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Imaging and Technology in Urology: Principles and Clinical Applications

Overview

Imaging and Technology: Principles and Clinical Applicationsis a practical and user-friendly consolidated source book for urologists, and urologists in training, regarding the basic science of imaging modalities used on a day-to-day basis in urological practice. Similarly, the intention is to provide an introduction to the technology that is used in the practice of urological surgery and the management of urological patients in the clinical setting. This knowledge level is appropriate for certification for ...

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Overview

Imaging and Technology: Principles and Clinical Applicationsis a practical and user-friendly consolidated source book for urologists, and urologists in training, regarding the basic science of imaging modalities used on a day-to-day basis in urological practice. Similarly, the intention is to provide an introduction to the technology that is used in the practice of urological surgery and the management of urological patients in the clinical setting. This knowledge level is appropriate for certification for independent consultant practice in urology in the UK. The book is also valuable to urologists and urological trainees outside of the UK and in other surgical specialities.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Costas D. Lallas, MD, FACS (Thomas Jefferson University)
Description: Each of the 80 short chapters in this book is a focused snapshot of the technologies and techniques that are commonly used in urologic practice.
Purpose: Altogether, the chapters represent a practical and general overview of the procedures, tools, and principles that are a part of everyday urology practice, although each chapter does not comprehensively cover its respective topic (chapters are purposefully no longer than five pages).
Audience: Although it is intended as a quick reference for practicing urologists and a study guide for training physicians reviewing for the intercollegiate specialty exam in urology, the FRCS (Urol.), the book could serve equally well as a valuable reference for urology trainees in other countries. Its compact, easy-to-read chapters would be helpful for practicing urologists or other healthcare specialists seeking to quickly reinforce their knowledge of the facts behind the technologies used in everyday urology.
Features: The chapters are grouped into seven parts, the first of which describes the physics of radiology technologies common in urology and their applications, such as a CT urogram, MRI of the pelvis, and ultrasound of a renal mass, the testes, and the prostate. Part II on nuclear medicine tests discusses basic principles as well as how to perform them for optimal and useful results. Each chapter in part III focuses on a particular diagnostic test used in all aspects of urologic practice, including nephrolithiasis, voiding dysfunction, and oncology. Parts IV and V illustrate the techniques, instruments, and accessories used for urologic operations and office procedures. They also include chapters on specific considerations of urologic surgeries, such as ideal conditions in the operating room, DVT prophylaxis, and potential hazards of irrigations and pneumoperitoneum. Part VI is much more concentrated than the other sections, focusing solely on technologies pertinent to renal failure, such as dialysis and renal transplantation. The final part has only two chapters that describe methods to evaluate the impact and usefulness of the various technologies, such as with a randomized controlled trials (RCT) and health technology assessments (HTA). Both chapters are purposefully succinct, hitting only the highlights of the respective technologies and are not intended to be exhaustive reviews of the literature. The goal of the book is undoubtedly familiarity as opposed to encyclopedic knowledge of the topics. Still, chapters have recommended readings for those who would like to delve into a subject more deeply.
Assessment: This is a practical guide, covering the highlights of the predominant technologies used in urology. It is most appropriate for trainees seeking to familiarize themselves about these topics for examination purposes or for practitioners needing a quick resource.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781447124214
  • Publisher: Springer London
  • Publication date: 4/12/2012
  • Edition description: 2012
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 388
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Part 1 – Imaging: Radiology.- Principles of X-ray Production and Radiation Protection.- How to Perform a Clinical Radiograph and Use a C-arm.- Contrast agents.- How to do an IVU.- Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA).- The physics of ultrasound.- How to Ultrasound a Suspected Renal Mass.- How to Ultrasound a Painful Testis and a Testicular Mass.- How to Perform a Trans-Rectal Ultrasound Scan and Prostate Biopsy.- How to Manage a Hydronephrotic Kidney.- Principles of Computed Tomography (CT).- How to do a CT Urogram (CTU).- How to do a CT in a Patient with Presumed Upper Tract Trauma.- Principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).- How to do an MRI of the Pelvis.- Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA).- Vascular Embolization Techniques in Urology.- Part 2 – Imaging: Nuclear Medicine.- Radionuclides and their Uses in Urology.- Counting and Imaging in Nuclear Medicine.- Principles of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scanning.- How to do a Renogram.- How to do a Diuresis Renogram.- How to do a DMSA Scan.- How to do a Radioisotope Glomerular Filtration Rate Study.- How to do a Bone Scan.- How to do a Transplant Renogram.- Dynamic Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Penile Cancer.- Part 3 – Technology: Diagnostic.- Urinalysis.- Principles of Urine Microscopy and Microbiological Culture.- Measurement of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR).- Metabolic Assessment of Urinary Tract Stones.- Principles of Pressure Measurement.- Principles of Measurement of Urinary Flow.- How to Carry Out a Videocystometrogram (VCMG).- The Whitaker test.- Sphincter electromyography (EMG).- Tumour Markers.- Urine Cytology.- Histopathological Processing, Staining and Immunohishemistry.- Part 4 – Technology: Operative.- Principles of Urological Endoscopes.- Rigid Endoscope Design.- Light Sources, Light Leads and Camera Systems.- Peripherals for Endoscopic Use.- Peripherals for laparoscopic use.- Peripherals for mechanical stone manipulation.- Contact lithotripters.- Endoscopic use of Laser Energy.- Double J Stents and Nephrostomy.- Urinary Catheters, Design and Usage.- Prostatic and Urethral Stents.- Urological Prosthetics.- Meshes in Stress Urinary Incontinence and Pelvic Organ Prolapse.- Biological meshes.- Principles of Tissue Transfer in Urology.- Theatre Design and Patient Safety.- Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) Prevention.- Principles of Decontamination.- Operative Tissue Destruction.- Sutures and Clips.- Monopolar Diathermy.- Bipolar Diathermy.- Alternatives to Electro-Surgery.- Haemostatic Agents, Sealants and Adhesives.- Irrigation Fluids and their Hazards.- Insufflants and their Hazards.- Laparoscopic Ports.- Setting up a Robot.- Part 5 – Technology: Interventional.- Neuromodulation by sacral nerve stimulation.- Principles of Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL).- How to carry out Shockwave Lithotripsy.- Prostatic Hyperthermia.- Ablative Therapies: High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), Cryotherapy and Radio-Frequency Ablation (RFA).- Principles of Radiotherapy.- Electro-Motive Drug Administration (EMDA).- Part 6 - Technology of Renal Failure.- Principals of Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT).- Principals of Peritoneal Dialysis.- Haemodialysis.- Principles of Renal Transplantation.- Part 7 - Assessment of Technology.- Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs).- Health Technology Assessment.

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