Institutional Design In New Democracies / Edition 1

Institutional Design In New Democracies / Edition 1

by Arend Lijphart
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813321093

ISBN-13: 9780813321097

Pub. Date: 04/01/1996

Publisher: Westview Press


Countries throughout Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe are moving from semi-closed to open economies and from authoritarian to democratic political systems. Despite important differences between the regions, these transitions involve similar tasks: the establishment of governmental institutions and electoral systems conducive to legitimation of the…  See more details below

Overview


Countries throughout Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe are moving from semi-closed to open economies and from authoritarian to democratic political systems. Despite important differences between the regions, these transitions involve similar tasks: the establishment of governmental institutions and electoral systems conducive to legitimation of the new and fragile democracies and expansion of the institutional infrastructure of a market economy.This volume looks at both regions, focusing on the relationship between the tasks of institutional design and the outcomes of the process of economic and political liberalization. In particular, the contributors emphasize the design of institutions to serve a market economy, the design of electoral laws, and the design of executive-legislative relations. Each chapter discusses the legacy of the pre-existing authoritarian regime; the range of preferences among various strategic actors (the government, state bureaucracies, opposition parties, and interest groups) with regard to the pace and mix of reforms; and the consequences of final choices for the institutionalization of effective economies and the process of democratization.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813321097
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
04/01/1996
Series:
Latin America in Global Perspective Series
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)
Lexile:
1520L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Tables and Figures
Acknowledgments
Acronyms
Ch. 1Institutional Design and Democratization1
Ch. 2Initiation of New Democratic Institutions in Eastern Europe and Latin America15
Ch. 3Electoral Systems and Electoral Reform in Latin America43
Ch. 4Proportional Representation Versus Majoritarian Systems: Free Elections and Political Parties in Poland, 1989-199159
Ch. 5Electoral Engineering and Democratic Stability: The Legacy of Authoritarian Rule in Chile77
Ch. 6Executive-Legislative Relations in Crisis: Poland's Experience, 1989-1993103
Ch. 7Parliamentarism in the Making: Crisis and Political Transformation in Hungary117
Ch. 8Changing the Balance of Power in a Hegemonic Party System: The Case of Mexico137
Ch. 9Hyperpresidentialism and Constitutional Reform in Argentina161
Ch. 10Privatization in Central Europe: Can It Be Designed?177
Ch. 11Obstacles to Economic Reform in Brazil195
Ch. 12The Multiple Roles of Privatization in Argentina219
Ch. 13The Design of Democracies and Markets: Generalizing Across Regions235
About the Book249
About the Editors and Contributors251
Index255

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