The Impact Of Immigration On African Americans

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Immigration has significant consequences for all Americans, but especially for African Americans.áThe sheer magnitude of immigration—it is the primary factor driving population growth—is so large that it directly or indirectly affects the economic, political, social, and environmental circumstances of most Americans.áBut the geographic concentration of immigrants in urban areas, and the economic concentration of immigrants in the low-wage sector of the labor market, have special consequences for African Americans since they are especially likely to live in urban areas and to be low-wage workers.

These effects can be both negative and positive. Immigration has sharply increased the supply of labor into the low-wage sector of the labor market, which tends to reduce wages and employment opportunities for low-wage native workers. Employers may prefer hiring immigrants, who are perceived to be hard working and uncomplaining, to hiring African Americans. Immigrants can also increase the competition for scarce public services (especially education) on which African Americans depend. Yet immigration can also stimulate economic growth and urban revitalization, which can increase job opportunities and spread an ideology of multiculturalism. Immigration can dilute the political power of African Americans, but it can also strengthen the civil rights coalition. Immigration can benefit some groups while hurting others.

This volume presents research and analysis that reflects and advances the debates about the economic and political consequences of immigration for African Americans. The contributors include Gerald Jaynes (Yale University), Vernon Briggs (Cornell University), Frank Bean and Jennifer Lee (University of California, Irvine), Robert Cherry (Brooklyn College), Manuel Pastor (University of California, Santa Cruz) and Enrique Marcelli (University of Massachusetts, Boston), Steven Camarota (Center for Immigration Studies), Frank Morris (University of Texas, Dallas), Steven Shulman (Colorado State University) and Hannes Johannsson (Office of the Comptroller of the Currency), and Lisa Catanzarite (University of California, Los Angeles).

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Two views on immigration and the consequences for African Americans are the subjects of these essays. Some oppose immigration because of the pressure on the human environment and public services. The increase in pressure for jobs would be extra hard on African Americans and Hispanics. Others argue that immigration creates economic, political, and social benefits for all minority groups. The US is a land of immigrants, and immigration increases diversity and multiculturalism. However, African Americans are not descendants of immigrants, and, historically, immigration has not done well by them. The historical, social, and economic essays describe the negative consequences for African Americans. The political essays view immigration as expanding multiculturalism to the benefit of African Americans… The major shortcoming of immigration policy is the failure to consider the impact on the economic life of average Americans, among them, low-wage workers and African Americans. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above.” —A. A. Sio, Choice
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780765805829
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 8/1/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 188
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.43 (d)

Meet the Author

Steven Shulman is professor of economics at Colorado State University. He has written extensively on ethnic inequality and is the co-editor of The Question of Discrimination and the co-author of Unlevel Playing Fields.

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Table of Contents

1 The economic well-being of Black Americans : the overarching influence of U.S. immigration policies 1
2 Immigration and the Black-White color line in the United States 27
3 Occupational context and wage competition of new immigrant Latinos with minorities and whites 59
4 Immigration and the employment of African American workers 77
5 Do Blacks lose when diversity replaces affirmative action? 93
6 Somewhere over the rainbow? : African Americans, unauthorized Mexican immigration, and coalition building 107
7 Immigration and race : what we think we know 137
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