Overview

Agricultural research, extension and education can contribute greatly to enhancing agricultural production in a sustainable way and to reducing poverty in the developing world, but achievements have generally fallen short of expectations in Africa. In recent years, growing economic and demographic pressures - coupled with the entry of new market forces and actors - have created a need and an opportunity for more interactive approaches to development. Understanding the existing innovation processes, recognizing ...
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Innovation Africa: Enriching Farmers' Livelihoods

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Overview

Agricultural research, extension and education can contribute greatly to enhancing agricultural production in a sustainable way and to reducing poverty in the developing world, but achievements have generally fallen short of expectations in Africa. In recent years, growing economic and demographic pressures - coupled with the entry of new market forces and actors - have created a need and an opportunity for more interactive approaches to development. Understanding the existing innovation processes, recognizing the potential for catalysing them and learning how to support joint innovation by different groups will be the key to success.

This book covers new conceptual and methodological developments in agricultural innovation systems, and showcases recent on-the-ground experiences in different contexts in Africa. The contributions show how innovation is the outcome of social learning through interaction of individuals and organizations in both creating and applying knowledge. It brings examples of how space and incentives have been created to promote collaboration between farmers, research, extension and the private sector to develop better technologies and institutional arrangements that can alleviate poverty. In 25 broad-ranging chapters the book reflects cutting-edge thinking and practice in support of innovation processes in agriculture and management of natural resources.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Innovation by, with and for farmers in Africa is one of the major contemporary challenges of development. This book will be essential reading for anyone interested in these issues.'
Professor Ian Scoones, Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, UK

'This book takes the theme of innovation, and its mainstreaming in research and extension, a major step forward. I am impressed by the wide range of subjects and the diversity of authors.'
Chris Reij, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

'The book is strongly recommended to agricultural scientists, university teachers, agricultural research managers and extension staff.'
Experimental Agriculture

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781136562945
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/4/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 384
  • File size: 6 MB

Meet the Author

Pascal Sanginga is a Senior Programme Specialist in Rural Poverty and Environment at the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), based in Nairobi, Kenya. Previously, he was a Senior Social Scientist with the International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and a Research Fellow with the Participatory Research and Gender Analysis Systemwide Programme on the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), hosted by the Africa Highlands Initiative. His research and publications focus on rural innovation systems, social capital and multistakeholder processes for social learning and environmental governance.

Ann Waters-Bayer is an agricultural sociologist in the EcoCulture unit of the Netherlands-based nongovernmental research and development organisation ETC Foundation. She focuses on psychological and institutional aspects of participatory approaches to research and communication. She is a member of the International Support Team for PROLINNOVA (PROmoting Local INNOVAtion in ecologically-oriented agriculture and natural resource management), a Global Partnership Programme of the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) that operates through country and regional programmes in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

Susan Kaaria is a Program Officer for Environment and Economic Development, in the Eastern Africa Office of the Ford Foundation in Nairobi, Kenya. She has a background in forest resource economics and agricultural economics. Prior to joining the Foundation, she was a Senior Scientist with CIAT, based in Kampala, Uganda, where she developed innovative participatory approaches to increasing access to, engagement in and benefits from local, national and regional markets by poor and marginalised communities.

Jemimah Njuki is a Senior Scientist with CIAT, based in Harare, Zimbabwe. She has a background in rural development and has been working on participatory monitoring and evaluation systems to improve decision-making, organisational learning and change. She is also involved in gender research in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Chesha Wettasinha is an agriculturist in the EcoCulture unit of ETC Foundation. She has over 20 years' experience in agriculture and natural resource management, combining technical, social and organisational aspects of research and development. She currently specialises in capacity building in participatory innovation development, process documentation and editing of journals and books to make relevant field experiences accessible for wider sharing and learning. She is a member of the International Support Team for PROLINNOVA.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables and Boxes xi

Foreword Peter Matlon xv

Acknowledgements xviii

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xx

1 Innovation Africa: An Introduction Ann Waters-Bayer Pascal C. Sanginga Susan Kaaria Jemimah Njuki Chesha Wettasinha 1

Part I Innovation Concepts and Methods

2 Conceptual and Methodological Developments in Innovation Niels Roling 9

3 Comparison of Frameworks for Studying Grassroots Innovation: Agricultural Innovation Systems and Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems Amanuel Assefa Ann Waters-Bayer Robert Fincham Maxwell Mudhara 35

4 Applying the Innovation Systems Concept in the Field: Experiences of a Research Team in Uganda Chris Opondo Conny Almekinders Jeremias Mowo Rogers Kanzikwera Pauline Birungi Winnie Alum Margaret Barwogeza 57

5 Developing the Art and Science of Innovation Systems Enquiry: Alternative Tools and Methods, and Applications to Sub-Saharan African Agriculture David J. Spielman Javier Ekboir Kristin Davis 72

Part II Strengthening Social Capital in Agricultural Innovation Systems

6 Harnessing Local and Outsiders' Knowledge: Experiences of a Multi-Stakeholder Partnership to Promote Farmer Innovation in Ethiopia Tesfahun Fenta Amanuel Assefa 89

7 An Innovation System in the Rangelands: Using Collective Action to Diversify Livelihoods among Settled Pastoralists in Ethiopia D. Layne Coppock Solomon Desta Seyoum Tezera Getachew Gebru 104

8 Social Networks and Status in Adopting Agricultural Technologies and Practices among Small-Scale Farmers in Uganda Robert Mazur Sheila Onzere 120

9 From Participation to Partnership: A Different Way for Researchers to Accompany Innovation Processes -Challenges and Difficulties Henri Hocde Bernard Triomphe Guy Faure Michel Dulcire 135

Part III Policy, Institutional and Market-Led Innovation

10 Participatory Analysis of the Potato Knowledge and Information System in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda Peter Gildemacher Paul Maina Moses Nyongesa Peter Kinyae Gebremedhin Woldegiorgis Yohannes Lema Belew Damene Shiferaw Tafesse Rogers Kakuhenzire Imelda Kashaija Charles Musoke Joseph Mudiope Ignatius Kahiu Oscar Ortiz 153

11 Enabling Rural Innovation: Empowering Farmers to Take Advantage of Market Opportunities and Improve Livelihoods Susan Kaaria Jemimah Njuki Annet Abenakyo Robert Delve Pascal C. Sanginga 167

12 Doing Things Differently: Post-Harvest Innovation Learning Alliances in Tanzania and Zimbabwe Brighton M. Mvumi Mike Morris Tanya E. Stathers William Riwa 186

13 Alternative Funding Mechanisms for Local Innovation Systems Willem Heemskerk Ninatubu Lema Bertus Wennink Henriette Gotoechan-Hodounou 203

14 Tracking Outcomes of Social and Institutional Innovations in Natural Resource Management Pascal C. Sanginga Annet Abenakyo Rick Kamugisha Adrienne Martin Robert Muzira 220

Part IV Local Innovation Processes

15 Recognizing and Enhancing Processes of Local Innovation Ann Waters-Bayer Laurens van Veldhuizen Mariana Wongtschowski Chesha Wettasinha 239

16 Building Institutions for Endogenous Development: Using Local Knowledge as a Bridge Jeanne T. Grade John R. S. Tabuti Patrick Van Damme 255

17 Village Information and Communication Centres in Rwanda Silvia Andrea Perez Amare Tegbaru Speciose Kantengwa Andrew Farrow 267

18 Farmer Field Schools for Rural Empowerment and Life-Long Learning in Integrated Nutrient Management: Experiences in Eastern and Central Kenya Andre de Jager Davies Onduru Louis Gachimibi Fred Muchena Gituii Njeru Gachini Christy Van Beek 278

19 From Strangler to Nourisher: How Novice Rice Farmers Turned Challenges into Opportunities Geoffrey Kamau Conny Almekinders 297

Part V Building Capacity for Joint Innovation

20 Strengthening Inter-Institutional Capacity for Rural Innovation: Experience from Uganda, Kenya and South Africa Richard Hawkins Robert Booth Colletah Chitsike Emily Twinamasiko Moses Tenywa George Karanja Thembi Ngcobo Aart-Jan Verschoor|p313

21 Building Competencies for Innovation in Agricultural Research: A Synthesis of Experiences and Lessons from Uganda Diana Akullo Arjen Wals Imelda Kashaija George Ayo 326

22 Shaping Agricultural Research for Development to Africa's Needs: Building South African Capacity to Innovate Aart-Jan Verschoor Thembi Ngcobo Juan Ceballos Richard Hawkins Colletah Chitsike Petronella Chaminuka 333

23 Going to Scale with Facilitation for Change: Developing Competence to Facilitate Community Emancipation and Innovation in South Africa Hlamalani Ngwenya Jurgen Hagmann Johannes Ramaru 340

24 Building Capacity for Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation: Integrating Stakeholders' Perspectives Jemimah Njuki Susan Kaaria Pascal C. Sanginga Festus Murithi Micheal Njunie Kadenge Lewa 358

25 Innovation Africa: Beyond Rhetoric to Praxis Pascal C. Sanginga Ann Waters-Bayer Susan Kaaria Jemimah Njuki Chesha Wettasinha 374

List of Contributors 387

Index 394

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