Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing / Edition 1

Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing / Edition 1

by Sergi Kazantsev, Natalia M. Firstova, Alexander G. Petrashen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0306458926

ISBN-13: 9780306458927

Pub. Date: 09/06/2007

Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC

The first presentation of the novel interdisciplinary optical remote sensing technique for various ionized diluted media, based on the collisional polarization of the spectoral emission. The book provides a methodology of the impact spectropolarimetic sensing of many solutions to many practical diagnostic problems.

Overview

The first presentation of the novel interdisciplinary optical remote sensing technique for various ionized diluted media, based on the collisional polarization of the spectoral emission. The book provides a methodology of the impact spectropolarimetic sensing of many solutions to many practical diagnostic problems.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306458927
Publisher:
Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date:
09/06/2007
Series:
Physics of Atoms and Molecules Series
Pages:
374
Product dimensions:
0.88(w) x 6.14(h) x 9.21(d)

Table of Contents

Physical Introduction: Concepts, Phenomenology, Retrospectives, Applications
1(14)
Polarization of Atomic Ensembles in Ionized Media
1(1)
Polarization of Solar Flare Emission
2(2)
Impact Polarization
4(2)
Gas Discharge Studies
6(1)
Collisional Kinetics of Polarization
7(3)
Spectropolarimetric Sensing
10(1)
Polarization Effects in the Earth Atmosphere
11(4)
Polarization of a Photon Beam
15(14)
Introduction
15(1)
Wave Function of a Photon
15(3)
Momentum, Spin, and Parity of a Photon
18(2)
Rotation Matrix
20(3)
Spinors
23(2)
Relationship between the Polarization Direction and Characteristics of a Photon
25(1)
Relationship between Stokes Parameters and the Characteristics of an Optical Field
26(2)
Concluding Remarks
28(1)
Theory of Collisional Spectropolarimetric Effects
29(74)
Introduction
29(3)
Density Matrix of an Atomic Ensemble
32(3)
Polarization Density Matrix
35(2)
Polarization Moments of the Density Matrix
37(3)
Physical Meaning of Polarization Moments
40(4)
Polarization Moments and Spectral Characteristics of an Atomic Ensemble
44(4)
Density Matrix Relaxation Theory
48(6)
Collisional Evolution of Polarization Moments
54(6)
Interaction with an Electromagnetic Field
60(3)
Impact Alignment Cross Section
63(15)
Anisotropic Collisional Relaxation of Excited Hydrogen Atoms
78(14)
Spectropolarimetric Effects for Angular Correlation Experiments
92(10)
Concluding Remarks
102(1)
Fast Particle Collision with a Heavy Atomic Target
103(14)
Introduction
103(1)
Born Expansion of the Scattering Amplitude
104(4)
The Glauber Approximation
108(3)
The System of Impact Parameter Equations
111(5)
Concluding Remarks
116(1)
Theory of Anisotropic Collisional Relaxation
117(26)
Introduction
117(1)
Symmetry of the Collisional Relaxation Cross Section Matrix
118(2)
Rate Constants of Collisional Relaxation in Case of Partial Anisotropy
120(3)
Distribution Functions of Relative Velocities
123(5)
Collisional Relaxation of Polarization Moments under Intermultiplet Mixing
128(2)
Anisotropic Collisional Alignment of a Narrow Multiplet
130(3)
Anisotropic Relaxation and Polarization of Light
133(1)
Depolarizing Collisions with Charged Particles
134(8)
Concluding Remarks
142(1)
Theory of Charge Exchange Polarization
143(20)
Introduction
143(1)
Theory of an Electron in the Field of Two Coulomb Centers
144(8)
Distorted Wave Approximation Theory
152(2)
Pseudolevel Technique for Computing the Polarization of Ions
154(7)
Concluding Remarks
161(2)
Spectropolarimeters for Solar Problems
163(16)
Introduction
163(2)
Spectropolarimetric Techniques of Meudon Observatory (France)
165(4)
Polarimetric Observations in the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Ukraine)
169(3)
The Spectropolarimeter of the Institute of Solar and Terrestrial Physics (Irkutsk Russia)
172(2)
Solar Spectropolarimeter of Sacramento Peak Observatory (USA)
174(2)
Concluding Remarks
176(3)
Solar Flare Observations at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Ukraine)
179(12)
Introduction
179(1)
Technique of Observation and Data Processing
179(2)
Degree of Polarization along the Hydrogen Hα Line
181(6)
Spatial Distribution of the Degree of Polarization
187(2)
Orientation of the Polarization Plane
189(1)
Concluding Remarks
190(1)
Observations of Polarization Effects at the Irkutsk Institute of Solar and Terrestrial Physics (Russia)
191(12)
Introduction
191(1)
Spectropolarimetric Parameters of Hα and Hβ Lines for the Flare on 15.09.1981
192(2)
Spectropolarimetric Parameters of the Active Region 5669 (SGD) on 07.09.1989
194(1)
Detection of the Linear Polarization of the Flare on 16.05.1991
195(5)
Concluding Remarks
200(3)
Solar Flare Observations at Meudon Observatory (France)
203(18)
Introduction
203(1)
Linear Polarization of Emission of the Flare on 17.05.1980
204(2)
Spectropolarimetric Effects of the Flare on 15.07.1980
206(7)
Spectropolarimetric Features of Three Flares on 11.07.1982
213(2)
Polarization Effects of the Emission of Two Flares on 17.07.1982
215(4)
Concluding Remarks
219(2)
Spectropolarimetric Measurements of Mustaches
221(16)
Introduction
221(1)
Polarization of Emission of Mustaches near the Solar Limb
221(4)
Spectropolarimetric Measurements of Mustaches with an Hα Filter
225(4)
Improved Spectropolarimetric Observations of Mustaches on 14.11.1985
229(2)
Observations of Mustaches at Baikal Astrophysical Observatory
231(3)
Observations of Mustaches at Sacramento Peak Observatory
234(1)
Concluding Remarks
235(2)
Methodology of Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing
237(50)
Introduction
237(2)
Spectropolarimetric Sensing Using Ground-Based Observations
239(7)
Role of the Solar Magnetic Field
246(14)
Linear Polarization of Hα and Hβ Hydrogen Lines in the Born Approximation
260(6)
Linear Polarization of the Hα Hydrogen Line in the Glauber Approximation
266(3)
Linear Polarization of Hα and Hβ Hydrogen Lines by the Impact Parameter Method
269(8)
Linear Polarization of the Lα Hydrogen Line
277(6)
Concluding Remarks
283(4)
Impact Spectropolarimetric Diagnostics of Nonthermal Phenomena in the Solar Atmosphere
287(58)
Introduction
287(2)
Energy Transport into the Chromospheric Region of a Solar Flare
289(10)
Determination of Proton Energy for the Flare on 16.05.1991
299(15)
Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing for the Flare on 15.09.1981
314(16)
Impact Spectropolarimetric Sensing of Mustaches
330(13)
Concluding Remarks
343(2)
Conclusions
345(2)
References 347(8)
Index 355

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