Immune Building Systems Technology / Edition 1

Immune Building Systems Technology / Edition 1

by Wladyslaw Kowalski
     
 

ISBN-10: 0071402462

ISBN-13: 9780071402460

Pub. Date: 09/26/2002

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

DESIGN AND BUILD AIR-CLEANING SYSTEMS TO DEFEND BUILDINGS AGAINST BIOWEAPONS

Here in one definitive volume is all the information engineers need to tackle the life-and-death task of designing systems used to control indoor air quality and understand the various biological pathogens.

In this first book to offer detailed coverage of both airborne pathogens and

Overview

DESIGN AND BUILD AIR-CLEANING SYSTEMS TO DEFEND BUILDINGS AGAINST BIOWEAPONS

Here in one definitive volume is all the information engineers need to tackle the life-and-death task of designing systems used to control indoor air quality and understand the various biological pathogens.

In this first book to offer detailed coverage of both airborne pathogens and the mechanical systems used to control indoor air quality, the author provides a complete review of specific systems for use in

* Homes

* Schools

* Hospitals

* Offices

Along with expert advice on construction and maintenance, Immune Building Systems Technology offers invaluable guidance on retrofitting existing heating and ventilation systems and fully covers:

* Dilution and purging

* Filtration

* UVGI disinfection

If you’ve been looking for an expertly written, one-stop reference that fully addresses indoor disease control, bioweapons, and mold contamination, your search ends here.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071402460
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
09/26/2002
Pages:
588
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Symbols

Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction
A Brief History of Chemical and Biological Warfare
Bioterrorism Today

Chapter 2: Biological Weapon Agents
Introduction
Microorganisms
Toxins
Bioregulators
Weaponizing BW Agents
Size Distribution of BW Agents
Survival Curves of Microbes under UV Exposure
Summary

Chapter 3: Chemical Weapon Agents
Introduction
Classification of CW Agents
Design Basis CW Agents
CW Agent Simulants
Summary

Chapter 4: Dose and Epidemiology of CBW Agents
Introduction
BW Agent Dosimetry
CW Agent Exposure Dosimetry
CBW Agent Inhalation Dosimetry
CBW Agent Ingestion Dosimetry
Lethal Dose Curves for Toxins
Disease Progression Curves
Summary

Chapter 5: Dispersion and Delivery Systems
Introduction
Outdoor Dispersion Systems
Indoor Dispersion Systems
Dissemination of Food-Borne and Water-Borne Agents
Summary

Chapter 6: Buildings and Attack Scenarios
Introduction
Building Types and Relative Risks
Building Attack Scenarios
Summary

Chapter 7: Ventilation Systems
Introduction
Types of Ventilation Systems
Ventilation Modeling
Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling
Summary

Chapter 8: Air-Cleaning and Disinfection Systems
Introduction
Filtration
Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation
Combining UVGI and Filtration
Gas Phase Filtration
Summary

Chapter 9: Simulation of Building Attack Scenarios
Introduction
Baseline Building Attack Scenarios
Simulation of CBW Attack Scenarios
Simulation with CONTAMW
Simulation of Several Model Buildings
Multizone Simulation with CONTAMW
Overload Attack Scenarios
Sudden-Release Scenarios
CW Removal by Outside Air Pumping
Summary

Chapter 10: Detection of CBW Agents
Introduction
Chemical Detection
Biological Detection
Summary

Chapter 11: Immune Building Control Systems
Introduction
Control Systems
Control System Architecture
Emergency Systems
Building Automation for Immune Buildings
Summary

Chapter 12: Security and Emergency Procedures
Introduction
Physical Security Measures
Incident Recognition
Emergency Response
Disabling Services
Emergency Evacuation
Sheltering in Place
Medical Response
Security Protocol
Personnel Training
Summary

Chapter 13: Decontamination and Remediation
Introduction
Decontamination by Physical Means
Decontamination by Chemical Means
Ozone
Chlorine Dioxide
SNL Foam
Summary

Chapter 14: Alternative Technologies
Introduction
Thermal Disinfection
Cryogenic Freezing
Desiccation
Passive Solar Exposure
Vegetation Air Cleaning
Antimicrobial Coatings
Electrostatic Filters
Negative Ionization
Ultrasonication
Photocatalytic Oxidation
Ozone Air Disinfection
Microwave Irradiation
Pulsed White Light
Pulsed Filtered Light
Pulsed Electric Fields
Gamma Irradiation
Electron Beams
Summary

Chapter 15: Economics and Optimization
Introduction
Economics of Filtration
Economics of UVGI
Economics of Carbon Adsorbers
Energy Analysis
Summary

Chapter 16: Mailrooms and CBW Agents
Introduction
Mailroom Contamination
Building Ventilation Systems
Building General Area
Mail Handling by Employees
Contaminated Letters and Packages
Mail Processing Equipment
Delivery Vehicles
Mailroom Protocol
Summary

Chapter 17: Epilogue
Introduction
The Future of Bioterrorism
Collateral Indoor Air Quality Benefits
The Engineer and the Future of Disease Control

Appendix A: Database of Biological Weapon Agents

Appendix B: Database of Pathogen Disease and Lethal Dose Curves

Appendix C: Database of Toxins and Dose Curves

Appendix D: Database of Chemical Weapon Agents

Appendix E: UVGI System Sizes and Kill Rates

Appendix F: Source Code for Direct UVGI Field Average Intensity

Glossary

References

Index

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