Indian Education in the American Colonies, 1607-1783 / Edition 1

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Armed with Bible and primer, missionaries and teachers in colonial America sought, in their words, “to Christianize and civilize the native heathen.” Both the attempts to transform Indians via schooling and the Indians' reaction to such efforts are closely studied for the first time in Indian Education in the American Colonies, 1607–1783.
Margaret Connell Szasz’s remarkable synthesis of archival and published materials is a detailed and engaging story told from both Indian and European perspectives. Szasz argues that the most intriguing dimension of colonial Indian education came with the individuals who tried to work across cultures. We learn of the remarkable accomplishments of two Algonquian students at Harvard, of the Creek woman Mary Musgrove who enabled James Oglethorpe and the Georgians to establish peaceful relations with the Creek Nation, and of Algonquian minister Samson Occom, whose intermediary skills led to the founding of Dartmouth College. The story of these individuals and their compatriots plus the numerous experiments in Indian schooling provide a new way of looking at Indian-white relations and colonial Indian education.

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Editorial Reviews

American Historical Review

“Szasz rightly understands both the strengths and the weaknesses of the formal, institutionalized, culture-bound colonial education that was offered to Indians. . . . The book is extraordinarily well researched and well written and is highly recommended.”—American Historical Review
American Indian Quarterly

“Szasz, after several years of exhaustive archival research, has written a richly detailed overview of colonists' educational assault on Native Americans. . . . This study is a highly significant contribution to our understanding of Indian education in colonial America.”—American Indian Quarterly
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780803259669
  • Publisher: University of Nebraska Press
  • Publication date: 7/28/2007
  • Series: Indigenous Education
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 360
  • Sales rank: 848,777
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Margaret Connell Szasz is a professor of Native American and Celtic history at the University of New Mexico and the author of Between Indian and White Worlds: The Cultural Broker and Education and the American Indian: The Road to Self-Determination since 1928.

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Table of Contents

Introduction to the Bison Books Edition     v
Illustrations and Maps     xxi
Acknowledgments     xxiii
Introduction     1
Education for the Colonists     25
Virginia: Indian Schooling in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries     46
Puritans and Indians: New England in the Seventeenth century     101
The Southeast: Carolina Traders versus SPG Schooling     129
The Southeast: Methodists and Moravians Meet the Yamacraw     149
Schooling for the Southern New England Algonquian, from the 1690s to the 1730s     173
The Great Awakening and Indian Schooling     191
Indian Women between Two Worlds: Moor's School and Coeducation in the 1760s     218
Indian Schoolmasters among the Iroquois, from the 1760s to the 1770s     233
Conclusion     258
Abbreviations     264
Notes     265
Bibliography     303
Index     323
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