Indigenous South Americans Of The Past And Present / Edition 1

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Overview


Utilizing ethnographic and archaeological data and an updated paradigm derived from the best features of cultural ecology and ecological anthropology, this extensively illustrated book addresses over fifteen South American adaptive systems representing a broad cross section of band, village, chiefdom, and state societies throughout the continent over the past 13,000 years.Indigenous South Americans of the Past and Present presents data on both prehistoric and recent indigenous groups across the entire continent within an explicit theoretical framework. Introductory chapters provide a brief overview of the variability that has characterized these groups over the long period of indigenous adaptation to the continent and examine the historical background of the ecological and cultural evolutionary paradigm. The book then presents a detailed overview of the principal environmental contexts within which indigenous adaptive systems have survived and evolved over thousands of years. It discusses the relationship between environmental types and subsistence productivity, on the one hand, and between these two variables and sociopolitical complexity, on the other. Subsequent chapters proceed in sequential order that is at once evolutionary (from the least to the most complex groups) and geographical (from the least to the most productive environments)—around the continent in counterclockwise fashion from the hunter-gatherers of Tierra del Fuego in the far south; to the villagers of the Amazonian lowlands; to the chiefdoms of the Amazon várzea and the far northern Andes; and, finally, to the chiefdoms and states of the Peruvian Andes. Along the way, detailed presentations and critiques are made of a number of theories based on the South American data that have worldwide implications for our understanding of prehistoric and recent adaptive systems.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Uses ethnographical and archaeological data and an updated paradigm derived from the best features of cultural ecology and ecological anthropology to describe and examine some 15 South American adaptive systems representing a broad cross section of band, village, chiefdom, and state societies throughout the continent over the past 13,000 years. Detailed presentations and critiques are made of theories based on South American data that have implications for our understanding of prehistoric and recent adaptive systems. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813336107
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1998
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 504
  • Sales rank: 1,435,364
  • Lexile: 1690L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 1.12 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author


David J. Wilson is associate professor of anthropology and director of undergraduate at Southern Methodist University.
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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
Acknowledgments
1 Introduction 1
South American Indigenous Groups 2
Scope of This Book 6
2 Theoretical Approach 10
Historical Background 11
Perspective of This Book 22
3 An Overview of South American Environments 39
Continent Formation 40
Environmental Zones 44
4 Subsistence and Sociocultural Development 61
Subsistence Productivity 62
Productivity and Sociopolitical Integration 66
Andean Cultivars 69
Agricultural Origins 78
Later Andean Cultivars 90
Hallucinogenic Plants 92
Kallawaya Medicinal Herbs 100
5 Band Societies Present and Past 109
Band-Level Marginality 112
The Ona and Yahgan 114
The Nukak 138
The Paleoindian Period 147
6 Amazonian Villages and Chiefdoms 168
Environments and Adaptation 171
The Mundurucu, Yanomamo, and Shuar-Jivaro 186
The Desana 231
The Omagua 241
Roosevelt's and Clastres's Models 247
7 Northwest Villages and Chiefdoms 251
The Kogi 253
The Tairona Predecessors 270
Valdivia Culture 276
8 Contemporary Central Andean Villages 286
Adaptation to the Sierra 289
The Q'eros Quechua 304
The Kallawaya 317
9 Prehistoric Central Andean States 334
Adaptation to Coastal Peru 337
Moseley's Maritime Complexity Model 342
Carneiro's Coercive Model 356
The Chavin Cult 371
The Moche 381
The Inca 403
10 Toward a Scientific Paradigm in South Americanist Studies 429
The Systems-Hierarchical Evolutionary Paradigm 430
Other Paradigms, Other Models 435
Indigenous Adaptive Systems 441
Glossary 451
References 457
Index 469
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