Institutional Design In New Democracies / Edition 1

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Overview


Countries throughout Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe are moving from semi-closed to open economies and from authoritarian to democratic political systems. Despite important differences between the regions, these transitions involve similar tasks: the establishment of governmental institutions and electoral systems conducive to legitimation of the new and fragile democracies and expansion of the institutional infrastructure of a market economy.This volume looks at both regions, focusing on the relationship between the tasks of institutional design and the outcomes of the process of economic and political liberalization. In particular, the contributors emphasize the design of institutions to serve a market economy, the design of electoral laws, and the design of executive-legislative relations. Each chapter discusses the legacy of the pre-existing authoritarian regime; the range of preferences among various strategic actors (the government, state bureaucracies, opposition parties, and interest groups) with regard to the pace and mix of reforms; and the consequences of final choices for the institutionalization of effective economies and the process of democratization.

"Excellent treatment of the problems involved in the institutional design of democratization. Using a comparative perspective, authors examine the relationship between the tasks of institutional design and the policy outcomes of economic and political liberalization in Latin America and in Central and Eastern Europe. Focuses on how institutions serve a market economy, the design of electoral laws, and executive-legislative relations. Although differences do exist, authors find that 'Eastern Europe and Latin America are conceptual and theoretical neighbors rather than distant strangers' to the process of democratization"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A guide to using online services and the Internet to find genealogical information, explaining how to use bulletin boards, newsgroups, genealogy forums, Web pages, and library card catalogs. Includes glossaries of terms and emoticons (those little sideways smiley faces). This second edition is updated with new information on the Internet, the WWW, and the latest software. For readers at any level in computers and genealogy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Meet the Author


Arend Lijphart is professor of political science at University of California at San Diego, where Carlos H. Waisman is professor of sociology. Arend Lijphart is professor of political science at University of California at San Diego, where Carlos H. Waisman is professor of sociology.
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Table of Contents

Tables and Figures
Acknowledgments
Acronyms
Ch. 1 Institutional Design and Democratization 1
Ch. 2 Initiation of New Democratic Institutions in Eastern Europe and Latin America 15
Ch. 3 Electoral Systems and Electoral Reform in Latin America 43
Ch. 4 Proportional Representation Versus Majoritarian Systems: Free Elections and Political Parties in Poland, 1989-1991 59
Ch. 5 Electoral Engineering and Democratic Stability: The Legacy of Authoritarian Rule in Chile 77
Ch. 6 Executive-Legislative Relations in Crisis: Poland's Experience, 1989-1993 103
Ch. 7 Parliamentarism in the Making: Crisis and Political Transformation in Hungary 117
Ch. 8 Changing the Balance of Power in a Hegemonic Party System: The Case of Mexico 137
Ch. 9 Hyperpresidentialism and Constitutional Reform in Argentina 161
Ch. 10 Privatization in Central Europe: Can It Be Designed? 177
Ch. 11 Obstacles to Economic Reform in Brazil 195
Ch. 12 The Multiple Roles of Privatization in Argentina 219
Ch. 13 The Design of Democracies and Markets: Generalizing Across Regions 235
About the Book 249
About the Editors and Contributors 251
Index 255
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