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Over the past century, the U.S. Congress argued first that prospective citizens should be judged in terms of race, then in terms of politics, then of ideology, then of wealth and skills. Each argument arose in direct response to a perceived foreign threat--a threat that was, in the government's eyes, racial, political, ideological, or economic. Immigration and the Politics of American Sovereignty traces how and why public arguments about immigrants changed over time, how some arguments came to predominate and shape policy, and what impact these arguments have had on how the United States defines and defends its sovereignty.
Cheryl Shanks offers readers an explanation for immigration policy that is more distinctly political than the usual economic and cultural ones. Her study, enriched by the insights of international relations theory, adds much to our understanding of the notion of sovereignty and as such will be of interest to scholars of international relations, American politics, sociology, and American history.
Cheryl Shanks is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Williams College.
Excerpted from Immigration and the Politics of American Sovereignty, 1890-1990 by Cheryl Shanks Copyright © 2001 by Cheryl Shanks. Excerpted by permission.
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|2||Arguments about Immigrants||10|
|3||Whether to Exclude||31|
|4||Whom to Exclude: The Quota Acts||55|
|5||Whom to Exclude: The McCarran-Walter Act||96|
|6||Whom to Exclude, Whom to Prefer: The Immigration Reform Act of 1965||144|
|7||Whom to Exclude, Whom to Prefer: IRCA and the 1990 Reforms||187|
|8||Domestic Interests as Explanations||230|
|9||Structural Theories as Explanations||245|
|10||Conclusion: Sovereignty, Things, and People||268|