as a Schema Portal 98

Pain and Imagery: How It Works 98

4 The Process of Image Therapy 101

The First Session 102

MotivationEnhancement 115

Imagery Skills Training 120

The Active Phase of Treatment 122

5 Pain Management: Simple Techniques 131

Subtle Conversational Imagery 132

Relaxation 133

Favorite Place 134

Other Places: Beaches, Mountains, and Gardens 135

Mental Rehearsal 139

Other Behavioral Imagery Techniques 141

Simple Transformational Imagery 144

Glove Anesthesia 146

Displacement 147

Direct Diminution of Sensations 147

Dissociation 149

Incompatible Imagery 150

6 Pain Management: Deeper Techniques 153

The Ball of Pain 153

Mind-Controlled Analgesia 154

Opening Around Pain 155

Emptying the Sandbag 156

Spreading the Pain 157

Radiant Light 158

Inner Journeys 160

Inner-Body Travel 160

Journey as Metaphor 167

7 Pain Management: Deepest Techniques 171

Ericksonian Hypnotherapy 172

Theoretical Framework 175

Basic Principles 179

Basic Techniques 183

Inner Advisor 188

Dialogue with Pain 192

Focusing 196

Theoretical Framework 197

Basic Procedure 198

Case Example 201

Eidetic Imagery 204

Clean Language and Metaphor: The Work of David Grove 206

Basic Procedures 207

Case Example 215

Comparative Analysis 220

8 Imagery for Children in Pain 225

Developmental Factors 227

The Family System 233

Effective Approaches to Treatment 237

Abdominal Pain 237

Headaches 239

Procedural Pain 241

Techniques 243

The Painbrush 243

The Dolphin 244

Candles 246

General Guidelines 247

Suggestion 1: Keep It Simple. 247

Suggestion 2: Provide Options. 248

Suggestion 3: Don't Just Talk, Play! 248

9 The Gift of Pain and Suffering 251

The Encounter 253

The Clinician 253

The Gift 254

References 259

Subject Index 277

Author Index 285

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