The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

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The fight between North and South over intellectual property (IP) reached new heights in the 1990s. In one corner, large multinational companies and developed countries sought to protect their investments. Opposing them, developing countries argued for the time and scope to pursue development strategies unshackled by rules forged to bolster the competitiveness of richer countries. The result was the WTO's deeply contested Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Widely resented by developing countries, TRIPS nonetheless permits them some hard-won flexibility. Puzzling, however, is why some developing countries have used that flexibility and others have not. Even more curious is that many of the poorest countries have made least use of the room for manouevre, despite securing some extra concessions.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199587476
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 8/15/2011
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Carolyn Deere is the Director of the Global Trade Governance Project at the Global Economic Governance Programme, University College, Oxford University. She is also a Senior Research Associate at Oxford University's Centre for International Studies, founder and Chair of the Board of Intellectual Property Watch—the leading news service on international intellectual property policymaking, and Resident Scholar at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) in Geneva, Switzerland. Dr. Deere's publications include Greening the Americas: NAFTA's Lessons for Hemispheric Trade (co-edited with Dan Esty).

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Table of Contents

List of Figure and Tables

1 The TRIPS implementation game: a fight for ideas 1

2 Developing countries in the global IP system 34

3 Variation in TRIPS implementation (1995-2007) 64

4 Post-TRIPS tensions and global IP debates 113

5 International pressures on developing countries 150

6 The developing country dimension: how national politics mattered 196

7 TRIPS implementation in Francophone Africa 240

8 The implementation game and the variation puzzle 303

App. 1 Selection of interviews 325

App. 2 Timeline of international IP agreements 330

App. 3 Examples of increase in IP standards in developing country WTO members from 1988 to 2007 331

App. 4 Variation in use of copyright flexibilities by selected developing country WTO members in the Asia-Pacific 333

App. 5 Examples of developing countries with bilateral agreements that included IP provisions 335

App. 6 Variation in TRIPS-plus provisions of selected U.S. FTAs 338

App. 7 U.S. Special 301 pressure on developing country WTO members and WTO disputes filed (1995-2007) 341

Bibliography 343

Index 396

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