Innovative Energy Strategies for CO2 Stabilization

Innovative Energy Strategies for CO2 Stabilization

by Robert G. Watts
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521087821

ISBN-13: 9780521087827

Pub. Date: 12/11/2008

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Many of the world's climate scientists believe that the build-up of heat-trapping CO2 in the atmosphere will lead to global warming unless we burn less fossil fuels. At the same time, energy must be supplied in increasing amounts for the developing world to continue its growth. This work discusses the feasibility of increasingly efficient energy use and the potential…  See more details below

Overview

Many of the world's climate scientists believe that the build-up of heat-trapping CO2 in the atmosphere will lead to global warming unless we burn less fossil fuels. At the same time, energy must be supplied in increasing amounts for the developing world to continue its growth. This work discusses the feasibility of increasingly efficient energy use and the potential for supplying energy from sources that do not introduce CO2. The book analyzes the prospects for Earth-based renewables: solar, wind, biomass, hydroelectricity, geothermal and ocean energy. It then discusses nuclear fission and fusion, and the relatively new idea of harvesting solar energy on satellites or lunar bases. It will be essential reading for all those interested in energy issues.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521087827
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/11/2008
Pages:
468
Product dimensions:
6.60(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of contributorsxi
1Concerns about Climate Change and Global Warming1
1.1Introduction1
1.2The Changing Climate2
1.3The Changing Atmospheric Composition5
1.4Radiative Forcing and Climate Change11
1.5Potential Impacts of Climate change18
1.6Policy Considerations20
1.7Conclusions23
References24
2Posing the Problem27
2.1Scenarios27
2.2Energy Implications of the Scenarios30
2.3An Engineering Problem38
References43
3Adaptive Strategies for Climate Change45
3.1Introduction45
3.2The Case for Adaptive-Decision Strategies47
3.3Assessing Adaptive-Decision Strategies51
3.4Design of Adaptive-Decision Strategies58
3.5Conclusions78
References82
4Energy Efficiency: a Little Goes a Long Way87
4.1Introduction87
4.2What is Energy Efficiency?90
4.3Historical Trends and Future Predictions92
4.4Developing Nations and Uncertainty in Future Energy Use97
4.5Viewpoints on Energy Efficiency101
4.6The Development of Energy Efficient Technologies102
4.7Adoption of Energy Efficiency104
4.8Policy Aspects of Energy Efficiency107
4.9Efficiency Case Studies111
4.10Conclusions116
References118
5The Potential of Renewable Energy to Reduce Carbon Emissions123
5.1Introduction and Overview123
5.2Characteristics of Renewable Energy Technologies125
5.3Market Issues145
5.4Regional Status and Potential of Renewables to Address Climate Change158
5.5Scenarios for the Future167
5.6System-level Deployment168
5.7Policy Requirements173
References177
6Carbonless Transportation and Energy Storage in Future Energy Systems181
6.1Carbonless Energy Carriers181
6.2Transition Paths Toward Carbonless Energy187
6.3Hydrogen Transportation Technology198
6.4Displacing Natural Gas from Transportation200
6.5Alternatives to Hydrogen Energy Storage202
6.6Hydrogen Vehicles as Buffer Energy Storage203
6.7Strategies for Reducing Carbon Emissions203
References204
Appendices206
7What Can Nuclear Power Accomplish to Reduce CO[subscript 2] Emissions211
7.1Overview211
7.2Background218
7.3Public Acceptance244
7.4Future Directions254
7.5Incorporating Nuclear Energy into Energy-Economic-Environmental (E[superscript 3]) Models285
7.6Conclusion: A Possible Future for Nuclear Energy298
List of Abbreviations302
References307
Appendices315
8Nuclear Fusion Energy325
8.1Introduction325
8.2Potential of Fusion327
8.3Approaches to Fusion Energy331
8.4Where to from Here?340
List of Abbreviations342
References342
9Energy Prosperity Within the Twenty-first Century and Beyond: Options and the Unique Roles of the Sun and the Moon345
9.0Summary345
9.1Twenty-first Century Challenges: People, Power and Energy345
9.2Sources to Supply 60 TWt or 20 TWe Commercial Power by 2050349
9.3Lunar Solar Power (LSP) System384
9.4LSP System Versus Other Power System Options at 20 Twe393
9.5Implications of the Lunar Solar Power System400
Acknowledgements402
Definitions of Special Terms403
References and Notes405
10Geoengineering the Climate: History and Prospect411
10.1Introduction411
10.2Defining Geoengineering412
10.3History414
10.4Taxonomy and Review of Proposals to Manipulate the Climate425
10.5Evaluating Geoengineering437
10.6Summary and Implications447
Acknowledgment449
References450
Index454

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >