Improving School Leadership Through Support, Evaluation, and Incentives: The Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program [NOOK Book]

Overview


This report examines Pittsburgh Public Schools' implementation and outcomes of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program from school years 2007-2008 through 2010-2011, how principals and other school staff have responded to the reforms, and what outcomes accompanied program implementation.
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Improving School Leadership Through Support, Evaluation, and Incentives: The Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program

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Overview


This report examines Pittsburgh Public Schools' implementation and outcomes of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program from school years 2007-2008 through 2010-2011, how principals and other school staff have responded to the reforms, and what outcomes accompanied program implementation.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780833076328
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation
  • Publication date: 6/25/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 152
  • File size: 9 MB

Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures ix

Tables xi

Summary xiii

Acknowledgments xxv

Abbreviations xxvii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

What We Know About Relationships Between School Leadership and Student Achievement 3

The Need for New Systems for Evaluating Principals 6

Evaluation Questions 8

Organization of This Report 9

Chapter 2 Data Sources and Analytic Approach 11

Data Sources 12

Principal Surveys 12

Coach Surveys 14

Teacher Survey 15

Interviews with Building-Level Staff 16

Interviews and Email Communications with District-Level Staff and External Consultants 18

Reviews of Documentation 18

Principals' Scores on the Administrators' Performance Standard Rubric 19

Student Data 19

Analytic Approach 19

Principal, Coach, and Teacher Survey Data 19

Factor Analysis 20

Interviews with Building-Level Staff 20

District Interviews and Document Review 21

Rubric, Achievement, and Bonus Data 21

Method for Linking and Jointly Analyzing Rubric and Achievement Data 21

Limitations 22

Chapter 3 District Context and Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program Theory of Action 23

District Context and Related Reforms 23

Theory of Action Overview 27

Interventions for Building Capacity 29

Professional Development to Improve Leadership 29

Evaluation and Feedback 31

Mechanisms for Evaluation 31

Mechanisms for Feedback: Assistant Superintendent Coaching 33

Mechanisms for Feedback: Teaching and Learning Teams 33

Incentives 34

Salary Increment 34

Achievement Bonus 34

Determination of Bonus Award Amounts 39

Impact on Principals 41

Impact on Schools 42

Impact on Classrooms and Students 42

Chapter 4 Capacity-Building Interventions 43

Professional Development 43

Evaluation and Feedback 47

Incentives 50

Summary of Key Findings 55

Chapter 5 Principals' Leadership Practices, Principals' Skills, and School- and Classroom-Level Responses to the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program 57

Changes in Principals' Leadership Practices and Skills 57

Principals' Practices 57

Principals' Perceptions of Their Skills and Need for Support 60

Other Staff Perceptions of Principals' Leadership 60

Perceived Role of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program 63

School- and Classroom-Level Changes 64

In-School Professional Development 64

Incorporating Data into Instructional Leadership 65

Teaching and Learning Teams 66

Changes in Classrooms 67

Summary 69

Chapter 6 Principals' Performance on Rubric and Achievement Measures 71

Principals' Performance on the Evaluation Rubric 71

Principals' Performance on the Achievement Bonus Measures 79

Bonus Payments and Principals' Mobility 85

Summary 87

Chapter 7 Student Achievement Trends 89

Achievement Trends 89

Addressing Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Achievement Gaps 95

Summary 104

Chapter 8 Key Findings and Recommendations 105

Key Findings 105

What Is the District's Theory of Action Regarding How the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program Is Expected to Promote Improved Student Outcomes? 105

How Were the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program Capacity-Building Interventions Implemented, and How Have Principals Responded to Them? 106

In What Ways Did Principals' Skills and Practices Change over the Course of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program? 108

What Conditions Changed at the School and Classroom Levels over the Course of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program? 108

How Did Principals Perform on the Rubric and Bonus Measures, and How Was Performance Related to Principal Mobility? 109

How Did Student Achievement Change During the Course of the Pittsburgh Principal Incentive Program, and How Did Racial and Socioeconomic Gaps Change? 111

Recommendations 112

Recommendations for Evaluation System and Measure Development 112

Recommendations for Implementation 115

Conclusion 117

References 119

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