Infant Baptism And The Covenant Of Grace

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780802817136
  • Publisher: Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 7/19/1978
  • Pages: 268
  • Product dimensions: 0.61 (w) x 5.00 (h) x 8.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface 1
Abstract of the Argument 7
Part 1 A Consideration Of The Historical Question
I. Infant Baptism And The Practice Of The Ancient Church
A. Introduction 13
B. Infant Baptism in the Western Church
1. Augustine, A.D. 400 16
2. Cyprian, A.D. 251-253 18
3. Tertullian, A.D. 200-206 20
4. Hippolytus, A.D. 215-217 22
5. Irenaeus, A.D. 180 25
6. Aristides, A.D. 117-138 27
C. Infant Baptism in the Eastern Church
1. Introduction 29
2. Origen, A.D. 233-244 30
3. Clement, A.D. 195 32
D. Children in the Ancient Church 35
E. Conclusion
1. Introduction 39
2. Infant Communion 41
3. The Catechumenate and Sponsorship 43
II. Infant Baptism And The Practice Of The Apostles
A. Household Baptisms 47
B. Children in the New Testament Church 54
C. Jesus Blesses Little Children
1. Introduction 55
2. The Contemporary Discussion 56
3. Conclusion 59
D. The Baptism of Jewish Proselytes 63
III. Concluding Observations On The Historical Question 69
Part 2 A Consideration Of The Theological Question
I. Infant Baptism And The Covenant Of Grace
A. Introduction 75
B. The Reformed Tradition 77
C. The Covenant Argument Elaborated
1. Introduction 82
2. The Analogy of Baptism to Circumcision 85
D. A Critical Evaluation of the Argument from the Covenant
1. Introduction 89
2. The Old Testament Read as though It Were the New
a. Introduction 93
b. The Institution of Circumcision as a Covenant Sign 98
c. The Circumcision of Ishmael and the Sons of Keturah 99
d. The Circumcision of Israel as a Nation 101
e. The Old Testament Jewish Mission 103
3. The New Testament Read as though It Were the Old
a. Introduction 104
b. The Old Testament Promise of a Land, the Theocratic Ideal of the Reformers, and Kierkegaard's "Christendom" 105
c. The Old Testament Promise of a Fleshly Seed and the Paedobaptist Concept of "Covenant Children" 113
d. I Corinthians 7:14: "Holy" Children 122
II. Infant Baptism And The Definition Of Baptism
A. Introduction 139
B. Lutheranism and the Pietists; Anglicanism and the Wesleyans 143
C. The Reformed Tradition
1. Introduction 144
2. The Position of Calvin 145
3. Covenant Children Presumed Regenerate 147
4. Covenant Children Given a Conditional Promise 150
5. Covenant Children and Parental Faithfulness 152
6. Covenant Children Presumed Elect 155
7. Conclusion 158
D. The Relation of Faith to Baptism and the Practice of Infant Baptism
1. Introduction 160
2. The Paedobaptist View of Infant Faith (fides infantilis) 165
3. Infants Made an Exception to the New Testament "Faith-Baptism" Sequence 172
4. The Paedobaptist View of Vicarious Faith (fides vicaria)
a. Introduction 176
b. The Lutheran and Anglican Churches 179
c. The Presbyterian and Reformed Churches 181
E. Confirmation: The Completion of Infant Baptism
1. The Lutheran and Anglican Traditions 185
2. The Reformed Tradition 189
III. Infant Baptism And Believer Communion
A. Introduction 193
B. Paedobaptists Contrast the Sacraments 194
C. The Basic Similarity between Passover and Eucharist 201
IV. Addendum: Strictures Upon Certain Aspects Of The Paedobaptist Argument 209
Part 3 Believer Baptism Defended And Expounded In Terms Of Covenant Theology
I. Objections To Believer Baptism Considered
A. Biblical and Unbiblical Individualism 219
B. Biblical and Unbiblical Subjectivism 226
C. On the Restricting of Covenant Privilege 228
II. Covenant Theology Implies Believer Baptism
A. Introduction 233
B. Theological Statement of the Position 235
C. Considerations Commending the Position 238
Bibliography 245
Index 251
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