Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons (Third Edition)

Overview

In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic groups lined up on one side or the other? Were there variations from place to place, region to region? Did men and women differ in their experience of war? How did Indians and blacks ...

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Overview

In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic groups lined up on one side or the other? Were there variations from place to place, region to region? Did men and women differ in their experience of war? How did Indians and blacks participate and how did they fare as a result? In the end, who won and who lost?

Independence in Latin America is about the reciprocal effect of war and social dislocation. It also demonstrates that the war itself led to national identity and so to the creation of new states. These governments generally acknowledged the novel principle of constitutionalism and popular sovereignty, even when sometimes carving out exceptions to such rules. The notion that society consisted of individuals and was not a body made up of castes, guilds, and other corporate orders had become commonplace by the end of these wars. So international politics and military confrontations are only part of the intriguing story recounted here.

For this third edition, Richard Graham has written a new introduction and extensively revised and updated the text. He has also added new illustrations and maps.

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What People Are Saying

Mauricio Tenorio
Independence in Latin America is one of the most succinct, accurate, provocative, and comprehensive views on the historical ‘big bang’ that occurred in the Western world between 1776 and 1830. . . . It would be hard to find, in so few pages, so much information so easily digestible.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780292745346
  • Publisher: University of Texas Press
  • Publication date: 5/1/2013
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 208
  • Sales rank: 977,025
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Richard Graham is Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Texas at Austin. His most recent book is the prize-winning Feeding the City: From Street Market to Liberal Reform in Salvador, Brazil, 1780–1860. He is the author of Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil; Britain and the Onset of Modernization in Brazil; and several edited books, including The Idea of Race in Latin America, 1870–1940.
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Chapter 1. Colonies in Flux
Ruler and Ruled
Trade with Whom?
A Corporate Society
Religion and the Enlightenment
Haiti
Chapter 2. Reactions to Change
Argentina and Uruguay
Chile
Comparisons
Venezuela
Mexico
Central America
Comparisons
Peru
Brazil
Comparisons
Chapter 3. Toward War
Who Wanted Change?
European Events
Spanish American Responses
Chapter 4. The First War of Independence, 1810–1816
Argentina
Uruguay
Paraguay
Chile
Venezuela
Colombia
Peru and Bolivia
Mexico
Brazil
Commonalities and Differences
Chapter 5. The Second War of Independence, 1815–1825
Repercussion of European Events
Venezuela and Colombia
Argentina and Uruguay
Chile, Peru, and Bolivia
Mexico
Central America
Brazil
Commonalities and Differences
Chapter 6. What Changed?
The Cost of War
An Altered Cultural Reality
Social Tensions
Instability and the Caudillo
Inclusion in the World Economy
Documents
For Further Reading
Chronology
Notes
Glossary
Illustration Credits
Index
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