In Search of Swampland: A Wetland Sourcebook and Field Guide / Edition 2

In Search of Swampland: A Wetland Sourcebook and Field Guide / Edition 2

by Ralph Tiner
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813536812

ISBN-13: 9780813536811

Pub. Date: 10/15/2005

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

In the revised and expanded edition of this classic guide, Ralph W. Tiner introduces readers to the ecology and beauty of the wetlands in eastern North America. Topics include their formation and functions, wetland types, causes of loss and degradation, and recent efforts to protect them. The discussion now includes many examples from the Great Lakes region and…  See more details below

Overview

In the revised and expanded edition of this classic guide, Ralph W. Tiner introduces readers to the ecology and beauty of the wetlands in eastern North America. Topics include their formation and functions, wetland types, causes of loss and degradation, and recent efforts to protect them. The discussion now includes many examples from the Great Lakes region and information on best management practices for working in and around wetlands, including vernal pools. A new chapter on classification and assessment further clarifies how the unique characteristics of these important natural resources serve specific functions.

In Search of Swampland also provides a field guide to wetland plants, soils, and animals. It includes detailed descriptions and illustrations-many of which are new to this edition-of more than 300 plants and 200 animals. Clear identification keys, information on how to distinguish typical hydric or "wet" soils from dryland soils, and general procedures for identifying wetlands in the field make this book an indispensable resource for readers with little or no training in wetland science, as well as for the scientist or amateur naturalist.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813536811
Publisher:
Rutgers University Press
Publication date:
10/15/2005
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations and Tablesxi
Prefacexv
Acknowledgmentsxix
Part IWetland Primer
Chapter 1Swampland, Marshland, Wetland: Wetland Concept and Definitions3
What Is a Wetland?3
Scientific Definitions5
Regulatory Definitions6
Field Interpretation of the Federal Regulatory Wetland Definition7
Wetland Definition for This Book13
Additional Readings13
Chapter 2Water, the Lifeblood of Swampland: Wetland Hydrology14
What Is Hydrology?14
Water Budget14
How Wet Is a Wetland?16
Hydrology and the Growing Season18
Wetland Hydrology19
Additional Readings28
Chapter 3The Birth and Growth of Swampland: Wetland Formation and Evolution29
Origins of Swampland29
The Big Freeze: Glaciation Effects30
The Floods: Alluvial Processes32
The Tides: Effects of Rising Sea Levels33
Hydrarch Succession: Plant-Community Dynamics36
Paludification: Climbing Bogs36
The Hydrologic Cycle: Changing Water Levels40
Nature's Hydraulic Engineer: The Beaver40
The Human Factor41
Additional Readings42
Chapter 4Swamp Earth: Hydric Soils44
What Is Soil?44
Effects of Waterlogging on Soil Development44
What Is Hydric Soil?46
Distribution of Hydric Soils48
Additional Readings49
Chapter 5Swamp Plants: Hydrophytes and Wetland Plant Communities50
What Is a Hydrophyte?50
Water Stress on Plants50
Plant Adaptations for Life in Water or Wetlands51
Factors Affecting Wetland Plant Communities53
Wetland Types53
Additional Readings80
Chapter 6Swamp Things: Wetland Wildlife81
Wetland Dependency81
Animal Adaptations for the Wet Life82
Wetlands as Wildlife Habitat84
Additional Readings91
Chapter 7Swampland at Work: Wetland Functions and Values92
Water-Quality Protection93
Floodwater Storage95
Shoreline Stabilization96
Water Supply97
Aquatic Productivity97
Provision of Wildlife Habitat98
Local Climate Regulator98
Databanks of the Earth's History98
Reaping Nature's Wet Bounty98
Additional Readings104
Chapter 8Swampland Now and Then: Wetland Status and Trends106
Wetland Status106
Wetland Trends108
Causes of Wetland Loss and Degradation112
Wetlands Still at Risk124
Additional Readings125
Chapter 9Swampland-Wasteland or Watery Wealth: Wetland Conservation, Management, and Restoration127
Changing Attitudes toward Wetlands127
Wetland Protection132
Wetland Acquisition137
Wetland Management138
Wetland Restoration, Creation, and Enhancement141
Additional Readings144
Part IIWetland Identification Guide
Chapter 10Recognizing Wetland Plants149
Wetland-Plant Lists149
How to Identify Common Hydrophytes152
How to Use the Plant-Identification Keys155
Keys to Common Hydrophytes of the Northeast156
Illustrations and Descriptions of Common Hydrophytes163
Additional Field Guides210
Chapter 11Interpreting Hydric Soils212
List of Hydric Soils212
Describing Soils212
How to Recognize Hydric Soils214
Additional Readings221
Chapter 12Identifying Wetland Wildlife223
How to Identify Wetland Animals223
Keys to Selected Wetland Vertebrates of the Northeast226
Illustrations and Descriptions of Wetland Vertebrates229
Additional Field Guides264
Chapter 13Finding Wetlands and Their Boundaries: Wetland Identification and Delineation265
Printed Maps: Gospel or Guidance?265
Seeking Swampland: How to Find Wetlands in the Field270
Drawing a Line in the Dirt: Delineating the Boundary273
Additional Readings274
Chapter 14Typing and Evaluating Wetlands: Wetland Classification and Functional Assessment275
Defining Properties275
Name that Wetland: Classifying Wetlands278
What Good is That Wetland?: Assessing Wetlands288
Additional Readings295
Appendix AA Call to Action: SOS-Saving Our Swampland297
Appendix BWetlands to Explore302
Appendix CSome Poisonous Wetland Plants in the Northeast and Great Lakes States307
Glossary309
References317
Index323

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