Information Visualization: Perception for Design / Edition 1

Information Visualization: Perception for Design / Edition 1

by Colin Ware, Jakob Nielsen, Jakob Neilsen, Jonathan Grudin, Stuart Card
     
 

ISBN-10: 1558605118

ISBN-13: 9781558605114

Pub. Date: 10/28/2000

Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books

Most designers know that yellow text presented against a blue background reads clearly and easily, but how many can explain why, and what really are the best ways to help others and ourselves clearly see key patterns in a bunch of data? When we use software, access a web site, or view graphics, our understanding is greatly enhanced or impeded by the way information is

Overview

Most designers know that yellow text presented against a blue background reads clearly and easily, but how many can explain why, and what really are the best ways to help others and ourselves clearly see key patterns in a bunch of data? When we use software, access a web site, or view graphics, our understanding is greatly enhanced or impeded by the way information is presented. By explaining in detail how we think visually, this book provides guidance on how to construct effective interactive information displays.

This book combines a strictly scientific approach to human perception with a practical concern for the rules governing the effective visual presentation of information. Surveying the research of leading psychologists and neurophysiologists, author Colin Ware isolates key principles at work in vision and perception, and from them derives specific and effective visualization techniques suitable for a wide range of scenarios. Information Visualization offers practical guidelines that can be applied by anyone, and covers all facets of visual perception: color, organization, space perception, motion, and texture.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781558605114
Publisher:
Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date:
10/28/2000
Series:
Morgan Kaufmann Series in Interactive Technology
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
464
Product dimensions:
7.38(w) x 9.23(h) x 0.97(d)

Table of Contents

Figure Creditsxv
Forewordxvii
Prefacexix
Preface to the First Editionxxi
Chapter 1Foundation for a Science of Data Visualization1
Visualization Stages4
Experimental Semiotics Based on Perception5
A Model of Perceptual Processing20
Types of Data23
Metadata26
Conclusion27
Chapter 2The Environment, Optics, Resolution, and the Display29
The Environment30
The Eye38
The Optimal Display62
Conclusion67
Chapter 3Lightness, Brightness, Contrast, and Constancy69
Neurons, Receptive Fields, and Brightness Illusions70
Luminance, Brightness, Lightness, and Gamma80
Conclusion93
Chapter 4Color97
Trichromacy Theory98
Color Blindness99
Color Measurement100
CIE System of Color Standards103
Opponent Process Theory110
Color Appearance116
Applications of Color in Visualization119
Conclusion143
Chapter 5Visual Attention and Information that Pops Out145
Searching the Visual Field146
Reading from the Iconic Buffer147
Neural Processing, Graphemes, and Tuned Receptors159
The Gabor Model and Texture in Visualization161
Texture Coding Information164
Glyphs and Multivariate Discrete Data176
Conclusion185
Chapter 6Static and Moving Patterns187
Gestalt Laws189
More on Contours198
Perception of Transparency: Overlapping Data205
The Perceptual Syntax of Diagrams210
Patterns in Motion217
Conclusion225
Chapter 7Visual Objects and Data Objects227
Image-Based Object Recognition228
Structure-Based Object Recognition233
Faces237
The Object Display and Object-Based Diagrams239
Perceiving the Surface Shapes of Objects243
Cushion Maps255
Integration255
Conclusion257
Chapter 8Space Perception and the Display of Data in Space259
Depth Cue Theory259
Task-Based Space Perception283
Conclusion294
Chapter 9Images, Words, and Gestures297
Coding Words and Images297
The Nature of Language299
Visual and Spoken Language301
Animated Visual Languages312
Conclusion315
Chapter 10Interacting with Visualizations317
Data Selection and Manipulation Loop318
Exploration and Navigation Loop325
Conclusion349
Chapter 11Thinking with Visualizations351
Memory Systems352
Eye Movements363
Problem Solving with Visualizations370
Creative Problem Solving383
Conclusion385
Appendix AChanging Primaries387
Appendix BCIE Color Measurement System389
Appendix CThe Perceptual Evaluation of Visualization Techniques and Systems393
Research Goals393
Psychophysics394
Cognitive Psychology397
Structural Analysis398
Statistical Exploration400
Cross-Cultural Studies401
Child Studies401
Practical Problems in Conducting User Studies402
Bibliography405
Subject Index451
Author Index479
About the Author485

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