The Incas

The Incas

by Gordon Mcewan
     
 

ISBN-10: 1851095748

ISBN-13: 9781851095742

Pub. Date: 01/30/2006

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

Defying many of the supposed rules of civilization building, and lacking the advantages of a written language, hard metals, the wheel, or draft animals, the Incas forged one of the greatest imperial states in history.

• Maps of the Andes region and Inca lands showing prominent population centers and geographic features

• A concise, informative

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Overview

Defying many of the supposed rules of civilization building, and lacking the advantages of a written language, hard metals, the wheel, or draft animals, the Incas forged one of the greatest imperial states in history.

• Maps of the Andes region and Inca lands showing prominent population centers and geographic features

• A concise, informative chronology of the rise and fall of Inca civilization, from the earliest evidence of cultural life to their destruction at the hands of Pizarro and his conquistadors

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781851095742
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/30/2006
Series:
Understanding Ancient Civilizations Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
286
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.69(d)

Table of Contents

Series Editor's Prefacexi
Prefacexiii
Part 1Introduction
Chapter 1Introduction3
Overview3
Sources of Information about the Incas6
Part 2Inca Civilization
Chapter 2Location of the Inca Civilization and Environmental Setting19
Location19
The Andean Environment19
Andean Culture and Its Environment24
Chapter 3Historical and Chronological Setting28
European Discovery of the Incas28
Andean History before the Incas33
Development of Andean Cultural Chronology48
Chapter 4Origins, Growth, and Decline of Inca Civilization56
What the Incas Told the Spanish about Their Origins57
What Scholars Have Learned about Inca Origins62
The Inca Dynasty68
Inca Rulers under Spanish Control79
Chapter 5The Economic Structure of the Inca State83
Subsistence Patterns83
The Inca Imperial Economy87
Chapter 6Social Organization and Social Structure93
Estimating the Population of the Inca Empire93
The Social Organization of Inca Civilization96
The System of Social Classes97
Life under Inca Rule102
Inca Towns and Cities108
Chapter 7The Political Structure of the Inca State112
Inca Government112
Inca Decimal Administration114
Administrative Infrastructure115
The Inca Army126
Social Engineering and the Disposition of Conquered Territories131
Political Relations between the Incas and Their Subjects133
Internal Politics among the Incas134
Chapter 8Religion and Ideology137
Andean Cosmology137
Inca State Ideology138
Local-Level Ideology139
Inca State Religion142
Principal Rituals and Ceremonies of the State Religion151
Principal Temples of the State Religion155
Huacas: The Animistic Folk Religion158
Chapter 9Material Culture161
Pottery161
Wooden Objects164
Metal164
Cloth167
Stone169
Shell and Bone171
Architecture171
Chapter 10Intellectual Accomplishments179
Fine Arts179
System of Measures179
Language and Literacy180
Inca Literacy, Mathematics, and Methods of Recording182
Counting and Calculating Devices185
Astronomical Knowledge185
Part 3Current Assessments
Chapter 11Major Controversies and Future Directions in Inca Studies195
Historicists vs. Structuralists: The Great Inca Debate195
Issues in Inca Archaeology197
Chronology203
Glossary207
Resources for Further Study225
Index259
About the Author269

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