Inside Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-1944

Inside Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-1944

5.0 1
by Mark Mazower
     
 

ISBN-10: 0300065523

ISBN-13: 9780300065527

Pub. Date: 09/27/1995

Publisher: Yale University Press

This gripping and richly illustrated account of wartime Greece explores the impact of the Nazi Occupation upon the lives and values of ordinary people. The first full account of the experience of occupation, it offers a vividly human picture of resistance fighters and black marketeers, teenage German conscripts and Gestapo officers, Jews and starving villagers.  See more details below

Overview

This gripping and richly illustrated account of wartime Greece explores the impact of the Nazi Occupation upon the lives and values of ordinary people. The first full account of the experience of occupation, it offers a vividly human picture of resistance fighters and black marketeers, teenage German conscripts and Gestapo officers, Jews and starving villagers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300065527
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
09/27/1995
Pages:
462
Product dimensions:
6.06(w) x 9.23(h) x 1.07(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Introduction
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and Foreign Terms
Prologue: Swastika over the Acropolis1
Pt. IThe Chaos of the New Order: 1941-43
1Venizelos's Funeral11
2The Occupation Begins15
3The Famine23
4Black Market Axioms53
5An Atmosphere of Imminent Catastrophe65
6Greek Workers in the Reich73
7Dreams of a New Europe79
Pt. II'This Heroic Madness': 1941-43
8The Resistance of Daily Life85
9Prudence or Bravery? The Old Politicians97
10Becoming Organised103
11Urban Protest108
12'Freedom or Death!'123
13Politics of the Andartiko138
14The End of Italian Rule144
Pt. IIIThe Logic of Violence and Terror: 1943-44
15The Logic of Violence155
16Anatomy of a Massacre: 16 August 1943190
17'The Loveliest Time': the Behaviour and Values of the German Soldier201
18The SS and the Terror System219
19Greek Jewry and the Final Solution235
Pt. IVA Society at War: 1943-44
20People's Democracy in Free Greece265
21ELAS: the People's Liberation Army297
22'A Cemetery Awash in Blood': the Counter-Revolution322
23'Tired Out by History': Athens '44340
Epilogue: 'No Peace without Victory'355
Notes378
Archival Sources415
Note on Sources423
Index429

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Inside Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-1944 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
willyvan More than 1 year ago
This brilliant book details the horrors of the Nazi occupation of Greece. Goering told all Reich Commissioners and Military Commanders of occupied territories, “I could not care less when you say that people under your administration are dying of hunger. Let them perish so long as no German starves.” In the first year of the occupation, April 1941-April 1942, 40,000 people starved to death. The British lifted their sea blockade of Greece only in August 1942 to allow Greece to get grain from outside Europe. Greece had first asked the British government to lift the blockade in April 1941. The Red Cross estimated that 250,000 Greeks died of famine in 1941-43. Mazower sums up, “Everywhere the hunger intensified people’s alienation from the state and radicalised large sections of the population, including many white-collar workers and middle-class professionals, former bastions of the old bourgeois order, who looked in vain to the established political world in Athens for guidance and leadership in their daily struggle for survival.” He points out that the government’s “efforts to keep Greece on the gold standard pushed the economy into recession ..” He cites an American oil executive working in Greece who said, “The Germans are looting for all they are worth, both openly and by forcing the Greeks to sell for worthless paper marks, issued locally.” In September 1943, EAM/ELAS [National Liberation Front/Greek People’s Liberation Army] got the Grand Rabbi out of Athens, which ‘saved the lives of hundreds, if not thousands, of Jews’. Mazower writes, “Though the [Jewish] fugitives received support from many quarters, the outstanding role was played by EAM/ELAS, whose underground organisation was the most extensive in the country.” Even so, the Nazis killed possibly 90 per cent of Greece’s Jews. In November 1943, a member of Britain’s Military Mission, with the knowledge of the Middle East commander of Britain’s Special Operations Executive, held secret talks with the head of the German Secret Police in Athens on possible joint action against the Soviet Union.