Impact on Composite Structures

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Impacts can range from the most ordinary at low velocity--a tool dropped on a product--to the hypervelocity impact of space debris on a spacecraft. Much research is being conducted on impact on composite structures because significant damage can occur and yet be undetectable by visual inspection.This book explains how damage develops during impact, the effect of impact-induced damage on the mechanical behavior of structures, and methods of damage prediction and detection. Numerous examples illustrate these topics.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...a good reference book and should be purchased by those who work on composite structures...the first section of the book can also be used in lectures on theories of beams, plates, and shells." Applied Mechanics Reviews

"This is one of the first books totally devoted to impact on composite structures. Composites have become of increasing importance in structures since the 1940s, and today many structural elements are manufactured from them, particularly in the aerospace excellent book for any advanced student or researcher." Bradley Dodd, The Times Higher

"This book brings together the latest developments in this new research area. Written for graduate students, as well as for researchers and practicing engineers working with composite materials, this book presents state-of-the-art knowledge on impact dynamics, yet requires only basic understanding of the mechanics of composite materials." Medical Equipment Designer, DesignFax

"The author, who developed his reputation in the field of impact of composite structures through his review papers, is one of the few individuals qualified to write a book of this nature. It represents excellent coverage of pertinent areas...nicely describes the overall problems related to structural impact." AIAA Journal

"...succeeds as a 'state of the art' text...a valuable contribution..The book is very nicely presented and reads well. I recommend this book to civil, structural, aerospace, naval, architectural and automobile engineers who may perform jobs on structures built with composite materials." The Structural Engineer

"...well written and is easy to read for those with some knowledge of impact dynamics and a basic understanding of composite materials...Overall the book is a useful addition to the literature and should provide a good source of reference both for research workers and practising engineers. The book gives value for money for the specialist." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521018326
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 7/31/2005
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 Contact Laws 6
2.1 Introduction 6
2.2 Contact between Two Isotropic Elastic Solids 7
2.3 Indentation of Beams 9
2.4 Indentation of Plates 13
2.5 Identation of a Laminate 15
2.6 Elastoplastic Models 19
2.7 Conclusion 24
2.8 Exercise Problems 24
3 Impact Dynamics 26
3.1 Introduction 26
3.2 Beam Theories 27
3.3 Plate Theories 48
3.4 Impact Models 83
3.5 Theory of Shells 128
3.6 Scaling 132
4 Low-Velocity Impact Damage 135
4.1 Impact Tests 136
4.2 Failure Modes in Low-Velocity Impact Damage 140
4.3 Experimental Methods for Damage Assessment 148
4.4 Parameters Affecting Impact Damage 151
4.5 Summary 158
4.6 Review Questions 159
5 Damage Prediction 161
5.1 Introduction 161
5.2 Damage in Thick Laminates 162
5.3 Damage in Thin Laminates 163
5.4 Damage Initiation 165
5.5 Propagation of Delaminations during Impact 168
5.6 Conclusion 170
5.7 Exercises 171
6 Residual Properties 172
6.1 Introduction 172
6.2 Compressive Strength 172
6.3 Buckling 186
6.4 Residual Tensile Strength 198
6.5 Residual Flexural Strength 205
6.6 Fatigue 206
6.7 Effect of Impact Damage on Structural Dynamics Behavior 209
6.8 Exercise Problems 213
7 Ballistic Impact 215
7.1 Introduction 215
7.2 Experimental Techniques 216
7.3 Ballistic Limit and Residual Velocity of the Projectile 217
7.4 Failure Modes 219
7.5 Prediction of Ballistic Limit 220
7.6 Ceramic-Composite Armor 224
8 Repairs 228
8.1 Introduction 228
8.2 Mechanically Fastened Patches 230
8.3 Adhesive Bonded Joints 231
8.4 Repair of Thermoplastic Composites 238
9 Impact on Sandwich Structures 240
9.1 Introduction 240
9.2 Contact Laws 240
9.3 Impact Dynamics 248
9.4 Impact Damage 249
9.5 Residual Properties 255
References 258
Index 287
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