Improving on the Job Training: How to Establish and Operate a Comprehensive OJT Program / Edition 2

Improving on the Job Training: How to Establish and Operate a Comprehensive OJT Program / Edition 2

by William J. Rothwell, H. C. Kazanas
     
 

No matter what type of organization you work for—an elite Fortune 500 company or a start-up business operating on a shoestring—most of your workplace training will take place in real time and on the job. While most organizations appreciate the value of OJT, they often lack the staff, internal expertise, and other resources to conduct planned training or… See more details below

Overview

No matter what type of organization you work for—an elite Fortune 500 company or a start-up business operating on a shoestring—most of your workplace training will take place in real time and on the job. While most organizations appreciate the value of OJT, they often lack the staff, internal expertise, and other resources to conduct planned training or maintain a staff of training professionals.

This second edition of the best-selling book, Improving On-The-Job Training, provides professional trainers, HR managers, and line managers a hands-on resource for installing a low-cost, low tech approach to planned on-the-job training program that will improve real-time work performance throughout an entire organization. A comprehensive volume, Improving On-The-Job Training

  • Offers guidelines for establishing an OJT program.
  • Outlines the key management issues that should be addressed when starting up a program.
  • Describes effective methods of training the trainers and learners.
  • Shows how to identify the need for plan ned on-the-job-training.
  • Explains how to analyze work, worker, and workplace OJT.
  • Offers vital information for preparing and presenting on-the-job training.
  • Illustrates how to evaluate results of OJT.
  • Describes aids to planned on-the-job training.
  • Includes six valuable lessons about planned OJT programs.

Created to be a practical resource, the book contains in-house training on OJT, a glossary that defines key terms, and a list of references for future use. The book also includes a CD-ROM that contains the book’s worksheets and a train-the-trainer workshop with reproducible slides, a participant guide, and a leader guide.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780787965051
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
04/23/2004
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
7.22(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.93(d)

Related Subjects

Meet the Author

William J. Rothwell is professor in charge of workforce learning and performance in the Workforce Education and Development Program in the Department of Learning & Performance Systems, College of Education, The Pennsylvania State University. He is co-editor of Practicing Organization Development, and author of The Action Learning Guidebook, from Pfeiffer.

H.C. Kazanas is professor emeritus of education at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and now resides in Naples, Florida.
Rothwell and Kazanas are the co-authors of Mastering the Instructional Design Process, 3rd edition from Pfeiffer.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures, and Exhibits xi

Contents of the CD-ROM xiii

Introduction: Getting the Most From This Resource xiv

Why Improve OTJ? xv

Purpose xvii

Overview of the Contents xvii

Pretest: Does Your Organization Need a Planned On-the-Job Training Program? xix

The Pretest xix

Scoring and Interpreting the Pretest xxi

PART ONE: FOUNDATIONS OF OJT: Building an Effective Organizational Climate to Support OJT 1

1 The Benefits of Effective On-the-Job Training 3

Unplanned OJT: A Case Study 4

Importance of OJT 5

Coaching, Mentoring, and OJT 7

A Short History of Planned OJT 8

Research on Planned OJT 9

Barriers to OJT 11

Surmounting Barriers to OJT 12

Summary 13

2 Building the Right Foundation: From Identifying Goals to Establishing an Action Plan 14

Determine Program Purpose 14

Clarify Program Goals and Objectives 17

Identify Program Customers 18

Formulate Program Policy and Philosophy 19

Develop Program Action Plan and Schedule 10

Summary 20

3 Ensuring Sound Management and Consistent Results 21

Oversight Responsibility 21

Rewards and Incentives 23

Budgeting and Funding 25

Record Keeping 26

Summary 27

4 Preparing Trainers and Learners 28

Training the Trainers 28

Training the Learners 35

Summary 41

PART TWO: PREPARING AND DELIVERING OJT 43

5 Discovering Needs: How to Determine When OJT Is Appropriate 45

The DAPPER Model 45

Questions That Determine OJT Needs 46

Summary 57

6 Analyzing Work, Worker, and Workplace: How to Fit the Training to the Job 59

Work Analysis 59

Worker Analysis 69

Workplace Analysis 74

Summary 74

7 Preparing the Training Plan: How to Develop the Right Sequence of Activities 76

Steps for Preparing OJT 76

Designing Instructional Materials 80

Summary 93

8 Presenting the Training: How to Conduct the OJT Session 96

Desirable Characteristics of Trainers and Learners 96

Steps Governing OJT Presentation 98

Summary 102

9 Evaluating Results: How to Assess Post-Training Job Performance 104

OJT and Kirkpatrick’s Levels of Evaluation 104

Level 1: Evaluating Reactions 105

Level 2: Evaluating Learning 108

Level 3: Evaluating Behavioral Change 111

Level 4: Evaluating Organizational Results 114

OJT and the Balanced Scorecard 118

Summary 118

10 Reviewing Aids and Alternatives to OJT: How to Ensure the Right Mix of Performance Interventions 119

Determining Whether an Aid or Alternative Is Needed 119

Aids to OJT 120

Additional Tools to Support OJT 128

Researching Corporate Culture-Specific Competency Development Strategies 134

Summary 139

PART THREE: REFLECTIONS ON OJT 141

11 Six Important Success Factors for Comprehensive OJT Programs 143

Success Factor 1: Avoid Discrimination in OJT 143

Success Factor 2: Enlist the Participation of Key People 144

Success Factor 3: Encourage the Preparation of Current Job Descriptions—But Plan for the Future 145

Success Factor 4: Integrate Internship, Cooperative Education, and Apprenticeship Programs with OJT 145

Success Factor 5: Establish Measurable Job Performance Standards and Objectives and Link Them to OJT 148

Success Factor 6: Plan for Cross-Training and Multiskilling 149

Glossary 153

References 156

About the Authors 167

Index 169

How to Use the CD-ROM 177

Pfeiffer Publications Guide 179

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