Industry in the Countryside: Wealden Society in the Sixteenth Century

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Industry in the countryside is a wide-ranging and readable study of manufacturing before the Industrial Revolution. It examines the widely debated theory of 'proto-industrialization', drawing on data from the Kentish Weald - an area which was already the centre of cottage industry in the Tudor era, and was also the earliest rural manufacturing region to 'de-industrialize'. The book analyses the Wealden textile industry from its workforce to its industrialists, and emphasizes the ubiquity of dual employment among textile workers and the importance of landownership to the entrepreneurs who financed rural clothmaking. It explores the local context of cottage industry: the pattern of landholding and inheritance, the local farming regime, and the demographic background to rural industrialization. Zell outlines what type of local economy became the site of this so-called 'proto-industry' and shows the impact of cottage industry on the people of such regions. He concludes by asking, is there anything in the 'proto-industrialization' model?
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
List of abbreviations
1 Introduction 1
2 Landholding, inheritance and the local land market 10
3 Demographic movements, household structure and geographical mobility 52
4 The Wealden agrarian regime 88
5 Occupational structure and levels of wealth in the Weald 113
6 The textile industry in the Weald 153
7 Clothiers and capitalism 189
8 The Weald and 'proto-industrialization' 228
Bibliography 247
Index 254
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