Injury Biomechanics and Control: Optimal Protection from Impact / Edition 1

Injury Biomechanics and Control: Optimal Protection from Impact / Edition 1

by Walter D. Pilkey, Pilkey, Nikolai N. Bolotnik, Dmitry V. Balandin
     
 

Injury control, a new branch of engineering science, is developing rapidly, incorporating the fundamentals of biomechanics, engineering mechanics, and control design. This book covers optimal protection from impact, especially the prevention of injuries. The book's first part presents the fundamentals of impact, without specific reference to injury control.

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Overview

Injury control, a new branch of engineering science, is developing rapidly, incorporating the fundamentals of biomechanics, engineering mechanics, and control design. This book covers optimal protection from impact, especially the prevention of injuries. The book's first part presents the fundamentals of impact, without specific reference to injury control. Building on the first part, the second part deals with particular injuries. Treating the human body as a multi-faceted engineering system, the coverage illustrates system designs to prevent injury under specific environmental conditions, whether in an automobile, aircraft, or military situation.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470100158
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
12/02/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

PREFACE.

BASIC TERMINOLOGY. 

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.

1.1 The Structure of the Book.

1.2 Related Studies.

References.

CHAPTER 2 FUNDAMENTALS OF IMPACT AND SHOCKISOLATION.

2.1 Shock Loading: Basic Models and Characteristics.

2.2 Shock Isolation.

2.3 The Isolator as a Control Medium: Active and PassiveIsolators.

2.4 Does Isolation of an Object from the Base Always Lead to aReduction in the Shock Load Transmitted to the Object?.

References.

CHAPTER 3 BASIC OPTIMAL SHOCK ISOLATION: SINGLE DEGREEOF FREEDOM SYSTEMS.

3.1 Basic Problems.

3.2 Limiting Performance Analysis: Basic Concept and AnalyticalResults.

3.3 Limiting Performance Analysis: Computational Approach.

3.4 Parametric Optimization.

3.5 Pre-Acting Control for Shock Isolators.

3.6 Best and Worst Disturbance Analyses.

References.

CHAPTER 4 OPTIMAL SHOCK ISOLATION FOR MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOMSYSTEMS.

4.1 Optimal Shock Isolation for aTwo-Component Viscoelastic Object.

4.2 Optimal Shock Isolation for Three-Component Structures.

References. 

CHAPTER 5 SPINAL INJURY CONTROL.

5.1 Description of the Model.

5.2 Minimization of the Occupant’s Displacement subject toa Constraint Imposed on the Spinal Compressive Force.

5.3 Spinal Injury Control System with two Shock Isolators.

5.4 MADYMO Simulation for the Limiting Performance Analysis.

References.

CHAPTER 6 THORACIC INJURY CONTROL.

6.1 Smart Restraint Systems.

6.2 Basic Concept of Restraint Force Control.

6.3 Limiting Performance Analysis for the Prevention of ThoracicInjuries in a Frontal Car Crash.

6.4 Feedback Control of the Elastic Restraint Force on the Basisof the Two-Mass Thorax Injury Model.

6.5 Conclusions.

References.

CHAPTER 7 HEAD INJURY CONTROL.

7.1 Head Injury Criterion: Historical Perspectives.

7.2 Minimization of the Deceleration Distance for ConstrainedHIC.

7.3 Minimization of the HIC for Constrained DecelerationDistance.

7.4 Alternative Control Laws.

References.

CHAPTER 8 INJURY CONTROL FOR WHEELCHAIROCCUPANTS.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Optimal Shock Isolation of Single-Degree-of-FreedomSystem.

8.3 Simulation Using MADYMO.

8.4 Discussion.

References.

Index.

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