Improving Health through Nursing Research / Edition 1

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Improving Health through Nursing Research is a practical guide to research and research utilisation in nursing. The book draws upon international expertise in nursing research, reflecting the worldwide demand for evidence-based practice. Part one offers a global perspective on health and nursing and addresses the development of nursing knowledge and nursing theory. Part two investigates the underlying need for nursing research, focusing on improving patient care, enhancing care delivery and developing the profession of nursing. Parts three and four provide an overview of quantitative and qualitative research methods, their selection, use and interpretation . The last three parts of the book address key issues in research ethics and provide practical guidance as to how to prepare a research proposal, undertake research, present and publish findings, and translate research into practice. Improving Health through Nursing Research;
• Is a practical, accessible guide for nurse researchers and nurses with an interest in research
• Draws upon international expertise in nursing research
• Explores research within the international context
• Explores issues at local, national and regional level
• Provides guidelines for developing research
• Includes global examples This publication in partnership with the International Council of Nurses is the essential resource for nurses seeking to understand research and research utilisation.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Diane M Tomasic, EdD, RN (Slippery Rock University )
Description: An international group of nurse researchers discuss various aspects of the research process in this compilation.
Purpose: The purpose is to help readers develop a better understanding of nursing science and develop research skills. It is important that nurses see the value of research as it impacts patient outcomes.
Audience: The target audience includes both nurse researchers and nurses interested in research. The author is an expert in the field and the international contributors present a global perspective.
Features: An introduction to nursing science and theory begins the book, and part 2 builds a basis for evidence-based practice. Part 3 is overview of quantitative research, and part 4 covers qualitative research. Part 5 focuses on conducting research in clinical and academic settings, and part 6 discusses translating research findings into practice and the challenges of evidence-based practice.
Assessment: The editor refers to this as an introductory research book. It does provide a beginning understanding of nursing research, but readers need to consult a traditional research book for more details on the steps of the research process.
From the Publisher
"The target audience includes both nurse researchers and nurses interested in research. The author is an expert in the field and the international contributors present a global perspective." (Doody's, 19 August 2011)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405134118
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/9/2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

William L. Holzemer is Professor and Dean, College of Nursing, Rutgers University, member Board of Directors of the International Council of Nurses, and Editor of the Japanese Journal of Nursing Science (a Blackwell Publishing Journal).

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors



Part 1 Nursing science and global health

1 Global perspectives on health and nursing

Barbara Parfitt, Flora Cornish & Linda Ferguson


Global priorities for health

Health systems and the health care workforce

International organizations and development aid


Notes and References

2 Building knowledge

Sally H. Rankin & William W. Rankin

Knowledge development in science

Modern philosophy and its influence on science

Twentieth century philosophy of science

Postmodern philosophy’s influence on nursing science



3 Theory and nursing science

Carmen J. Portillo & William L. Holzemer


Types of theory

Components of theory

Nursing definitions and theory


Note and References

Part 2 Nursing research: making a difference in people’s lives

4 Improving patient care

Suzanne Willard

Nursing research and clinical practice

Symptom management

Disease prevention

End-of-life care

Pain management



5 Enhancing care delivery

Mary A. Blegen & Julaluk Baramee


The nurse supply

Measuring performance, productivity, and value

Determining the right provider mix


Care quality and safety


Notes and References

6 Building professional nursing

June Webber


From early industrialization to market domination

Building the nursing profession

Autonomy through knowledge, self-regulation, and affiliation

Building the profession globally

A new nursing globalism



7 Defining the research problem

Junko Tashiro & William L. Holzemer

Identifying problems for research

Sources of problems

Conducting a literature review


Notes and References

Part 3 Quantitative research

8 Introduction to quantitative research

Erika Sivarajan Froelicher & Kawkab Shishani



Principles of causality


Co-variates: confounding or modifying?

Parametric and non-parametric analytical methods

Research designs



9 Sampling

William L. Holzemer


Types of sampling

Sampling error

Estimating sample size

Sample loss

Random selection of subjects



10 Selecting instruments for research

Julita Sansoni


Selecting or developing an instrument

Standardized instruments

Cultural comparability

Instrument translation

Assessing available tools



11 Experimental research designs

John Arudo

Randomized controlled trials

Hypothesis testing

Other research designs

Threats to design validity



12 Research critique

Jeanne K. Kemppainen



A substruction example

Substruction limitations

Outcomes Model for Health Care Research


Note and References

13 Preparing data for analysis

Dean Wantland


Developing and storing data

Developing a code book

Missing data

Cleaning data to ascertain accuracy

Instrument scoring

Assessing normal distribution

Longitudinal intervention studies

Preliminary data analysis



Part 4 Qualitative research

14 Interpretative research methods

Minrie Greeff


Research questions


Sampling and data saturation

Textual analyses


Note and References

15 Interpretative data management and analysis

Roberta S. Rehm


Underlying paradigms

Interpretive methods and procedures

Data analysis

Rigor and integrity


Note and References

16 Preparing qualitative data for analysis

Teri Lindgran


Collection, transcription, and management

Preparing data for analysis

Manual versus digital analysis techniques


Notes and References

Part 5 Research ethics

17 Responsible conduct of research

William L. Holzemer

Ethics in nursing research and practice

Scientific integrity

Responsible conduct of research


Notes and References

Part 6 Research support

18 Writing a research proposal

Karen H. Sousa & Marjolein M. Iversen


Preparatory work

Writing the proposal

Components of a proposal

Evaluation criteria

Finishing touches


Note and References

19 Planning and managing a research project

Sarie Human



The primary investigator’s role

Assembling and managing a team

Data ownership

Informed consent

Interdisciplinary collaboration

Chalenges in nursing research


Further reading

20 Presenting and publishing research findings

Leana R. Uys


Audiences for research findings

Forms of presentation


Note and References

21 Facilitating nursing research

Lauren S. Aaronson & William L. Holzemer


Resource centers for nursing research


Notes and References

Part 7 Translating research to practice

22 Information and communication technology infrastructure for evidence-based practice

Suzanne Bakken, Leanne M. Currie & Ritamarie John


Infrastructure for evidence-based practice

Sample infrastructure uses in nursing


Note and References

23 Translating research into practice

Cornelia Ruland


Systematic literature reviews

Practice-based evidence

Evidence-based, shared decision-making between caregivers and patients

Evidence-based symptom management

Evidence-based self-management of illness


Notes and References


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