The Infinity Puzzle: Quantum Field Theory and the Hunt for an Orderly Universe

( 19 )

Overview


Speculation is rife that by 2012 the elusive Higgs boson will be found at the Large Hadron Collider. If found, the Higgs boson would help explain why everything has mass. But there’s more at stake—what we’re really testing is our capacity to make the universe reasonable.

Our best understanding of physics is predicated on something known as quantum field theory. Unfortunately, in its raw form, it doesn’t make sense—its outputs are physically impossible infinite percentages when ...

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The Infinity Puzzle: Quantum Field Theory and the Hunt for an Orderly Universe

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Overview


Speculation is rife that by 2012 the elusive Higgs boson will be found at the Large Hadron Collider. If found, the Higgs boson would help explain why everything has mass. But there’s more at stake—what we’re really testing is our capacity to make the universe reasonable.

Our best understanding of physics is predicated on something known as quantum field theory. Unfortunately, in its raw form, it doesn’t make sense—its outputs are physically impossible infinite percentages when they should be something simpler, like the number 1. The kind of physics that the Higgs boson represents seeks to “renormalize” field theory, forcing equations to provide answers that match what we see in the real world.

The Infinity Puzzle is the story of a wild idea on the road to acceptance. Only Close can tell it.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Close (The Cosmic Onion) explains the science behind the billion international effort to discover the Higgs boson: a fundamental subatomic particle that scientists believe could account for the origins of our universe. Under the auspices of CERN in Switzerland, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was constructed to accelerate particles near to the speed of light. By creating miniature matter/anti-matter collisions in "a small region of space, what the universe as a whole was like in the first moments after the Big Bang." Close voyages through the major scientific discoveries in high energy physics that began in 1928, when Paul Dirac married quantum mechanics with Special Relativity, laying the basis for the major technical advances from which we benefit in today's digital world. Along the way we meet some major figures in the field whose breakthroughs have illuminated the deepest mysteries of physics and cosmology, resulting in an engrossing history that's also accessible for a general audience. Agency: Conville & Walsh. (Dec.)
From the Publisher
"An engrossing history that's also accessible for a general audience." —-Publishers Weekly
Kirkus Reviews
Close (Theoretical Physics; Oxford Univ./Neutrino, 2010, etc.) chronicles the search for the elusive Higgs Boson particle (the "God Particle"). The author begins with Quantum Electrodynamics, Paul Dirac's groundbreaking but flawed 1928 model that unified Special Relativity and Quantum theory, and examines how it led to a succession of important discoveries: gauge invariance, renormalization, parity violations, the existence of quarks, symmetry breaking and the existence of new weird particles such as the Higgs Boson. Experiments to verify the theories needed larger and larger accelerators, with high-energy particles colliding at speeds of 300,000 kilometers per second. A major thread of the story is the interaction between the key scientists, many of whom the author knew personally, as they vied for recognition and the final accolade of a Nobel Prize. Close explains that it is not only necessary to make a great discovery but to be the first to publish it. Waiting for confirming results before publishing may prove disastrous in the competition. Throughout, the author chronicles the winners and losers in the annual Nobel sweepstakes, giving them recognition for their achievements and providing a lively thread for readers who may be struggling to comprehend the science. The story culminates with the Large Hadron Collider, which has been fully operational since 2009 but has yet to produce results. Its effort to verify the existence of the Higgs Boson by "recreat[ing] the conditions of the early universe in the laboratory" comes with a hefty price tag. In the author's view, the 60-year effort to confront "the paradox of the Infinity Puzzle has brought us to the threshold of being able to address the question of existence itself." Close ably demonstrates the stakes in this perhaps misplaced, hubristic effort.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780465063826
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • Publication date: 6/25/2013
  • Edition description: First Trade Paper Edition
  • Pages: 464
  • Sales rank: 680,375
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author


Frank Close is a Professor of Theoretical Physics at Oxford University and Fellow and Tutor in Physics at Exeter College, Oxford. He is the winner of the Kelvin Medal for the public understanding of physics and the author of ten books. He lives in Abingdon, England.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Prologue: Amsterdam, 1971 1

Part 1 Genesis

1 The Point of Infinity 17

2 Shelter Island and QED 33

3 Feynman, Schwinger,… and Tomonaga (and Dyson) 55

Intermission: 1950 65

4 Abdus Salam: A Strong Beginning 67

5 Yang, Mills,… and Shaw 77

6 The Identity of John Ward 93

7 The Marriage of Weak and Electromagnetic Forces-to 1964 107

Intermission: i960 125

8 Broken Symmetries 127

9 "The Boson That Has Been Named After Me," a.k.a. the Higgs Boson 151

Intermission: Mid-1960s 183

10 1967: From Kibble to Salam and Weinberg 185

11 "And Now I Introduce Mr. 't Hooft" 203

Intermission: Early 1970s 229

Part 2 REVELATION

12 B. J. and the Cosmic Quarks 233

13 A Comedy of Errors 257

Intermission: 1975 281

14 Heavy Light 283

15 Warmly Admired, Richly Deserved 295

16 The Big Machine 313

Intermission: End of the Twentieth Century 333

17 To Infinity and Beyond 335

Epilogue 353

Postscript 357

Glossary 359

Notes 365

Bibliography 413

Index 417

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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
( 19 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(11)

4 Star

(3)

3 Star

(4)

2 Star

(1)

1 Star

(0)

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Sort by: Showing all of 19 Customer Reviews
  • Posted February 8, 2012

    Interesting read on Nobel prizes in physics

    This is an interesting read about the development of quantum mechanics in the mid to late 20th century. While the physics involved is not always easily understood, the personalities and politicking involved in the awarding of the Nobel prize are quite interesting. Some folks seem to have been overlooked (James Bjorking is the primary of these) while others seemed to have gotten one by totting their own horn.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted February 3, 2012

    Good read

    First, to address the one negative review. Frank Close is a physicist, please get your facts straight before posting review in the future.

    Secondly, as a lover of physics (and holder of a BS in the subject), I found this book to be very interesting. Not only does it explain Quantum Electrodynamics well it provides a great story about the work in the field.

    2 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 8, 2014

    BRONIES!!!!

    LE REDDIT ARMY IS HERE

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 30, 2013

    Star

    NAME Star
    GENDER mare
    AGE 4 years
    LOOKS a black mare with a long black mane and blue eyes. Has a white star shape on her forehead.
    MATE looking
    FOALS none.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 30, 2013

    Allsea and Narno's Bio

    •NAME: Allsea--
    •GENDER: Mare--
    •DESCRIPTION: A beautiful fiery red Quarter Horse mare with two white socks and white mane and tail and leafy green eyes--
    •CRUSH: No--
    •MATE: Looking--
    •FOALS: No--
    •PERSONALITY: A sweet mare who is very loving--<p>
    •NAME: Narno--
    •GENDER: Stallion--
    •DESCRIPTION: A black and white Paint stallion with calm hazel eyes--
    •CRUSH: No--
    •MATE: Looking--
    •FOALS: No--
    •PERSONALITY: A shy stallion, but awesome when you get to know him--

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 30, 2013

    Wings that Fly High and Rain that Splashes

    {Name}~Wings that Fly High(Wing) {Gender}~Female {Breed}~Pegasus {Looks}~A medium build paint horse with a white snout and white socks. She has a creamy white tail and main. And snow white wings. She had large hazel eyes. {Personality}~Meet her. {Mate}~No {Crush}~Secret {Foals}~No {Power}~She can talk to other animals except humans. •• {Name}~Rain that Splashes(Rain) {Gender}~Male {Breed}~Percheron {Looks}~A large percheron with a dark grey coat and lighter grey flecks. He has a light grey main and tail and white socks. He has bright blue eyes {Personality}~Meet Him. {Mate}~None {Crush}~Secret {Foals}~No {Power}~None

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted August 2, 2013

    Vala and Ori

    NAME Vala <p>AGE 3 years old <p>GENDER mare<p>DESC a slender and graceful built dark dapple grey Arabian with dark grey mane and tail and sky blue eyes. <p>PERS spirited but quite and gentle hearted loving but protective. <p>KIN Adria (sister) Ori (neice) <p>MATE none<p>CRUSH Rising Stor<p>FOAL none <p>••<p> NAME Ori (Or-I)<>AGE 9 months old <p>GENDER filly <p>DESC a pure white filly with flowy mane and tail with brown eyes.<p>PERS respectful and quite but fun and adventurous. Spirited and stubborn<p>KIN look at vala <p>MATE none<p>CRUSH none <p>FOAL none

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 26, 2013

    Princess and bb(black beauty) bio

    Princess:hi im princess. My age is 17 and im a girl. I have a brother bb(black beauty) nd he is fun to be around. I have no mate or crush but i do want one. Im very loving kind strong and sweet. Im a beautiful white horse with a blue mane blue tail and qhite wings with blue tipped at the end.(from hercules) i am a friendly horse to be around. Oh my eye color brown chocolate eyes. Thanks.*****************************************************
    Hi im black beauty. But you can call me bb for short. Im a male. I have my sister princess who is funny and kind. Im 17 years old. Im a strong fast horse all black with a white diamond on my muzzle and white tipped wings all black that black into whte at the tip. My crush is infinity my mate is infinity and im hoping that one day we will have colts. Im am very proud to be part of this facility and i hope im accepted. Thank you. Oh my eye color is amber eyes. Thank you once more.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 29, 2013

    Infinity's Bio

    Name: Infinity *** Gender: mare *** Age: 5 years (a mature adult horse) *** Type: Allicorn (unicorn pegasus mix) *** Breed: Lippiziner-Mustang *** Appearance: Infinity is a white mare with gray hooves and nose. Her mane and tail are long silvery white while her eyes are deep brownish-black. Her wings are long and feathered, and they go from black at the tips down to white as they near her shoulders. Her horn is silvery gray with a black-fade-to-white spiral. She has blue jay feathers weaved into her mane and tail and the symol for the # infinity on her hind left thigh. Her wings and horn glow where her powers are in use. *** Powers: Infinity can heal others, move objects, shapeshift into a cat, wolf, or person (which she doesn't do often), and of course fly. *** Personality: Infinity is calm, fair, loving, caring, a natrual leader, loyal, and courageous. If you make her very angry, stand back, she is likely to attack. *** Mate: none, would like one *** Crush: not telling. Hint, its a stalion. (All stallions are males by the way). *** Foals: none, wants a few *** Past: doesn't ever want to talk about it. *** Signature: *~!nf!n!†y~*

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted July 31, 2013

    Angels bio

    Update later&infin

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 26, 2013

    Rainbow Dash's Awesome Bio!

    NAME You're joking, right?

    AGE 17 (in human years I'm not sure about pony)

    GENDER I'M A STALLION!!! *Rolls eyes and facehoofs.*

    EYE COLOR magenta or dark rose

    COAT COLOR cyan blue

    MANE/TAIL COLOR rainbow, duh!

    SPECIES pegasus

    PERS that of the MLP Rainbow Dash

    OTHER just ask!

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted February 5, 2013

    Js scavenger hunt

    Now that you found #3 search one diary of a wimpy kid

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted September 7, 2012

    Very interesting - Must like details - Text book like.

    Frank covers the subject of Quantum Theory in great details. He includes a lot of history about those involved in evaluating the theory. It is a bit heavy reading if not interested in atomic science. Not for the casual reader.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted April 9, 2012

    more from this reviewer

    Since its completion in 2008, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at

    Since its completion in 2008, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN has been the focus of a lot of news coverage. It is by far the largest scientific project in history, and very likely the last such project for the foreseeable future. And yet, it has been fairly difficult to explain to the general public the exact purpose of LHC and what sorts of questions are the scientists trying to answer by culling over its experimental results. One of the things that LHC is trying to find is the putative &ldquo;Higgs boson,&rdquo; whose existence has been postulated for almost half a century, and without which much of our understanding of particle physics would be incomplete. However, the reasons for the need of the Higgs boson are very hard to express in the layman&rsquo;s terms. It is the particle that gives all the other particles mass, and without it (or something like it) it would be impossible to justify many of the theoretical results that have proven so incredibly insightful over the past few decades. Some popularizes of science have even resorted to calling it &ldquo;the God particle,&rdquo; which in my opinion is one of the most unfortunate and gratuitously obscure &ldquo;descriptions&rdquo; of any phenomenon in all of science.

    In &ldquo;The Infinity Puzzle&rdquo; Frank Close delves deep into the theoretical background that has lead to the postulation of the Higgs Boson. Higgs Boson turns out to be an indispensible ingredient for the theoretical formulation of the electroweak theory &ndash; the unified theory of electromagnetic and weak interactions. The modern formulation of that theory, the so-called Glashow-Weinberg-Salam model, has come at the end of a long series of abortive attempts at unification, and has been followed by even a longer succession of theoretical and experimental verifications. The discovery of the Higgs Boson would be the final validation of that model, and it would also potentially shed some light on the rest of the Standard Model of particles and fields.

    This book primarily focuses on personal histories of many of the actors that have contributed to the electroweak theory and experiment, going all the way back to the middle of the twentieth century. These are fascinating personal stories that have been long overdue for a comprehensive popular treatment. Even people like myself whose professional careers have been influenced by the electroweak and similar theories (known as &ldquo;gauge theories&rdquo;) have a rudimentary knowledge of their historical development. However, I was hoping that this book would be more focused on physics in its own right, and much less concerned with history. I&rsquo;ve read several other books by Frank Close (&ldquo;Nothing: A very Short introduction,&rdquo; &ldquo;Neutrino&rdquo;) and from reading those I&rsquo;ve come impressed by Close&rsquo;s ability to present complex physical ideas in an accessible and highly informative manner. &ldquo;The Infinity Puzzle&rdquo; turns out to be a very different kind of book. Aside from being overly historical, it also spends too much time on &ldquo;inside baseball&rdquo; minutia and arcana that even those who are inside baseball will probably just skip over. I am really not interested in getting the information straight on who presented which scientific talk in what form back in the early 1970s, and I can&rsquo;t imagine that most readers of this book would care much about this either. This is a very interesting and accessible book, but I am afraid that the choice of topics might be too recondite for the kind of audience that this book is aimed at.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 15, 2012

    Very loose ends...

    Obviously, the author is not a physicist. He creates his own jargon and gets lost in it. A few good views though.

    0 out of 8 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 4, 2014

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted December 10, 2011

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted February 5, 2012

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted January 17, 2012

    No text was provided for this review.

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