In Defense of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy / Edition 1by J. Baird Callicott
Pub. Date: 02/09/1989
Publisher: State University of New York Press
In Defense of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy brings into a single volume J. Baird Callicott’s decade-long effort to articulate, defend, and extend the seminal environmental philosophy of Aldo Leopold. A leading voice in this new field, Callicott sounds the depths of the proverbial iceberg, the tip of which is “The Land Ethic.”
“The Land Ethic,” Callicott argues, is traceable to the moral psychology of David Hume and Charles Darwin’s classical account of the origin and evolution of Hume’s moral sentiments. Leopold adds an ecological vision of organic nature to these foundations.
How can an evolutionary and ecological environmental ethic bridge the gap between is and ought? How may wholesspecies, ecosystems, and the biosphere itselfbe the direct objects of moral concern? How may the intrinsic value of nonhuman natural entities and nature as a whole be justified?
In addition to confronting and resolving these distinctly philosophical queries, Callicott engages in lively debate with proponents of animal liberation and rightsfinally to achieve an integrated theory of animal welfare and environmental ethics. He critically discusses the land ethic that is alleged to have prevailed among traditional American Indian peoples and points toward a new and equally revolutionary environmental aesthetic.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgements
Introduction: The Real Work
I. Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics
1. Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair
2. Review of Tom Regan, The Case for Animal Rights
3. Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Back Together Again
II. A Holistic Environmental Ethic
4. Elements of an Environmental Ethic: Moral Considerability and the Biotic Community
5. The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic
6. The Metaphysical Implications of Ecology
III. A Non-anthropocentric Value Theory for Environmental Ethics
7. Hume's Is/Ought Dichotomy and the Relation of Ecology to Leopold's Land Ethic
8. On the Intrinsic Value of Nonhuman Species
9. Intrinsic Value, Quantum Theory, and Environmental Ethics
IV. American Indian Environmental Ethics
10. Traditional American Indian and Western European Attitudes Toward Nature: An Overview
11. American Indian Land Wisdom?: Sorting Out the Issues
V. Envrionmental Education, Natural Aesthetics, and E.T.
12. Aldo Leopold on Education, as Educator, and His Land Ethic in the Context of Contemporary Environmental Education
13. Leopold's Land Aesthetic
14. Moral Considerability and Extraterrestrial Life
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