Indians and Leftists in the Making of Ecuador's Modern Indigenous Movements

Indians and Leftists in the Making of Ecuador's Modern Indigenous Movements

by Marc Becker
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822342790

ISBN-13: 9780822342793

Pub. Date: 08/18/2008

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

In June 1990, Indigenous peoples shocked Ecuadorian elites with a powerful uprising that paralyzed the country for a week. Militants insisted that the government address Indigenous demands for land ownership, education, and economic development. This uprising was a milestone in the history of Ecuador’s social justice movements, and it inspired popular

Overview

In June 1990, Indigenous peoples shocked Ecuadorian elites with a powerful uprising that paralyzed the country for a week. Militants insisted that the government address Indigenous demands for land ownership, education, and economic development. This uprising was a milestone in the history of Ecuador’s social justice movements, and it inspired popular organizing efforts across Latin America. While the insurrection seemed to come out of nowhere, Marc Becker demonstrates that it emerged out of years of organizing and developing strategies to advance Indigenous rights. In this richly documented account, he chronicles a long history of Indigenous political activism in Ecuador, from the creation of the first local agricultural syndicates in the 1920s through the galvanizing protests of 1990. In so doing, he reveals the central role of women in Indigenous movements and the history of productive collaborations between rural Indigenous activists and urban leftist intellectuals.

Becker explains how rural laborers and urban activists worked together in Ecuador, merging ethnic and class-based struggles for social justice. Socialists were often the first to defend Indigenous languages, cultures, and social organizations. They introduced rural activists to new tactics, including demonstrations and strikes. Drawing on leftist influences, Indigenous peoples became adept at reacting to immediate, local forms of exploitation while at the same time addressing broader underlying structural inequities. Through an examination of strike activity in the 1930s, the establishment of a national-level Ecuadorian Federation of Indians in 1944, and agitation for agrarian reform in the 1960s, Becker shows that the history of Indigenous mobilizations in Ecuador is longer and deeper than many contemporary observers have recognized.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822342793
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
08/18/2008
Series:
Latin America Otherwise
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
336
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Chronology xiii

Acronyms xxiii

1. What Is an Indian? 1

2. Socialism 17

3. Strike! 50

4. Federacion Ecuatoriana de Indios 77

5. Guachala 105

6. Agrarian ReforM? 123

7. Return of the Indian 144

8. Pachakutik 166

Notes 195

Glossary 251

Biographies 255

Bibliography 261

Index 293

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