Input cues and verb comprehension with toddlers in a Looking-While-Listening Paradigm.

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Overview

Twelve typically developing children (M age 24.4 months) participated in a Looking-While-Listening Paradigm that measured verb comprehension with the grammatical morpheme --ing, the ungrammatical morpheme --est, and the nonsense morpheme --il. Children, seated on a care giver's lap, viewed simultaneous split screen video events and heard the linguistic stimulus. Verb comprehension was determined based on time spent looking to a target event and the number of gaze shifts. Despite predictions, no significant differences were found and children's looking to target verbs (M = 59%) was no better than chance. A practice task consisting of nouns revealed significantly longer time spent looking to object pictures associated with target nouns ( M = 76%) compared to chance (p < .001) and the experimental verb task (p = .021). Three participants were excluded based on chance performance during the noun practice task. Data now revealed significantly longer looking times compared to chance for two morpheme conditions, --ing and --il, consistent with a predicted trend. This paradigm will support future research investigating linguistic and contextual factors associated with children's early sentence processing and word learning.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781109122282
  • Publisher: ProQuest LLC
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eTextbook
  • Pages: 74
  • File size: 2 MB

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