Injury Biomechanics and Control: Optimal Protection from Impact / Edition 1

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Injury control, a new branch of engineering science, is developing rapidly, incorporating the fundamentals of biomechanics, engineering mechanics, and control design. This book covers optimal protection from impact, especially the prevention of injuries. The book's first part presents the fundamentals of impact, without specific reference to injury control. Building on the first part, the second part deals with particular injuries. Treating the human body as a multi-faceted engineering system, the coverage illustrates system designs to prevent injury under specific environmental conditions, whether in an automobile, aircraft, or military situation.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470100158
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/2/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

The late Walter D. Pilkey, PhD, was the Morse Professor ofMechanical and Aerospace Engineering, with courtesy positions inPlastic Surgery and Neurosurgery at the University of Virginia. Hereceived his BA, MS, and PhD from Washington State University,Purdue University, and Penn State University, respectively.

Dmitry V. Balandin, Dsc (Physics And Mathematics), is theChair of Numerical and Functional Analysis at Nizhny Novgorod StateUniversity, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. His areas of expertise includeshock isolation, automatic control, and theoretical mechanics. Hereceived his MS, PhD, and DSc, from Nizhny Novgorod StateUniversity, Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the USSR Academyof Sciences, and Moscow State University, respectively.

Nikolai N. Bolotnik, Dsc (Physics And Mathematics), isthe head of the Laboratory of Robotics and Mechatronics at theInstitute for Problems in Mechanics of the Russian Academy ofSciences, Moscow, Russia. His areas of expertise include optimalcontrol, shock isolation, and robotics. He received his MS, PhD,and DSc degrees from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology,Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the USSR Academy ofSciences, and Moscow State University, respectively.

Jeff R. Crandall, PhD, received his BA degree fromDartmouth College and his PhD from the University of Virginia,where he is currently a professor in the Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering and Director of the Center for AppliedBiomechanics. His research involves characterizing human responseand injury during dynamic loading.

Sergey V. Purtsezov, PhD, received his MS and PhD degreesfrom the Nizhny Novgorod State University, Russia, and is presentlya research scientist at the Center for Applied Biomechanics of theUniversity of Virginia. His research interests include shockisolation, measurement, and modeling in biomechanics.

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Table of Contents




1.1 The Structure of the Book.

1.2 Related Studies.



2.1 Shock Loading: Basic Models and Characteristics.

2.2 Shock Isolation.

2.3 The Isolator as a Control Medium: Active and PassiveIsolators.

2.4 Does Isolation of an Object from the Base Always Lead to aReduction in the Shock Load Transmitted to the Object?.



3.1 Basic Problems.

3.2 Limiting Performance Analysis: Basic Concept and AnalyticalResults.

3.3 Limiting Performance Analysis: Computational Approach.

3.4 Parametric Optimization.

3.5 Pre-Acting Control for Shock Isolators.

3.6 Best and Worst Disturbance Analyses.



4.1 Optimal Shock Isolation for aTwo-Component Viscoelastic Object.

4.2 Optimal Shock Isolation for Three-Component Structures.



5.1 Description of the Model.

5.2 Minimization of the Occupant’s Displacement subject toa Constraint Imposed on the Spinal Compressive Force.

5.3 Spinal Injury Control System with two Shock Isolators.

5.4 MADYMO Simulation for the Limiting Performance Analysis.



6.1 Smart Restraint Systems.

6.2 Basic Concept of Restraint Force Control.

6.3 Limiting Performance Analysis for the Prevention of ThoracicInjuries in a Frontal Car Crash.

6.4 Feedback Control of the Elastic Restraint Force on the Basisof the Two-Mass Thorax Injury Model.

6.5 Conclusions.



7.1 Head Injury Criterion: Historical Perspectives.

7.2 Minimization of the Deceleration Distance for ConstrainedHIC.

7.3 Minimization of the HIC for Constrained DecelerationDistance.

7.4 Alternative Control Laws.



8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Optimal Shock Isolation of Single-Degree-of-FreedomSystem.

8.3 Simulation Using MADYMO.

8.4 Discussion.



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