Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster: The Structure of Human Chaos / Edition 1by Robert J. Ursano
Pub. Date: 02/28/2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Coping with disaster is an overwhelming and often baffling task for survivors, rescue workers, and clinicians. This volume looks in depth at how people experience trauma and suggests practical strategies for treatment. The authors examine issues ranging from the biological basis of posttraumatic stress reaction to the psychosocial and fictional construction of terror, and disasters ranging from random acts of violence to war. From Chernobyl to Desert Storm, from Kentucky floods to Norwegian avalanches, the authors explore the effects of trauma on adults and children. They find certain commonalities in human response to disasters of all kinds, and hold that by understanding these partially predictable patterns of reaction, mastery of chaos, and finally recovery can occur. Based on their comprehensive analysis, they suggest disaster intervention strategies that emphasize recognition of the psychological effects of trauma, as well as preparedness and prevention.
- Cambridge University Press
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- New Edition
- Product dimensions:
- 5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.98(d)
Table of ContentsPart I. Introduction: 1. Trauma and disaster R. J. Ursano, C . S. Fullerton and B. G. McCaughey; Part II. The Nature of Traumatic Stress: 2. The psychology of terror and its aftermath H. C. Holloway and C. S. Fullerton; 3. Exposure to traumatic death: the nature of the stressor R. J. Ursano and J. E. McCarroll; 4. Psychological and psychiatric aspects of technological disasters L. Weisaeth; 5. Traumatic effects of accidents U. F. Malt; 6.The human experience of earthquakes B. G. McCaughey, K. J. Hoffman and C. H. Llewellyn; 7. Psychological effects of toxic contamination B. L. Green, J. D . Lindy and M. C. Grace; Part III. The Role of Psychosocial Contaxt in Responses to Trauma and Disasters: 8. Social support and perceived control as moderators of responses to dioxin and flood exposure S. D. Solomon and E. M. Smith; 9. Debriefing following traumatic exposure A. Y. Shalev; 10. Relocation stress following natural disasters E. T. Gerrity and P. Steinglass; 11. Group reactions to trauma: an avalanche accident P. Herlofsen; 12. Community responses to disaster: the Gander plane crash K. M. Wright and P. T. Bartone; Part IV. Responses to Trauma Across the Life Cycle: 13. Children of war and children at war: child victims of terrorism in Mozambique J. A. Shaw and J. J. Harris; 14. Stress and coping with the trauma of war in the Persian Gulf: the hospital ship USNS Comfort M. P. Dinneen, R. J. Pentzien and J. M. Mateczun; 15. Long-term sequelae of combat in World War II, Korea and Vietnam: a comparative study R. Rosenheck and A. Fontana; 16. Psychophysiological aspects of chronic stress following trauma L. M. Davidson and A. Baum; 17. Individual and community reactions to the Kentucky floods: findings from a longitudinal study of older adults F. H. Norris, J. F. Phifer and K. Kaniasty; Conclusions; 18. The structure of human chaos R. J. Ursano, B. G. McCaughey and C .S. Fullerton.
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Excellent volume for leaders of cities, communities and mental health care providers. Should be required reading to deal with present disaster.