In God's Name: Genocide and Religion in the Twentieth Century / Edition 1

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Despite the widespread trends of secularization in the 20th century, religion has played an important role in several outbreaks of genocide since the First World War. And yet, not many scholars have looked either at the religious aspects of modern genocide, or at the manner in which religion has taken a position on mass killing. This collection of essays addresses this hiatus by examining the intersection between religion and state-organized murder in the cases of the Armenian, Jewish, Rwandan, and Bosnian genocides. Rather than a comprehensive overview, it offers a series of descrete, yet closely related case studies, that shed light on three fundamental aspects of this issue: the use of religion to legitimize and motivate genocide; the potential of religious faith to encourage physical and spiritual resistance to mass murder; and finally, the role of religion in coming to terms with the legacy of atrocity.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781571813022
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/1/2001
  • Series: War and Genocide Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.85 (d)

Meet the Author

Omer Bartov is John P. Birkelund Distinguished Professor of History at Brown University. He was a Visiting Fellow at the Davis Center, Princeton University, and a Junior Fellow at Harvard's Society of Fellows. Phyllis Mack is Professor of History, Director of Graduate Studies and has been Acting Director of the Institute for Research on Women at the Rutgers Center for Historical Analysis.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Pt. I The Perpetrators: Theology and Practice
Ch. 1 Religion, Ethnicity, and Nationalism: Armenians, Turks, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 23
Ch. 2 Genocide, Religion, and Gerhard Kittel: Protestant Theologians Face the Third Reich 62
Ch. 3 When Jesus Was an Aryan: The Protestant Church and Antisemitic Propaganda 79
Ch. 4 A Pure Conscience Is Good Enough: Bishop von Galen and Resistance to Nazism 106
Ch. 5 Between God and Hitler: German Military Chaplains and the Crimes of the Third Reich 123
Ch. 6 Christian Churches and Genocide in Rwanda 139
Ch. 7 The Churches and the Genocide in the East African Great Lakes Region 161
Ch. 8 Kosovo Mythology and the Bosnian Genocide 180
II Survival: Rescuers and Victims
Ch. 9 The Absorption of Armenian Women and Children into Muslim Households As a Structural Component of the Armenian Genocide 209
Ch. 10 Transcending Boundaries: Hungarian Roman Catholic Religious Women and the "Persecuted Ones" 222
Ch. 11 Denial and Defiance in the Work of Rabbi Regina Jonas 243
Ch. 12 A Personal Account 259
III Aftermath: Politics, Faith, and Representation
Ch. 13 Zionist and Israeli Attitudes Toward the Armenian Genocide 267
Ch. 14 Faith, Religious Practices, and Genocide: Armenians and Jews in France following World War I and II 289
Ch. 15 Orthodox Jewish Thought in the Wake of the Holocaust: Tamim Pa'alo of 1947 316
Ch. 16 Jewish-American Artists and the Holocaust: The Responses of Two Generations 342
Ch. 17 The Journey to Poland 350
Conclusion 372
List of Contributors 384
Index 389
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