Institutions of Confinement: Hospitals, Asylums, and Prisons in Western Europe and North America, 1500-1950

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Overview

A major interdisciplinary study of the development of hospitals, insane asylums, and prisons in America and Europe, this book resulted from discussions between its two editors about their work on the history of hospitals, poor relief, deviance, and crime, and a subsequent conference held in June 1992 by the German Historical Institute, Washington, D.C., that attempted to assess the impacts of Foucault and Elias. Eighteen contributors from six different countries with backgrounds in history, sociology, criminology, and public health utilize various methodological approaches and reflect the various viewpoints in the theoretical debate over Foucault's contribution to historical research.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Many of the essays in this volume provide fascinating data about the origins of institutions that played significant societal roles....use their data to build a more persuasive interpretive framework." Journal of Interdisciplinary History

"...this volume is timely and will be much in demand." Nicholas R. Moschovakis, Sixteenth Century Journal

"...this compilation of essays provides a ready source of additional references and offers a needed perspective on the topic." Joanna D. Innes, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

"...the reader can be grateful for a provocative distillatioln of the work of a leading American historian of the hospital, recast to elicit comparative reflections." Thomas M. Adams, Journal of Social History

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
Contributors
1 Elias, Foucault, Oestreich: On a Historical Theory of Confinement 3
2 Four Centuries of Prison History: Punishment, Suffering, the Body, and Power 17
3 The Transformation of the American Hospital 39
4 The Construction of the Hospital Patient in Early Modern France 55
5 Before the Clinic Was "Born": Methodological Perspectives in Hospital History 75
6 Syphilis and Confinement: Hospitals in Early Modern Germany 97
7 Madhouses, Children's Wards, and Clinics: The Development of Insane Asylums in Germany 117
8 Pietist Universal Reform and Care of the Sick and the Poor: The Medical Institutions of the Francke Foundations and Their Social Context 133
9 Michel Foucault's Impact on the German Historiography of Criminal Justice, Social Discipline, and Medicalization 155
10 The History of Ideas and Its Significance for the Prison System 175
11 The Prerogatives of Confinement in Germany, 1933-1945: "Protective Custody" and Other Police Strategies 191
12 "Comparing Apples and Oranges?" The History of Early Prisons in Germany and the United States, 1800-1860 213
13 Reformers United: The American and the German Juvenile Court, 1882-1923 235
14 The Medicalization of Criminal Law Reform in Imperial Germany 275
15 Prison Reform in France and Other European Countries in the Nineteenth Century 285
16 Surveillance and Redemption: The Casa di Correzione of San Michele a Ripa in Rome 301
17 "Policing the Bachelor Subculture": The Demographics of Summary Misdemeanants, Allegheny County Jail, 1892-1923 325
18 Beyond Confinement? Notes on the History and Possible Future of Solitary Confinement in Germany 349
Index 363
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