Incapacitating Biochemical Weapons examines the promise and peril behind weapons based on natural or synthetic biochemical compounds meant to cause rapid incapacitation but not death. An agent has yet to be found that can effectively incapacitate people without risk of death, but revolutionary advances coupled with the changing nature of conflict and warfare has generated renewed government interest. The authors provide a comprehensive survey of the issues associated with their development and use, and explore a wide range of issues, from science, to history, to current military interest, arms control, and international law. Incapacitating Biochemical Weapons: Promise or Peril? will be of interest to all who are concerned about the proliferation of such weapons.
This book, with its essays by leading players in the field, provides an excellent and urgently needed analysis of incapacitating biochemical weapons. Diplomats, scientists and policy-makers in all States Parties to Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions should read this book so as to ensure the maintenance and strengthening of the conventions in the face of the very real and present danger presented by these weapons.
David A. Koplow
Addressing a topic that is both urgent and complex, this book provides a comprehensive, current, and remarkably readable exposition of the potential benefits and dangers of the ongoing biochemical revolution. Combining the disciplines of medicine, science, history, law, military strategy, and arms control, the diverse authors contribute a broad-gauged guide to intensely controversial issues, rendering them accessible to the non-specialist and informative to the policy-maker.
Alan Pearson is director of the Biological and Chemical Weapons Control Program at the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. Marie Chevrier is associate professor of Public Policy Political Economy at the University of Texas at Dallas. Mark Wheelis is senior lecturer in Microbiology at the University of California, Davis.
Introduction Alan M. Pearson Marie Isabelle Chevrier Mark Wheelis xv
Nonconsensual Manipulation of Human Physiology Using Biochemicals Mark Wheelis 1
Drug Development in the Twenty First Century and the Role of New Biotechnologies Alan Goldhammer 19
Historical Military Interest in Low-lethality Biochemical Agents: Avoiding and Augmenting Lethal Force Martin Furmanski 35
Late and Post-Cold War Research and Development of Incapacitating Biochemical Weapons Alan M. Pearson 67
Current and Prospective Military and Law Enforcement Use of Chemical Agents for Incapacitation George P. Fenton 103
Scientific Outlook for the Development of Incapacitants Malcolm R. Dando 123
Potential Long-Term Physiological Consequences of Exposure to Incapacitating Biochemicals Kathryn Nixdorff Jack Melling 149
Incapacitating Chemical and Biochemical Weapons and Law Enforcement Under the Chemical Weapons Convention David P. Fidler 171
Toxic Chemicals for Law Enforcement Including Domestic Riot Control Purposes Under the Chemical Weapons Convention Adolf von Wagner 195
IncapacitatingBiochemicals and the Biological Weapons Convention Marie Isabelle Chevrier James F. Leonard 209
Incapacitating Biochemical Weapons: Risks and Uncertainties Robin M. Coupland 225
International Law and the Regulation of Weapons Francoise J. Hampson 231
Human Rights Law and the Use of Incapacitating Biochemical Weapons William J. Aceves 261
Protecting and Reinforcing Humanitarian Norms: The Way Forward Peter Herby 285
Conclusion and Recommendations Alan M. Pearson Marie Isabelle Chevrier Mark Wheelis 291
About the Contributors 303