Indians in the Fur Trade: Their Roles as Trappers,Hunters,and Middlemen in the Lands Southwest of Hudson Bay,1660-1870 / Edition 2

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A classic study of the Assiniboine and western Cree Indians who inhabited southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan between 1660 and 1870. The second edition contains a new preface and an update on all sources.

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Editorial Reviews

American Historical Review - Harvey L. Carter
'A model study of the fur trade in all its economic aspects. ... Illuminating inferences from scattered statements in primary sources demonstrate the author's mastery of his subject.'
Canadian Historical Review - Sylvia Van Kirk
'Ray's study underscores the essential insights which multi-disciplinary approaches can bring to fur trade history.'
American Indian Quarterly - Gary C. Stein
'Ray handles his material with clarity and conciseness, providing a significant study not only of the fur trade, but of the history of cultural changes brought about by the extension of white influence over a red continent.'

'An important, ground-breaking study of the Assiniboine and Western Cree Indians ... essential reading for anyone interested in the history of the Canadian West before 1870.'

From the Publisher

'An important, ground-breaking study of the Assiniboine and Western Cree Indians ... essential reading for anyone interested in the history of the Canadian West before 1870.'

Ethnohistory - Susan R. Sharrock
'A rather remarkable historical picture of the varying, and interactive roles played by these Indians (especially the Assiniboine and Cree) in the Northwest fur trade economy, but has also analyzed the ramifications of their respective, changing roles for their migrations, seasonal movements, ecological adaptations, interethnic relations, population figures, and material culture. The reader is presented with an eagles eye view of the dynamic, overlapping demographic (both macro- and micro-) patterns of all ethnic groups in the area, together with a multiplicity of complexly interrelated causal factors which arose directly or indirectly from the Indians' participation in the fur trade.'
Plains Anthropologist - Charles E. Hanson Jr.
'One of the most significant contributions that this work makes to the literature of the fur trade is a clear and factual delineation of the relationships between the traders and the Indians. The reader becomes acutely aware of the fact that they were primarily peaceful relationships based upon interdependence and cooperation of both parties.'
'An important, ground-breaking study of the Assiniboine and Western Cree Indians ... essential reading for anyone interested in the history of the Canadian West before 1870.'
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780802079800
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/1998
  • Edition description: REVISED
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 284
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.64 (d)

Meet the Author

ARTHUR J. RAY is a professor in the Department of History at the University of British Columbia, and author of Indians in the Fur Trade and I Have Lived Here Since the World Began: An Illustrated History of Canada's Native People.
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Table of Contents

Introduction to the 1998 Edition: Reflections on Indians in the Fur Trade
Preface to the 1974 Edition
1 Trade rivalries, inter-tribal warfare, and migration 3
2 Land and life in the western interior before 1763 27
3 Traders and middlemen 51
4 Arms, brandy, beads, and sundries 72
5 Migrations, epidemics, and population changes, 1763-1821 94
6 The destruction of fur and game animals 117
7 New economic opportunities 125
8 Economic dependency and the fur trade: contrasting trends 137
9 Land and life: a changing mosaic 166
10 The changing demographic picture after 1821 182
11 Declining opportunities in a changing fur trade 195
12 End of a way of life 217
Select Bibliography for the 1974 Edition 232
Index 243
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