Indigenous Knowledge and Ethics: A Darrell Posey Reader / Edition 1

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Overview

Darrell A. Posey, who died in 2001, was internationally known for his support of indigenous peoples and their natural habitats, and particularly for his pioneering work with the KayapĆ³ people of Brazil. He was an organiser of the First International Congress of Ethnobiology which resulted in the Declaration of Belem: the first instance of an international scientific organisation recognizing an obligation to compensate native peoples for use of their knowledge and biological resources. In 1993, Posey received the United Nations Global 500 Award for Outstanding Achievement in Service to the Environment. Indigenous Knowledge and Ethics
presents seventeen of his articles on the topics of environment, indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights. Demonstrating his belief in the validity of indigenous knowledge systems, and his insistence that indigenous rights must be recognised and protected, it is an ideal introduction to his thought and work.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
Preface
Foreword
Acknowledgements
1 Introduction to ethnobiology : its implications and applications 1
Pt. I Ethnoentomology 7
2 Topics and issues in ethnoentomology with some suggestions for the development of hypothesis-generation and testing in ethnobiology 9
3 Ethnoentomological survey of Brazilian Indians 23
4 Entomological considerations in south-eastern aboriginal demography 34
5 An ethnoentomological perspective of the south-eastern Indian belief system 43
Pt. II Wider applications of indigenous knowledge 51
6 The application of ethnobiology in the conservation of dwindling natural resources : lost knowledge or options for the survival of the planet 53
7 Ethnobiology and ethnodevelopment : importance of traditional knowledge and traditional peoples 63
8 Ethnoecology as applied anthropology in Amazonian development 70
9 The perception of ecological zones and natural resources in the Brazilian Amazon : an ethnoecology of Lake Coari 88
10 Diachronic ecotones and anthropogenic landscapes in Amazonia : contesting the consciousness of conservation 121
11 Indigenous knowledge, biodivesity, and international rights : learning about forests from the Kayapo Indians of the Brazilian Amazon 133
Pt. III Intellectual property rights and ethical concerns 141
12 Intellectual property rights : what is the position of ethnobiology? 143
13 Indigenous knowledge and green consumerism : co-operation or conflict? 148
14 Traditional resource rights (TRR) : de facto self-determination for indigenous peoples 155
15 Finders keepers won't do any more : Darrell Posey says the time has come for a rethink on bioprospecting 169
16 Indigenous peoples and traditional resource rights : a basis for equitable relationships? 172
17 The 'balance sheet' and the 'sacred balance' : valuing the knowledge of indigenous and traditional peoples 195
App. 1 Ethnobiology 206
App. 2 The declaration of Belem 208
App. 3 The convention on biological diversity (extracts) 210
App. 4 United Nations draft declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples 210
App. 5 The covenant on intellectual, cultural, and scientific resources 218
App. 6 Traditional resource rights 222
App. 7 Summary of principle intellectual property rights instruments 223
App. 8 Scientific and professional societies that have developed guidelines on intellectual property rights 225
App. 9 Research principles for community-controlled research with the Tapirisat Inuit of Canada (selected principles) 226
App. 10 Kari-Oca declaration and indigenous peoples earth charter 226
App. 11 Principles for 'equitable partnerships' established by the International Society for Ethnobiology 235
Notes 237
Bibliography 240
Index 270
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