Industrial Ecology: Towards Closing the Materials Cycle

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Industrial Ecology is perhaps the first serious attempt to go beyond general statements regarding the desirability of 'clean technology' and to assess realistically and quantitatively the range of practicable possibilities for reducing materials extraction, consumption and waste. This major new book examines strategic options for reducing wastes and pollution and increasing the productivity of materials. Using an industrial ecology perspective, the authors analyse thirteen generic cases of material, beginning with four families of metals (aluminium, chromium, copper and zinc), several families of chemicals (phosphates and fluorine, sulfur-based, nitrogen-based and chlorine-based), silicon and several different types of waste. Opportunities for creating 'industrial ecosystems' by deliberate design are discussed as well as the use of low-value by-products as feed stocks for useful products. In addition to surveying the technological possibilities, the authors also consider the public interest, institutional barriers and the range of possible alternatives that might be applicable. Environmental scientists, economists, practitioners and policy makers will welcome Industrial Ecology's integrated approach and the emphasis which it places on resource productivity, materials cycle optimization and waste minimization.
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Editorial Reviews

Provides a quantitative assessment of the desirability of "clean technology" and the range of practicable possibilities for reducing materials extraction, consumption, and waste. The authors examine strategic options, analyze thirteen generic cases of material using an industrial ecology perspective, discuss opportunities for creating "industrial ecosystems" by design, evaluate the use of low-value by-products as feed stocks for useful products, and consider a range of issues including the public interest, institutional barriers, and the range of possible alternatives. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
Journal of Industrial Ecology
'Ayres and Ayres's Industrial Ecology is a significant addition to the field, full of new and provocative ideas. While most works on industrial ecology can manage only a handful of case studies, the list of chapters in itself shows that this is a tour de force.'
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781858983974
  • Publisher: Elgar, Edward Publishing, Inc.
  • Publication date: 8/1/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 6.43 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.09 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables
List of Figures
1 Introduction: materials perspective 1
2 Resource perspective 18
3 Alumina, aluminum and gallium 32
4 Copper, cobalt, silver and arsenic 51
5 Chromium sources, uses and losses 69
6 Zinc and cadmium 81
7 Sulfur and sulfuric acid 97
8 Phosphorus, fluorine and gypsum 116
9 Nitrogen-based chemicals 131
10 The chlor-alkali sector 158
11 Electronic grade silicon (EGS) for semiconductors 180
12 Post-consumer packaging wastes 205
13 Scrap tires 235
14 Coal ash: sources and possible uses 259
15 On industrial ecosystems 273
16 Summary and conclusions 294
Appendix A Production and consumption data 307
Appendix B Data sources for the study 325
References 333
Index of individual chemicals and chemical compounds 349
Index of organizations 357
General index 360
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