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In the Shadow of the Temple: Jewish Influences on Early Christianity

Overview

Oskar Skarsaune makes a fresh contribution to our understanding of the development of the early church in its practice (e.g., worship, baptism and Eucharist) and doctrine (e.g., Scripture, Christology, pneumatology). This book offers the new perspective that Christians were in ongoing and deep conversation with Jews during the early centuries leading up to Constantine.

The common perception of a drastic "parting of the ways" after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. has ...

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Overview

Oskar Skarsaune makes a fresh contribution to our understanding of the development of the early church in its practice (e.g., worship, baptism and Eucharist) and doctrine (e.g., Scripture, Christology, pneumatology). This book offers the new perspective that Christians were in ongoing and deep conversation with Jews during the early centuries leading up to Constantine.

The common perception of a drastic "parting of the ways" after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. has tended to distort our understanding of the succeeding decades and centuries of Jewish and Christian history. Notwithstanding the fact that there were points of bitterness and strife, the relationship is better viewed as that of a younger and older sibling. There is much evidence of interaction between the early Christians and rabbinic Judaism, both at the level of leadership and laypeople, and this left its impression on the church. Skarsaune gives us numerous fascinating episodic and topical glimpses into this untold story.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780830828449
  • Publisher: InterVarsity Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/2008
  • Pages: 455
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Oskar Skarsaune is professor of church history at Norwegian Lutheran School of Theology in Oslo, Norway. He is the author of Incarnation: Myth or Fact and The Proof from Prophecy: A Study in Justin Martyr's Proof-Text Tradition.
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Table of Contents

Introduction
A Note on Abbreviations and References
General Literature
Translations of SourcesPart One: The Mother Soul: Judaism from the Maccabees to the Rabbis
1. The Cultural Dimension: Judaism & Hellenism
Introduction: The Maccabbes Revolt
Alexander the Great and the Triumph of Hellenism
The Hellenistic City: The Polis
A New Conception of the Torah
The Concept of Judaism
Greek in Israel
Active Disemination of Judaism and Christianity
PostscriptTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
2. The Political Dimension: Jews & the Roman Empire
The End of the Hasmonean Dynasty and the Beginning of Roman Rule
The Bar Kokhba Revolt
The Tension Between Jews and Romans
The Legal Position of Jewish and Gentile Believers
EpilogueTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
3. The Geographical Dimension: The Land of Israel & the Diaspora
The Diaspora
The Land of Israel
The Galilee
Jerusalem: The Capital of All Jews
"Palestinian" Judaism and "Hellenistic" Judaism?
Geography of Synagogue and ChurchTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
4. Jerusalem: The City of the Temple
Was Jerusalem Relevant?
The Temple and the Pilgrimages
The Temple: The Financial Significance
The Temple: The Religious Significance
The Chief Priests, the Priests and the LevitesTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
5. How Many "Judaisms"?
Introduction: "Give me Jabne!"
The Priestly Elite
Priestly Judaism: The Sadducees
Priestly Judaism: The Community at Qumran and the EssenesThe Community at QumranThe Essenes
Priestly Judaism for Laypeople: The Pharisees
Judaism Apart from the Temple: The Synagogue
Nationalistic Judaism: The ZealotsTemple Square
Suggestions for Further ReadingPart Two: Christian Beginnings: From Jewish Party to Gentile Church
6. Jesus Within Judaism
"The Old Quest"
"The New Quest"
"The Third Quest": A Jewish Quest
Jesus and the Hope for IsraelTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
7. The Early Jerusalem Community of Believers in Jesus
The Importance of Jerusalem to the Early Church
Conflict in the Temple; Sympathy from the People
Increased Conflict: The "Hellenists"
The First Believers' View of the Temple
What About the Torah?Temple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
8. The Mission to the Gentiles & the Question of the Torah
Problems?
The Role of Paul and the Apostolic Counsil
The Mission to the God-Fearing Gentiles
The Reaction of the Roman AuthoritiesTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
9. The Land of Israel: The Church of Jewish Believers
Internal Diversity
The Sources
Jewish Believers in the Land of Israel (I): The Archaeology of Holy PlacesJerusalem: The Holy SepulchreJerusalem: A Community Center on Mount ZionCapernaum: The House of Peter?Nazareth
Jewish Believers in the Land of Israel (II): Literary EvidenceThe Relatives of JesusEusebius's List of Jewish Christian "Bishops"The Rabbis and the MinimBar Kokhba and the Jewish Believers
The Nazarenes
The EbionitesTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
10. The Diaspora: The Church of Jews & Gentiles
The Apostolic Fathers1 ClementDidacheIgnatiusBarnabas
Concluding Remarks: The Jewish Believers as the Theological Teachers of Gentile ChristianityTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
11. Encounter with Paganism--& the Jewish Heritage
Introduction
Conversion in Judaism and Christianity
The Apologists
The Martyrs of LyonsTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
12. Orthodoxy & Heresy: The Challenge from Gnosticism & Marcion
The Basic Defination of Heresy
The Fundamentals of Gnostic Doctrine
Gnosticism and Christianity
The Origins of Gnosticism
Gnostic Elitism
Marcion
Conclusion: Heresy and OrthodoxyTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
13. Elder & Younger Brothers: The Second-Century Debate with Judaism
Introduction: The Bitterness of Family Strife
From Jewish Self-Criticism to Anti-Jewish Slogans
The Assertiveness of the Younger Brother
Justin's Dialogue with TryphoTemple Square
Suggestions for Further ReadingPart Three: The Persistence of the Jewish Heritage: Faith & Order in the Early Church
14. Which Books Belong in the Bible? The Question of Canon
What is "Scripture"?
The Old Testament Canon in Judaism and the Early Church
Delimiting the Hebrew Canon
The Old Testament Apocrypha
The New Testament as Canon
Delimiting the New Testament CanonTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
15. Christology in the Making (I): The Messiah
Jesus: The Messiah?
The Messianic Task
Confessing Belief in the Messiah: The Apostolic Creed
Suggestions for Further Reading
16. Christology in the Making (II): The Incarnate Word
Eastern and Western Christology
Eastern Christology: Hellenistic?
Wisdom Incarnate
Jesus and Wisdom/Torah
The Father and the SonTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
17. The Creative Spirit
From Spirit to Organization?
The Spirit Who Creates
Spirit, Eucharist and Ministry
Charismatic GiftsTemple Square
Suggestions for Further Reading
18. Conversion, Baptism & New Life
Conversion and Baptism in the Early Community: The Double Background
Jewish and Christian Baptism
Jewish and Christian Rituals of ConversionPre-Baptismal InstructionFasting, Prayer and ExorcismRenouncing the Devil, Confessing FaithThe "Living Water" of BaptismGoing Down, Coming UpUndressing and Dressing AnewPost-Baptismal Anointing
The Baptismal Eucharist
The Season for Baptism
Baptism, Spirit and New Life
Suggestions for Further Reading
19. Worship & Calendar: The Christian Week and Year
Freedom and Order
The Big Novelty of Christian Worship: The First Day
Sunday Worship
The Service of the Word
The Christian Day and Week
The Christian YearPassover (Pesach) and EasterThe Jewish Festival of Weeks (Shavuot) and Christian Pentecost
Suggestions for Further Reading
20. Passover & Eucharist
The Eucharist: Lines of Development
The Eucharist Prayer and the Passover MealThe Eucharist Prayers in Didache 9-10The Eucharist Prayer in Justin and PolycarpThe Eucharist Prayer in HippolytusTemple Square
Suggestions for Further ReadingPart Four: Epilogue
21. The Church Facing a New Era
The Great Roman Crisis and Restitution
The Great Persecution
"The Constantinian Revolution"
What Has the Emperor to Do with the Church?
Renouncing the World in a "Christian" Empire
"The Sanctification of Time"
The Sanctification of Places: The Idea of the Holy Land
Christian Philo-Semitis: A Grass-Roots Movement
Postscript: No End
Suggestions for Further Reading
Index of Modern Authors
Index of Subjects
Index of Ancient Writings
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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 5, 2010

    A Excellent Book

    This book reads very well. It flows nicely from one chapter to the other. Those interested in the jewish origins of the early christian church will find this quite insightful and it fills in the gaps during those early years. I recommend this for reading.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 1, 2002

    Incredible for scholar and layman alike

    What can I say? I was pleasantly surprised by the depth of the information yet understandable to the average reader. Well worth the money!

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    Posted May 6, 2010

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