Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

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The concept of National Innovation Systems is well established in academic research and enthusiastically adopted by policymakers. Yet there are relatively few in-depth studies of individual national innovation systems.

This book provides just that, a model for the application of the concept to an individual economy. Leading scholars provide a detailed analysis of the particular circumstances of Norway—a high income, high productivity, resource rich economy, with relatively modest investment in R&D, and a remarkable track record of social equity. The authors argue that investment in human capital may be more significant than any formula for R&D investment.

The book includes contributions from historians, economists, and political scientists, and offers an unparalleled account of the development of one of the world's most successful economies. It will be essential reading fro academics and policymakers concerned with innovation and growth.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199551552
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 4/12/2009
  • Pages: 368
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Jan Fagerberg is Professor at the University of Oslo, where he is affiliated with the Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture (TIK). David Mowery is Professor at the Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley. Bart Verspagen is Professor at Maastricht University, Department of Economics, and UNU-MERIT.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Innovation in Norway, Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen
Section I: The Historical Evolution and Current Structure of the Norwegian National Innovation System
2. The Layers of National Innovation Systems: The Historical Evolution of a National Innovation System in Norway, Olav Wicken
3. Public R&D and Industrial Innovation in Norway: A Historical Perspective, Magnus Gulbrandsen and Lars Nerdrum
4. The Role of R&D in Industrial Policy: Rise and Fall of a Research-Driven Strategy for Industrialization, Olav Wicken
5. Norwegian Innovation and Industrial Structure, Fulvio Castellacci, Tommy H. Clausen, Svein Olav Nas, and Bart Verspagen
Section II: Sectoral Innovation Systems in Norway: Old and New Paths
6. Innovation and Production in the Norwegian Aluminium Industry, Svein Erik Moen
7. The Development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A Historical Overview, Ole Andreas Engen
8. The Innovation System of Norwegian Aquacultured Salmonids, Heidi Wiig Aslesen
9. Biotechnology in Norway: Joining the Mainstream or Cultivating a Peripheral Advantage?, Terje Gronning
10. Slow Growth and Revolutionary Change: The Norwegian IT Industry Enters the Global Age, 1970-2005, Knut Sogner
Section 3: Innovation Policy and Institutions in Contemporary Norway
11. University-Industry Relations in Norway, Magnus Gulbrandsen and Lars Nerdrum
12. The Technical-Industrial Research Institutes in the Norwegian Innovation System, Magnus Gulbrandsen and Lars Nerdrum
What Kinds of Firms Receive Financial Support for R&D and What Are the Effects?, Tommy H. Clausen

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