Indian Ocean Migrants and State Formation in Hadhramaut: Reforming the Homeland

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The author discusses the modern history of Hadhramaut in a novel way. Linked to the Indian Ocean through a long history of migration, she traces the ways in which members of the diaspora and travellers interacted with the homeland through their remittances, political initiatives and the introduction of new ideas and institutions. The book is based on a wide range of hitherto unused Hadhrami and British sources as well as on fieldwork in Yemen and Indonesia.
Exemplary life-histories of merchants and scholars illustrate the wide range of concerns for the establishment of stable polities in a tribal society. This is linked to the careful analysis of the impact of imperial rule both in the lands of the diaspora and in Hadhramaut in chapters focussing on state- and institution-formation. Developments in Hadhramaut are regarded as a prism for the development of modernity in the wider Muslim and Indian Ocean worlds which was adapted to local conditions and needs.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Ulrike Freitag hat mit diesem umfangreichen Werk jedoch erneut einen Meilenstein in der erforschung der Geschichte der Region des Indischen Ozeans und Hadramauts gesetzt.'
Friedhelm Hartwig, Jemen Report, 2005.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Ulrike Freitag, Ph.D. (1991) in History, University of Freiburg, is the Director of the Centre of Modern Oriental Studies and Professor of Islamic Studies at Freie Universit├Ąt, Berlin. She has published on Arab historiography and co-edited with W. G. Clarence-Smith Hadhrami Traders, Scholars and Statesmen in the Indian Ocean, 1750s-1960s (Brill, 1997).
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Table of Contents

List of Maps, Tables, Figures and Photographs
List of Abbreviations
Note on Transliteration and Terminology
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 The setting: Hadhramaut and the diaspora in the 19th century 38
Ch. 2 Scholars, mystics and merchants: reformers and politicians in early and mid-19th century Wadi Hadhramaut 89
Ch. 3 Sultans, notables and dawla: approaches to state building in Kathiri and Qu'ayti lands (1840s-1920s) 137
Ch. 4 Hadhrami migrants and reform in the Muslim world (c. 1860s-1920s) 189
Ch. 5 The Hadhrami 'renaissance' in South East Asia (1880s-1930s) 226
Ch. 6 Social criticism and reform in Hadhramaut, 1880s-mid 1930s 277
Ch. 7 The al-Kaf road to Ingrams' peace: political developments in Hadhramaut, 1918-1937 345
Ch. 8 Contested reform: development in Hadhramaut under British tutelage, 1937-1960s 400
Ch. 9 The emergence of new elites and the demise of empire 450
Annex A Chronology of Qu'ayti and Kathiri rulers 531
Annex B Associations in Hadhramaut until 1950 532
Annex C Chronology of journalism in Hadhramaut 534
Bibliography 537
Index 565
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