Integral Humanism, Freedom in the Modern World, and a Letter on Independence

Integral Humanism, Freedom in the Modern World, and a Letter on Independence

by Jacques Maritain
     
 

The three books presented in this volume, Integral Humanism, Freedom in the Modern World, and A Letter on Independence, were all written in the early 1930s, a time of dire trouble for France. France was then surrounded by enemies preparing for war and was itself so violently split between parties of Left and Right that it seemed on the verge of

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Overview

The three books presented in this volume, Integral Humanism, Freedom in the Modern World, and A Letter on Independence, were all written in the early 1930s, a time of dire trouble for France. France was then surrounded by enemies preparing for war and was itself so violently split between parties of Left and Right that it seemed on the verge of Civil War. In this collection, Jacques Maritain accepts the responsibility of a Christian philosopher to actively address the agonizing practical problems of the time.

Maritain discusses major political issues such as the relation of freedom and religion, the opposition of democracy to any form of totalitarianism, the relation of the spiritual and the temporal, the need for an integral and Christian humanism, and the prospects for a new Christian civilization, all in opposition to the materialism of both communism and capitalism.

Against the fierce antagonism of the parties of the political Left and Right, Maritain declares a plague on both their houses and strongly affirms the need for independence from both of them. He does so by distinguishing between two senses of the terms Left and Right, one denoting a temperamental or physiological disposition, the other a definite political position. In the latter sense, Maritain asserts that he is an independent, while acknowledging that he is, by temperament, a man of the Left.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780268011772
Publisher:
University of Notre Dame Press
Publication date:
04/28/1996
Series:
Collected Works of Jacques Maritain Series, #11
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
368
Sales rank:
1,140,200
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
Maritain Chronology
Freedom in the Modern World
Ch. IA Philosophy of Freedom5
Ch. IIReligion and Culture42
Ch. IIIOn the Purification of the Means73
Appendix I: Person and Property101
Appendix II: The Doctrine of "Satyagraha" as Set Forth by M. K. Gandhi112
A Letter on Independence
Integral Humanism
Introduction: Heroism and Humanism152
Ch. IThe Tragedy of Humanism157
Ch. IINew Humanism174
Ch. IIIThe Christian and the World212
Ch. IVThe Historical Ideal of a New Christendom I233
Ch. VThe Historical Ideal of a New Christendom II255
Ch. VIThe Historic Possibilities of the Realization of a New Christendom285
Ch. VIIThe More Immediate Future314
Appendix: The Structure of Action337

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