In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism
A groundbreaking study of labor unions that advances a new theory of organizational leadership and governance

In the Interest of Others develops a new theory of organizational leadership and governance to explain why some organizations expand their scope of action in ways that do not benefit their members directly. John Ahlquist and Margaret Levi document eighty years of such activism by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union in the United States and the Waterside Workers Federation in Australia. They systematically compare the ILWU and WWF to the Teamsters and the International Longshoremen's Association, two American transport industry labor unions that actively discouraged the pursuit of political causes unrelated to their own economic interests.

Drawing on a wealth of original data, Ahlquist and Levi show how activist organizations can profoundly transform the views of members about their political efficacy and the collective actions they are willing to contemplate. They find that leaders who ask for support of projects without obvious material benefits must first demonstrate their ability to deliver the goods and services members expect. These leaders must also build governance institutions that coordinate expectations about their objectives and the behavior of members.

In the Interest of Others reveals how activist labor unions expand the community of fate and provoke preferences that transcend the private interests of individual members. Ahlquist and Levi then extend this logic to other membership organizations, including religious groups, political parties, and the state itself.

"1114883128"
In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism
A groundbreaking study of labor unions that advances a new theory of organizational leadership and governance

In the Interest of Others develops a new theory of organizational leadership and governance to explain why some organizations expand their scope of action in ways that do not benefit their members directly. John Ahlquist and Margaret Levi document eighty years of such activism by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union in the United States and the Waterside Workers Federation in Australia. They systematically compare the ILWU and WWF to the Teamsters and the International Longshoremen's Association, two American transport industry labor unions that actively discouraged the pursuit of political causes unrelated to their own economic interests.

Drawing on a wealth of original data, Ahlquist and Levi show how activist organizations can profoundly transform the views of members about their political efficacy and the collective actions they are willing to contemplate. They find that leaders who ask for support of projects without obvious material benefits must first demonstrate their ability to deliver the goods and services members expect. These leaders must also build governance institutions that coordinate expectations about their objectives and the behavior of members.

In the Interest of Others reveals how activist labor unions expand the community of fate and provoke preferences that transcend the private interests of individual members. Ahlquist and Levi then extend this logic to other membership organizations, including religious groups, political parties, and the state itself.

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In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism

In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism

In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism

In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism

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Overview

A groundbreaking study of labor unions that advances a new theory of organizational leadership and governance

In the Interest of Others develops a new theory of organizational leadership and governance to explain why some organizations expand their scope of action in ways that do not benefit their members directly. John Ahlquist and Margaret Levi document eighty years of such activism by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union in the United States and the Waterside Workers Federation in Australia. They systematically compare the ILWU and WWF to the Teamsters and the International Longshoremen's Association, two American transport industry labor unions that actively discouraged the pursuit of political causes unrelated to their own economic interests.

Drawing on a wealth of original data, Ahlquist and Levi show how activist organizations can profoundly transform the views of members about their political efficacy and the collective actions they are willing to contemplate. They find that leaders who ask for support of projects without obvious material benefits must first demonstrate their ability to deliver the goods and services members expect. These leaders must also build governance institutions that coordinate expectations about their objectives and the behavior of members.

In the Interest of Others reveals how activist labor unions expand the community of fate and provoke preferences that transcend the private interests of individual members. Ahlquist and Levi then extend this logic to other membership organizations, including religious groups, political parties, and the state itself.


Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691158570
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 09/08/2013
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

John S. Ahlquist is the Lyons Family Faculty Scholar and associate professor of political science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Margaret Levi is the Jere L. Bacharach Professor of International Studies at the University of Washington and Foundational Chair in Politics at the University of Sydney's United States Studies Centre.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

List of Tables xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Chapter 1: Beyond Economism 1

Our Argument 5

The Cases 10

Alternative Accounts 15

The Chapters 18

Chapter 2: Building an Encompassing Community of Fate and Winning Consent 22

Leaders, Governance, and Organizational Performance 25

Modeling Organizational Scope and Governance 28

From Leadership Rents to Organizational Governance Institutions 38

Summary and Conclusions 43

Appendix 45

Chapter 3: Pork, Perks, and Predation 53

International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) 55

The ILA 71

Discussion 77

Chapter 4: An Injury to Anyone Is an Injury to All 79

Commonalities Between the ILWU and WWF 80

ILWU 84

WWF 103

Tension between Political and Industrial Commitments 113

Continuity Over Time 114

Conclusion 118

Chapter 5: Managing Heterogeneity 120

Managing the Heterogeneity of Locals 121

Managing Individual Heterogeneity 135

Conclusion 152

Chapter 6: Provoking Preferences 155

The Literature 157

Preference Provocation 162

Evidence of Preference Provocation 168

Evidence of Contingent Consent 181

Conclusions 183

Chapter 7: Political Attitudes and Behavior among ILWU Members, with Amanda B. Clayton 185

Employment, Compensation, and Shipping Volumes on the U.S. West Coast 187

International Trade and Public Opinion 189

The ILWU's Organizational Principles and International Trade 192

ILWU Members' and Affiliates' Attitudes Toward Trade 199

ILWU Affiliates' Political Behavior 212

Robustness Considerations 216

Conclusion 219

Appendices 220

Chapter 8: Signaling Solidarity? 230

Bargaining, Strikes, and Politics 233

The ILWU 238

The WWF 251

Conclusion 256

Appendix 259

Chapter 9: Conclusions and Implications 261

Union Behavior 262

Other Membership Organizations 265

Firms 268

The State 269

Other Implications 272

Communities of Fate 276

Bibliography 279

Index 303

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"Why do the members of some trade unions sacrifice time and money to support the causes of others halfway around the world? Ahlquist and Levi provide a convincing answer: founders who build organizations that deliver good jobs to members may also build organizations that transform members' values to support international solidarity. This outstanding book is a must-read for scholars of organizational and political sociology, collective action, and behavioral economics."—Elisabeth Jean Wood, Yale University

"Ahlquist and Levi shed fresh new light on one of the most enduring questions in the social sciences. Tapping an impressive array of methods and evidence, this pathbreaking study explores the conditions under which a broad 'community of fate' can be forged and sustained over time, as well as the long-term consequences for the beliefs and preferences of those who comprise that community. This is a major scholarly contribution whose core message will resonate widely among economists, sociologists, and political scientists alike."—Kathleen Thelen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

"A fundamental problem in understanding collective action is why individuals in some organizations take actions for the greater good that are not in their own self-interest. Ahlquist and Levi shed fascinating new light on this problem through an examination of the evolution, organization, and behavior of four labor unions with very different scopes of social, political, and economic engagement. A must-read for any scholar interested in problems of collective action."—Henry Farber, Princeton University

"The product of sustained imagination, this important book probes the conditions under which people transcend narrow economic calculations to opt for social justice. By mobilizing analytical tools and deploying them systematically in determinate situations, this beautifully realized comparative analysis of Australian and American trade unions powerfully advances our understanding of organizational leadership, norms, beliefs, networks, scope, mobilization, and much more."—Ira Katznelson, author of Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time

"Ahlquist and Levi have produced the very best rational-choice treatment of activist labor unions. Theoretically, methodologically, and empirically rich, their book is also a superb exemplar of modern comparative politics. In the Interest of Others is a classy and elegant study of a significant political problem."—Mark Lichbach, University of Maryland

"In the Interest of Others deals with a truly important issue that has not been adequately analyzed in political science and sociology. This book is going to have a deep impact on the discipline."—Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca, Juan March Institute, Madrid

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