Indian Epigraphy: A Guide to the Study of Inscriptions in Sanskrit, Prakrit, and the Other Indo-Aryan Languages / Edition 1

Indian Epigraphy: A Guide to the Study of Inscriptions in Sanskrit, Prakrit, and the Other Indo-Aryan Languages / Edition 1

by Richard Salomon
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195099842

ISBN-13: 9780195099843

Pub. Date: 12/28/1998

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This book provides a general survey of all the inscriptional material in the Sanskrit, Prakrit, and modern Indo-Aryan languages, including donative, dedicatory, panegyric, ritual, and literary texts carved on stone, metal, and other materials. This material comprises many thousands of documents dating from a range of more than two millennia, found in India and the

Overview

This book provides a general survey of all the inscriptional material in the Sanskrit, Prakrit, and modern Indo-Aryan languages, including donative, dedicatory, panegyric, ritual, and literary texts carved on stone, metal, and other materials. This material comprises many thousands of documents dating from a range of more than two millennia, found in India and the neighboring nations of South Asia, as well as in many parts of Southeast, central, and East Asia. The inscriptions are written, for the most part, in the Brahmi and Kharosthi scripts and their many varieties and derivatives.

Inscriptional materials are of particular importance for the study of the Indian world, constituting the most detailed and accurate historical and chronological data for nearly all aspects of traditional Indian culture in ancient and medieval times. Richard Salomon surveys the entire corpus of Indo-Aryan inscriptions in terms of their contents, languages, scripts, and historical and cultural significance. He presents this material in such a way as to make it useful not only to Indologists but also non-specialists, including persons working in other aspects of Indian or South Asian studies, as well as scholars of epigraphy and ancient history and culture in other regions of the world.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195099843
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
12/28/1998
Series:
South Asia Research Series
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Abbreviationsxvii
Note on Citation and Bibliographic Formxxi
1The Scope and Significance of Epigraphy in Indological Studies3
2Writing and Scripts in India7
2.1General Introduction7
2.1.1Writing in traditional India7
2.1.2The antiquity of writing in India of the historical period10
2.1.3Characteristics of Indic writing14
2.2The Brahmi Script and Its Derivatives17
2.2.1Geographical and chronological range17
2.2.2The name of the script17
2.2.3The origin of Brahmi19
2.2.4Characteristics of Brahmi in the Mauryan period (third century B.C.)30
2.2.5The historical development and derivatives of Brahmi31
2.3The Kharosthi Script42
2.3.1Geographical range42
2.3.2Chronological range46
2.3.3Uses of Kharosthi47
2.3.4Paleographic features of Kharosthi48
2.3.5The name of the script50
2.3.6The origin of Kharosthi51
2.3.7Connections between Kharosthi and Brahmi54
2.3.8The paleographic development of Kharosthi55
2.4Numbers and Numerical Notation56
2.4.1Numerical notation in Brahmi and the derived scripts56
2.4.2Numerical notation in Kharosthi63
2.5Techniques of Epigraphic Writing64
2.5.1General comments64
2.5.2The technical execution of inscriptions65
2.5.3Calligraphic writing68
2.5.4Biscript inscriptions70
2.6Undeciphered Scripts71
3The Languages of Indic Inscriptions72
3.1Middle Indo-Aryan ("Prakrit")72
3.1.1General remarks72
3.1.2The Prakrits of the Asokan inscriptions73
3.1.3Other inscriptions of the Mauryan era76
3.1.4Later inscriptional Prakrits76
3.1.5Literary Middle Indo-Aryan in inscriptions80
3.2Mixed or "Hybrid" Dialects81
3.2.1The character of "Epigraphical Hybrid Sanskrit" (EHS)81
3.2.2Geographical and chronological distribution of EHS82
3.2.3The linguistic nature of EHS83
3.3Sanskrit86
3.3.1The earliest Sanskrit inscriptions86
3.3.2Early Sanskrit inscriptions from Mathura87
3.3.3Sanskrit inscriptions from western India in the Ksatrapa period88
3.3.4Early Sanskrit inscriptions from the Deccan and southern India90
3.3.5Early Sanskrit inscriptions from other regions92
3.3.6The emergence of Sanskrit in the Gupta period92
3.3.7Summary: Historical and cultural factors in the development of Sanskrit as an epigraphic language93
3.3.8Linguistic characteristics of inscriptional Sanskrit94
3.4The New Indo-Aryan (NIA) Languages99
3.4.1Marathi100
3.4.2Oriya101
3.4.3Gujarati101
3.4.4Hindi and related languages and dialects102
3.4.5Bengali and other eastern NIA languages104
3.4.6Nepali104
3.4.7Sinhalese104
3.5Other (Non-Indo-Aryan) Languages in Indian Inscriptions105
3.5.1Dravidian languages105
3.5.2Islamic languages (Arabic, Persian, Urdu)106
3.5.3Other non-Indic languages107
3.6Bilingual and Multilingual Inscriptions109
4Survey of Inscriptions in the Indo-Aryan Languages110
4.1Typological Survey110
4.1.1Royal donative and panegyric inscriptions (prasasti)110
4.1.2Land grant (copper plate) characters113
4.1.3Private donations118
4.1.4Memorial inscriptions119
4.1.5Label inscriptions120
4.1.6Pilgrims' and travelers' records121
4.1.7Cultic inscriptions122
4.1.8Literary inscriptions123
4.1.9Seal inscriptions123
4.1.10Miscellaneous inscriptions124
4.2Survey by Form and Material126
4.2.1Stone126
4.2.2Metals129
4.2.3Earthen materials130
4.2.4Wood131
4.2.5Miscellaneous materials131
4.3General Survey of Inscriptions132
4.3.1Inscriptions of the Mauryan period (third century B.C.)133
4.3.2Inscriptions of the Sunga period (ca. second to first centuries B.C.)141
4.3.3Inscriptions of the Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian era (ca. second century B.C. to third century A.D.)142
4.3.4Inscriptions of the Gupta era (fourth to mid-sixth centuries A.D.)145
4.3.5Inscriptions of the post-Gupta or "Medieval" era (mid-seventh to tenth centuries A.D.)146
4.3.6Inscriptions of the "Islamic period" (eleventh to eighteenth centuries A.D.)148
4.3.7Extra-Indian inscriptions150
5Methods of Epigraphic Study161
5.1The Presentation of Inscriptional Texts161
5.1.1Reproduction of the original inscription161
5.1.2Presentation of the edited text162
5.2Translation and Interpretation of Inscriptions164
5.3Authentication of Inscriptions165
5.4Dating of Inscriptions168
5.4.1Undated or inadequately dated inscriptions; paleographic dating and problems thereof168
5.4.2Dated inscriptions170
5.4.3Conversion and verification of inscriptional dates176
5.5Appendix: Eras Used in Indo-Aryan Inscriptions180
5.5.1Continuous (historical or pseudohistorical) eras180
5.5.2Cyclical (astronomical) eras196
6The History of Indian Epigraphic Studies199
6.1The Pioneering Era: Early Readings of Indian Inscriptions (1781-1834)199
6.2The Era of Decipherment (1835-1860)203
6.2.1Decipherment of the early Brahmi script204
6.2.2Decipherment of the Kharosthi script209
6.2.3Other developments during the era of decipherment215
6.3The Period of Maturity (1861-1900)217
6.4The Modern Period (1901-1947)221
6.5Indian Epigraphy Since Independence (1947 to the present)223
6.6Future Prospects and Desiderata224
7Epigraphy as a Source for the Study of Indian Culture226
7.1Epigraphy and History226
7.1.1Political and dynastic history226
7.1.2Administrative, economic, and social history231
7.2Epigraphy and the Study of Indian Literature232
7.2.1Inscriptions as a source for the history of Indian literature233
7.2.2Inscriptional texts as literature235
7.3Epigraphy and the Study of Religion238
7.3.1The Brahmanical/Hindu tradition239
7.3.2Buddhism241
7.3.3Jainism and other sects243
7.4Epigraphy and the Study of the Arts244
7.4.1The visual arts244
7.4.2The performing arts248
7.5Epigraphy and Linguistics248
7.6Epigraphy and Geography249
7.7Other Fields250
8Bibliographic Survey252
8.1Primary Sources: Notices and Editions of Inscriptions252
8.1.1Periodicals252
8.1.2Epigraphic serial publications254
8.1.3Anthologies of inscriptions255
8.1.4Separate monographs257
8.2Secondary Sources: Handbooks and Reference Works257
8.2.1Handbooks of epigraphy and paleography257
8.2.2Reference works, bibliographies, and lists259
8.2.3Miscellaneous studies and collections260
AppendixSelection of Typical Inscriptions262
1.Rummindei minor pillar edict of Asoka262
2.Besnagar pillar inscription of Heliodoros265
3.Bharhut label inscriptions267
4.Kalawan copper plate inscription267
5.Sarnath umbrella shaft inscription of the time of Kaniska270
6.Niya (central Asian) Kharosthi document272
7.Kahaum pillar inscription of the time of Skandagupta273
8.Lakkha Mandal prasasti275
9.Vat Ph'u stone inscription of Jayavarman [I]280
10.Baroda copper plate inscription of Rastrakuta Karkkaraja [II]283
11.Tiruvenkadu temple inscription295
12.Nalanda inscription of Vipulasrimitra297
13.Pilgrim inscription on the Kosam pillar302
14.Burhanpur inscription of Edala-Saha (Adil Shah)304
15.Pabhosa Jaina inscription307
Bibliography311
Index of Inscriptions Cited328
Index351

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >