Integral Europe: Fast-Capitalism, Multiculturalism, Neofascism

Integral Europe: Fast-Capitalism, Multiculturalism, Neofascism

by Douglas R. Holmes
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691050899

ISBN-13: 9780691050898

Pub. Date: 10/09/2000

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Over the past 15 years, the project of advanced European integration has followed a complex secular and cosmopolitan agenda. As that agenda has evolved, however, so have various hard-line populist movements with goals diametrically opposed to the ideals of a harmonious European Union. Spearheaded by figures such as Jean-Marie Le Pen, the controversial leader of

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Overview

Over the past 15 years, the project of advanced European integration has followed a complex secular and cosmopolitan agenda. As that agenda has evolved, however, so have various hard-line populist movements with goals diametrically opposed to the ideals of a harmonious European Union. Spearheaded by figures such as Jean-Marie Le Pen, the controversial leader of France's National Front party, these radical movements have become increasingly influential and, because of their philosophical affinities with fascism and national socialism--politically worrisome.

In Integral Europe, anthropologist Douglas Holmes posits that such movements are philosophically rooted in integralism, a sensibility that, in its most benign form, enables people to maintain their ethnic identity and solidarity within the context of an increasingly pluralistic society. Taken to irrational extremes by people like Le Pen, integralism is being used to inflame people's feelings of alienation and powerlessness, the by-products of impersonal, transnational "fast-capitalism." The consequences are an invidious politics of exclusion that spawns cultural nationalism, racism, and social disorder.

The analysis moves from northern Italy to Strasbourg and Brussels, the two venues of the European Parliament, and finally to the East End of London. This multi-sited ethnography provides critical perspective on integralism as a form of intimate cultural practice and a violent idiom of estrangement. It combines a wide-ranging review of modern and historical scholarship with two years of field research that included personal interviews with right-wing activists, among them Le Pen and neo-Nazis in inner London. Fascinating, provocative, and sobering, Integral Europe offers a rare inside look at one of modern Europe's most unsettling political trends.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691050898
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
10/09/2000
Pages:
280
Sales rank:
1,013,598
Product dimensions:
5.73(w) x 9.34(h) x 0.64(d)

Table of Contents


Preface ix

Acknowlegments xi

Chapter One: Inner Landscapes 3

Part One: EUROPE 17

Chapter Two: Flowering of Cultures 19

Chapter Three: Science and Metaphysics of Solidarity 37

Chapter Four: Cultural Physician 59

Chapter Five: An Essential Sociology 75

Chapter Six: Society and Its Vicissitudes 90

Part Two: EAST END 103

Chapter Seven: Call It Fascism 105

Chapter Eight: Factual Racism 116

Chapter Nine: Authoritarianism 138

Part Three: ATAVISM 163

Chapter Ten: Radical Symmetry 165

Chapter Eleven: Eclipse 191

Notes To The Chapters 203

Bibliography 231

Index 247

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