Information Systems and the Environment

Overview

Information technology is a powerful tool for meeting environmental objectives and promoting sustainable development. This collection of papers by leaders in industry, government, and academia explores how information technology can improve environmental performance by individual firms, collaborations among firms, and collaborations among firms, government agencies, and academia.

Information systems can also be used by nonprofit organizations and the government to inform the ...

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Overview

Information technology is a powerful tool for meeting environmental objectives and promoting sustainable development. This collection of papers by leaders in industry, government, and academia explores how information technology can improve environmental performance by individual firms, collaborations among firms, and collaborations among firms, government agencies, and academia.

Information systems can also be used by nonprofit organizations and the government to inform the public about broad environmental issues and environmental conditions in their neighborhoods.

Several papers address the challenges to information management posed by the explosive increase in information and knowledge about environmental issues and potential solutions, including determining what information is environmentally relevant and how it can be used in decision making. In addition, case studies are described and show how industry is using information systems to ensure sustainable development and meet environmental standards.

The book also includes examples from the public sector showing how governments use information knowledge systems to disseminate “best practices” beyond big firms to small businesses, and from the world of the Internet showing how knowledge is shared among environmental advocates and the general public.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
This text presents a selection of papers from a July 1997 workshop focusing on the role of knowledge and information technology, held by the National Academy of Engineering as part of its program on technology and sustainable development. Fourteen essays are grouped into sections on the information technology revolution and industrial ecology, information systems within individual corporations, and examples of evolving relationships between corporations and society as a whole. A sampling of topics: intellectual property rights in data, knowledge sharing, environmental knowledge for competitive advantage, and public access to environmental information. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309062435
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 9/6/2001
  • Pages: 238
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Information Systems and the Environment: Overview and Perspectives 1
The Information Technology Revolution and Industrial Ecology
The Information Revolution and Sustainability: Mutually Reinforcing Dimensions of the Human Future 15
Intellectual Property Rights in Data 45
Information Systems Within the Firm
Improving Environmental Knowledge Sharing 59
Using Environmental Knowledge Systems at DuPont 81
Environmental Information Management Systems at Rhone-Poulenc 87
Environmental Knowledge-Sharing in Manufacturing 95
Modular Design for Recyclability: Implementation and Knowledge Dissemination 105
Environmental Information in Supply-Chain Design and Coordination 115
Simulation Models for Information Sharing and Collaboration 139
Opportunities for Collaboration and New Technologies
Industrial Research and Development Collaborations: Increasing Environmental Knowledge for Competitive Advantage 151
InfoSleuth: An Emerging Technology for Sharing Distributed Environmental Information 159
Public Access to Environmental Information 173
Internet Global Environmental Information Sharing 185
Knowledge Networking for Global Sustainability: New Modes of Cyberpartnering 195
Biographical Data 211
Index 219
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