Improving Test Performance of Students With Disabilities...On District and State Assessments / Edition 2

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This indispensable resource enables all educators to help students with disabilities learn more effectively and show what they know on the day of the test.
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Editorial Reviews

Thomas Hehir

"There are no more capable people to advise school districts on improving academic performance of children with disabilities than Judy Elliott and Martha Thurlow. This book, therefore, is the definitive resource for all who are struggling to meet the challenges put forth first by IDEA 97 and now by NCLB. Simply put this is a 'must have' resource. Elliott and Thurlow have combined the most recent research with practical recommendations that go beyond improving test performance to provide the basis upon which real educational equity can be achieved for students with disabilities."

Ronald K. Felton
"This is a practical and accessible guide to improving the measurement of performance of students with disabilities that also provides concrete and research-based strategies for the inclusion of students with specialized instructional needs in the general education classroom. This is a book that should be within reach of classroom teachers and school administrators as they strive to provide effective instruction that yields measureable results."
Christine Dominguez
"Improving Test Performance of Students with Disabilities is a refreshing "can do" approach, grounded in research and best practice, that addresses effective instruction and proactive use of accommodations and data analysis. It is filled with resources and "how to" techniques. Given the current landscape of test scores and instruction, this book is a must have resource for any educator's professional library."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412917285
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 8/4/2005
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 232
  • Product dimensions: 8.25 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.49 (d)

Meet the Author

Martha L. Thurlow, Ph.D., is Director of the National Center on Educational Outcomes in the Institute on Community Integration (University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities) at the University of Minnesota. In this position, she addresses the implications of contemporary U.S. policy and practice for students with disabilities and English Language Learners, including national and statewide assessment policies and practices, standards-setting efforts, and graduation requirements. Dr. Thurlow has conducted research for the past 35 years in a variety of areas, including assessment and decision making, learning disabilities, early childhood education, dropout prevention, effective classroom instruction, and integration of students with disabilities in general education settings. She has published extensively on all of these topics, and also recently completed serving as co-Editor with Bob Algozzine of Exceptional Children, the research journal of the Council for Exceptional Children. Dr. Thurlow is a co-author of several books, including Testing Students with Disabilities, Improving Test Performance of Students with Disabilities, Alternate Assessments for Students with Disabilities, and Critical Issues in Special Education. Dr. Thurlow was one of the original developers of the dropout prevention program Check and Connect, which was empirically tested, and replicated in several settings. She is the author of numerous reports, journal articles and chapters on the topic of dropouts and dropout prevention, and also addresses the dropout problem within the current context of federal legislation, high stakes testing, and standards-based education.

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Table of Contents

About the Authors
1. Maximizing the Performance of Students With Disabilities
Incorporating Standards Into Assessment and Instruction
Using Data to Drive Assessment and Instruction
Making Good Decisions About Accommodations
Helping the Student Prepare for Testing
Addressing the Needs of IEP/ELLs
Improving Test Performance on the General Assessment Through Instruction
Improving Performance on the Alternate Assessment Through Instruction
Generating Parent Support – and the Support of Others, Too
Test Your Knowledge
Internet Resources
2. Standards-Based Assessment and Instruction
Changing the Tide
Where is Lake Wobegon, Anyway?
Trademarks of a Standards-Based Classroom
Aligning IEPs With Standards
Linking the IEP to Standards
Content Standard: Reading
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
3. Using Data to Drive Instruction
Opportunities and Challenges
Basic Data to Know
Case Study Discussion
Questions You Should Be Asking, Answers You Should Know
Principals/District Site Administrators
Board Members
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
Chapters 1-3. Self Check: Where Do I Stand?
4. Making Sound Accommodations Decisions
Opinions Versus Research-Based Knowledge on Accommodations
Court Cases and Settlements
Considerations in Making Decisions About Accommodations
Considerations in Making Decisions About Accommodations
Steps to Take in Identifying Accommodations for Individual Students
Rolling Classroom Accommodations into District and State Assessments
A Word About Technology Accommodations
A Word About Technology Accommodations
A Word About Technology Accommodations
Non-Approved Accommodations
Alternative Route to Diploma or Promotion
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
5. Preparing Students for Testing
Causes and Considerations
Assessment Literacy
Setting Goals, Targets, and Expectations
Preparing Daily for the Test
Helping Students Become Advocates for Their Own Testing Needs
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
6. Addressing the Needs of IEP/ELLs
Who Are IEP/ELLs?
Participation of IEP/ELLS in District and State Assessments
Assessment Performance
Instruction for IEP/ELLS
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
Chapters 4-6. Self-Check: Where Do I Stand?
7. Improving Performance on General Assessment Through Instruction
Where the Rubber Meets the Road
The Realities
The Million Dollar Question
Preparing for Instruction: The Planning Pyramid
What Do We Know About Effective Instruction?
Improving Student Performance: A Model of Effective Instruction
Planning Instruction
Managing Instruction
Delivering Instruction
Evaluating Instruction
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
8. Improving Performance on Alternate Assessments Through Instruction
Federal Requirements That Guide Alternate Assessments
What We Knew Then
Where We Are Now
What Has Changed
High Standards for Learning for Alternate Assessment Students
The Impact of Alternate Assessment on Instruction
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
9. Parent Support for Student Performance
Informing Parents About Tests
Equipping Parents to Make Good Participation and Accommodation Decisions
Helping Parents Understand Test Results
Understanding General Test Results
Understanding Their Child’s Test Results
Test Your Knowledge
Reflections on Change
Internet Resources
Chapters 7-9. Self Check: Where Do I Stand?
Appendix A: Reflection on Change
Appendix B: Technical Assistance and Dissemination Networks
Figures and Reproducible Forms
Box 1.1: Key Elements of IDEA 97 and NCLB
Box 1.2: Assumptions About Including Students With Disabilities
Box 2.1: Examples of Content and Performance Standards
Box 2.2: IEP Format Linking District Standards and Student Annual Goals
Box 2.3: Steps for Unpacking Standards
Box 2.4: Bloom’s Taxonomy
Box 2.5: A Framework for Unpacking Standards
Box 2.6: Unpacking Standards: Supporting the Process
Box 3.1: Strategies for Success (SFS) Overview
Box 3.2: SFS Grade Results
Box 3.3: Reading Program Comparison
Box 3.4: A Case Study
Box 4.1: Examples of Six Types of Assessment Accommodations
Box 4.2: Kyle’s Access to the General Education Curriculum With and Without Accommodations
Box 4.3: Summary of Selected Research Syntheses on Accommodations
Box 4.4: Common Instructional Accommodations, A-Z
Form 4.1: Classroom Accommodations Worksheet
Box 4.6: Student Accommodations Questionnaire
Box 4.7: Tracking the Effects of Accommodations
Box 4.8: Case Study on Tracking the Effects of Accommodations
Form 4.2: Form to Determine Links Between Classroom Accommodations, Classroom Testing Accommodations, and State or District Testing Accommodations
Box 4.9: Case Study on Making Accommodations Decisions for Instruction and Testing
Box 4.10: Case Study on Planning Accommodations
Box 5.1: Self Regulation and Time Management
Box 5.2: Selected Assessment Terminology and Definitions
Box 5.3: Points to Make in discussing the Purpose of State and District Assessments
Box 5.4: Example of a Test Matrix for a “Typical” Standards-Based State Test
Box 5.5: Example of a Test Matrix for a “Typical” Norm-Referenced Test
Box 5.6: Partial Test Matrix Analysis
Box 5.7: Considering the Unique Needs of Students Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
Box 5.8: Common Test Vocabulary Terms
Box 5.9: Suggestions for Answering Different Types of Questions
Box 5.10: Self-Regulation and Time Management
Box 6.1: Clarification of Terminology
Box 6.2: Percentages of All IEP Students and IEP/ELLs by Category
Box 6.3: Examples of Linguistic Accommodations
Box 6.4: Considerations for Assessing LEP Students
Box 6.5: Strategies Identified as Important for IEP/ELLs
Box 7.1: Instructional Planning Pyramid
Box 7.2: Guiding Questions for the Planning Pyramid
Box 7.3: Some Research-Based Findings on Characteristics of Effective Instruction
Box 7.4: Components of Effective Instruction
Box 7.5: Deciding What to Teach: Think About It
Box 7.6: How to Teach: Think About It
Box 7.7: Communicate Realistic Expectations: Think About It
Box 7.8: Prepare for Instruction: Think About It
Box 7.9: Use Time Productively: Think About It
Box 7.10: Establishing a Positive Classroom Environment: Think About It
Box 7.11: Presenting Information: Think About It
Box 7.12: Monitoring Presentations: Think About It
Box 7.13: Adjusting Presentations: Think About It
Box 7.14: Monitor Student Understanding: Think About It
Box 7.15: Monitoring Engaged Time: Think About It
Box 7.16: Keep Records of Student Progress: Think About It
Box 7.17: Use Data to Make Decisions: Think About It
Box 8.1: Federal Documents that Clarify Alternate Assessments Performance Benchmarks
Box 8.2: Definitions of Basic Terms Used in Relation to Alternate Assessment
Box 8.3: Examples of Standards of Learning for Alternate Assessments in Massachusetts
Box 8.4: Examples of Instructional Idea, Strategies, and Entry Points in Massachusetts
Box 8.5: Selections From High School Course Outline
Box 9.1: A Parent Version of a Test Matrix
Box 9.2: Excerpt from Federation of Families Report
Box 9.3: Parent Questions and Answers About State and District Assessments
Box 9.4: NRTs Versus CRTs and Standards-Based Assessments
Box 9.5: Resource Centers and Materials for Parents
Box 9.6: Guide for Translating Testing Terminology for Parents
Box 9.7: Example of Information Presented in State Report
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