In a Perfect Ocean: The State of Fisheries and Ecosystems in the North Atlantic Ocean / Edition 2

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Overview

<p>Recent decades have been marked by the decline or collapse of one fishery after another around the world, from swordfish in the North Atlantic to orange roughy in the South Pacific. While the effects of a collapse on local economies and fishing-dependent communities have generated much discussion, little attention has been paid to its impacts on the overall health of the ocean's ecosystems.<p>In a Perfect Ocean: The State of Fisheries and Ecosystems in the North Atlantic Ocean presents the first empirical assessment of the status of ecosystems in the North Atlantic ocean. Drawing on a wide range of studies including original research conducted for this volume, the authors analyze 14 large marine ecosystems to provide an indisputable picture of an ocean whose ecology has been dramatically altered, resulting in a phenomenon described by the authors as "fishing down the food web." The book:<ul><li>provides a snapshot of the past health of the North Atlantic and compares it to its present status<li>presents a rigorous scientific assessment based on the key criteria of fisheries catches, biomass, and trophic level<li>considers the factors that have led to the current situation<li>describes the policy options available for halting the decline<li>offers recommendations for restoring the North Atlantic</ul>An original and powerful series of maps and charts illustrate where the effects of overfishing are the most pronounced and highlight the interactions among various factors contributing to the overall decline of the North Atlantic's ecosystems.<p>This is the first in a series of assessments by the world's leading marine scientists, entitled "In a Perfect Ocean." The State of Fisheries and Ecosystems in the North Atlantic Ocean is a landmark study, the first of its kind to make a comprehensive, ecosystem-based assessment of the North Atlantic Ocean, and will be essential reading for policymakers at the state, national, and international level concerned with fisheries management, as well for scientists, researchers, and activists concerned with marine issues or fishing and the fisheries industry.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781559633246
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • Publication date: 10/26/2002
  • Series: The State of the World's Oceans Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Daniel Pauly is the principal investigator for the Sea Around Us Project, sponsored by the Pew Charitable Trusts and based at the Fisheries Centre of the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. Jay Maclean is an independent writer and marine biologist based in the Philippines.
 

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Table of Contents

List of Figures and Maps
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 A Brief History of the North Atlantic and Its Resources 1
Past Abundance in the North Atlantic 5
Development of the North Atlantic Fisheries 10
Effects of Technology 17
The Importance of Understanding the Past 19
2 The Decline of North Atlantic Fisheries 23
How Much Fish is Being Caught? 29
Fishing Effort and Related Indices 33
Impacts on Biomass and Ecosystems 43
Report Card for an Impoverished Ocean 61
3 How Did We Get Here? 63
A Conceptual Failure 63
Distorted Economics 66
Ineffective Governance 75
Institutions and Equity 89
4 What to Do? 91
Reducing Fishing Effort 94
Transforming the Market 104
Transforming Governance 110
Recommendations: Leaning on the Firewall Between Science and Advocacy 116
Notes 121
References 153
Acronyms 165
Index 167
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